Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2013.18.1.003
Title & Authors
Toxic Trace and Earth Crustal Elements of Ambient PM2.5 Using CCT-ICP-MS in an Urban Area of Korea Lee, Jin-Hong; Jeong, Jin-Hee; Lim, Joung-Myung;
Collision cell technology-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (CCT-ICP-MS) was used to measure the concentrations of approximately 19 elements associated with airborne PM2.5 samples that were collected from a roadside sampling station in Daejeon, Korea. Standard reference material (SRM 2783, air particulate on filter media) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology was used for the quality assurance of CCT-ICP-MS. The elemental concentrations were compared statistically with the certified (or recommended) values. The patterns of distribution were clearly distinguished between elements with their concentrations ranging over four orders of magnitude. If compared in terms of enrichment factors, it was found that toxic trace elements (e.g., Sb, Se, Cd, As, Zn, Pb, and Cu) of anthropogenic origin are much more enriched in PM2.5 samples of the study site. To the contrary, the results of the correlation analysis showed that PM2.5 concentrations can exhibit more enhanced correlations with the elements (e.g., Fe, K, Si, and Ti) arising from earth's crust. The findings of strong correlations between PM2.5 and the elements of crustal origin may be directly comparable with the dominant role of those species by constituting a major fraction of even PM2.5 as well as PM10 at the roadside area.
Source identification and apportionment of PM2.5 and PM2.5−10 in iron and steel scrap smelting factory environment using PMF, PCFA and UNMIX receptor models, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2016, 188, 10
Spatiotemporal Variations and Possible Sources of Ambient PM10from 2003 to 2012 in Luzhou, China, Environmental Engineering Research, 2014, 19, 4, 331
Natusch DF, Wallace JR, Evans CA Jr. Toxic trace elements: preferential concentration in respirable particles. Science 1974;183:202-204.
Dockery DW, Pope CA 3rd. Acute respiratory effects of particulate air pollution. Annu. Rev. Public Health 1994;15:107-132.
Miller FJ. Dosimetry of particles: critical factors having risk assessment implications. Inhal. Toxicol. 2000;12:389-395.
See SW, Balasubramanian R. Risk assessment of exposure to indoor aerosols associated with Chinese cooking. Environ. Res. 2006;102:197-204.
Pope CA 3rd, Burnett RT, Thun MJ, et al. Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. JAMA 2002;287:1132-1141.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Air quality criteria for particulate matter. Washington: EPA; 2004. Report no.: EPA/600/P-99/002aF-bF.
Jiang SJ, Houk RS, Stevens MA. Alleviation of overlap interferences for determination of potassium isotope ratios by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem. 1988;60:1217-1221.
Sakata K, Kawabata K. Reduction of fundamental polyatomic ions in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Spectrochim. Acta Part B At. Spectrosc. 1994;49:1027-1038.
Tanner SD, Baranov VI, Bandura DR. Reaction cells and collision cells for ICP-MS: a tutorial review. Spectrochim. Acta Part B At. Spectrosc. 2002;57:1361-1452.
Thomas R. A beginner's guide to ICP-MS. Spectroscopy 2002;17:42-48.
Hassan NM, Rasmussen PE, Dabek-Zlotorzynska E, Celo V, Chen H. Analysis of environmental samples using microwave- assisted acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry: maximizing total element recoveries. Water Air Soil Poll. 2007;178:323-334.
Alsenz H, Zereini F, Wiseman CL, Puttmann W. Analysis of palladium concentrations in airborne particulate matter with reductive co-precipitation, He collision gas, and IDICP- Q-MS. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2009;395:1919-1927.
Soriano A, Pallares S, Pardo F, Vicente AB, Sanfeliu T, Bech J. Deposition of heavy metals from particulate settleable matter in soils of industrialised area. J. Geochem. Explor. 2012;113:36-44.
Diaz X, Johnson WP, Fernandez D, Naftz DL. Size and elemental distributions of nano- to micro-particulates in the geochemically-stratified Great Salt Lake. Appl. Geochem. 2009;24:1653-1665.
Kim KH, Lee JH, Jang MS. Metals in airborne particulate matter from the first and second industrial complex area of Taejon city, Korea. Environ. Pollut. 2002;118:41-51.
World Health Organization. WHO air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006. Report no.: WHO/SDE/PHE/OEH/06.02.
Taylor SR, McLennan SM. The continental crust, its composition and evolution: an examination of the geochemical record preserved in sedimentary rocks. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific; 1985.