Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Characterizing Hydraulic Properties by Grain-Size Analysis of Fluvial Deposits Depending on Stream Path in Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 18, Issue 3,  2013, pp.129-137
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2013.18.3.129
 Title & Authors
Characterizing Hydraulic Properties by Grain-Size Analysis of Fluvial Deposits Depending on Stream Path in Korea
Oh, Yun-Yeong; Hamm, Se-Yeong; Chung, Sang Yong; Lee, Byeong Dae;
  PDF(new window)
The infiltration of rainwater into the surface soil is highly dependent on hydraulic variables, such as the infiltration rate, capillary fringe, moisture content, and unsaturated/saturated hydraulic conductivity. This study estimates the hydraulic conductivity (K) of fluvial deposits at three sites on the right and left banks of Nakdong River in Gyeongbuk Province, South Korea, including the Gumi, Waegwan, and Seongju bridge sites. The K values of 80 samples from 13 boreholes were estimated by using six grain-size methods (Hazen, Slichter, Kozeny, Beyer, Sauerbrei, and Pavchich formulae). The Beyer, Hazen, and Slichter methods showed a better relationship with K values along with an effective grain size than did the other three methods. The grain-size, pumping test, and slug test analyses resulted in different K values, but with similar K values in the grain-size analysis and pumping test. The lower K values of the slug test represent the uppermost fine sand layer.
Fluvial deposit;Grain-size analysis;Groundwater;Hydraulic conductivity;Pumping test;
 Cited by
Environmental Engineering Research in September 2013, Environmental Engineering Research, 2013, 2005-968X, 115  crossref(new windwow)
Fifty years of groundwater science in Korea: a review and perspective, Geosciences Journal, 2017, 21, 6, 951  crossref(new windwow)
Bradbury KR, Muldoon MA. Hydraulic conductivity determinations in unlithified glacial and fluvial materials. In: Nielsen DM, Johnson AI. Ground water and vadose zone monitoring. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials; 1990. p. 138-151.

Jones LD. A comparison of pumping and slug tests for estimating the hydraulic conductivity of unweathered Wisconsian age till in Iowa. Groundwater 1993;31:896-904. crossref(new window)

Cheong JY, Hamm SY, Kim HS, Ko EJ, Yang K, Lee JH. Estimating hydraulic conductivity using grain-size analyses, aquifer tests, and numerical modeling in a riverside alluvial system in South Korea. Hydrogeol. J. 2008;16:1129-1143. crossref(new window)

Uma KO, Egboka BC, Onuoha KM. New statistical grain-size method for evaluating the hydraulic conductivity of sandy aquifers. J. Hydrol. 1989;108:343-366. crossref(new window)

Freeze RA, Cherry JA. Groundwater. Englewood Cliffs:Prentice-Hall; 1979.

Shepherd RG. Correlations of permeability and grain size. Groundwater 1989;27:633-638. crossref(new window)

Alyamani MS, Sen Z. Determination of hydraulic conductivity from complete grain-size distribution curves. Groundwater 1993;31:551-555. crossref(new window)

Hazen A. Some physical properties of sands and gravels. Lawrence: Massachusetts State Board of Health; 1892.

Beyer W. On the determination of hydraulic conductivity of gravels and sands from grain-size distribution. Wasserwirtsch. Wassertech. 1964;14:165-169.

Slichter CS. Theoretical investigation of the motion of ground waters. Washington: US Geological Survey; 1899.

Kozeny J. Uber kapillare leitung des wassers im boden. Sitzungsber. Acad. Wiss. Wien. 1927;136:271-306.

Boadu PK. Hydraulic conductivity of soils from grain-size distribution: new models. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 2000; 126:739-746 crossref(new window)

Odong J. Evaluation of empirical formulae for determination of hydraulic conductivity based on grain-size analysis. J. Am. Sci. 2007;3:54-60.

Kasenow M. Determination of hydraulic conductivity from grain size analysis. Highlands Ranch: Water Resources Publications; 2002.

Pravedny GH. Design and selection of grain-size composition of filter beds for the transition zones of large dams. Moscow: Energiia; 1966.

Tateiwa I. Geological atlas of Korea (1:50,000): Waegwan area. Daejeon: Geological Survey of Korea; 1929.

Kim JH, Lim JW. Geological map of Korea (1:50,000): Gumi area. Seoul: Geological and Mineral Institute of Korea; 1974.

Vukovic M, Soro A. Hydraulics and water wells: theory and application. Littleton: Water Resources Publications; 1992.

American Society of Testing and Materials. Standard test method for particle size analysis of soils (D422-63). In: Annual book of ASTM Standards: soil and rock (I): D420-D5611 v.04.08. Philadelphia: American Society of Testing and Materials; 1995.

Theis CV. The relation between the lowering of the piezometric surface and the rate and duration of discharge of a well using ground water storage. Am. Geophys. Union Trans. 1935;16:519-524. crossref(new window)

Hvorslev MJ. Time lag and soil permeability in ground water observations. Vicksburg: US Army Corps of Engineers, Waterway Experimentation Station; 1951.

Bouwer H, Rice RC. A slug test for determining hydraulic conductivity of unconfined aquifers with completely or partially penetrating wells. Water Resour. Res. 1976;12:423-428. crossref(new window)

Butler JJ Jr. The design, performance, and analysis of slug tests. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers; 1998.

Butler JJ Jr, Healey JM. Relationship between pumping-test and slug-test parameters: scale effect or artifact? Groundwater 1998;36:305-313. crossref(new window)

US Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Keys to soil taxonomy. Washington: US Department of Agriculture; 1994.

Salarashayeri AF, Siosemarde M. Prediction of soil hydraulic conductivity from particle-size distribution. World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2012;61:454-458.

Hinsby K, Bjerg PL, Andersen, LJ, Skov B, Clausen EV. A mini slug test method for determination of a local hydraulic conductivity of an unconfined sandy aquifer. J. Hydrol. 1992;136:87-106. crossref(new window)