JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Leachate during Vegetable Waste Composting using Rotary Drum Composter
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 19, Issue 1,  2014, pp.67-73
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2014.19.1.067
 Title & Authors
Effects of Leachate during Vegetable Waste Composting using Rotary Drum Composter
Varma, V. Sudharsan; Kalamdhad, Ajay S.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In India, disposal of vegetable market waste along with municipal solid waste in landfills or dumpsites is creating much nuisance in terms of odor nuisance, leachate production, and greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere. Therefore, vegetable waste with high biodegradable and nutrient content is composted in a 550-L batch scale rotary drum composter to study the degradation process and its compost properties for its potential reuse as high quality compost. A total 150 kg of working volume was fixed for composting studies with two different ratios, trial A (6:3:1) of C/N 24 and trial B (8:1:1) of C/N 30, respectively. A maximum of and was observed in trials A and B; an average of for more than 5 days, which helped in the degradation of organic matter and reduction of total and fecal coliform. The temperature dropped suddenly after the thermophilic stage in trial B, and leachate was observed due to insufficient amount of bulking agent. Mesophilic bacteria dominated during the initial stages of composting, and reduced considerably during the thermophilic stage. During the thermophilic stage, the rise in spore-forming organisms, including spore-forming bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes and streptomycetes, increased and these were predominant until the end of the composting process. By examination, it was observed that moisture and leachate production had adverse effects on the compost parameters with higher loss of micronutrients and heavy metals.
 Keywords
C/N ratio;Leachate;Microbial diversity;Rotary drum composting;Vegetable waste;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Carbon decomposition by inoculating Phanerochaete chrysosporium during drum composting of agricultural waste, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, 22, 10, 7851  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Kumar JS, Subbiah KV, Prasada Rao PV. Management of municipal solid waste by vermicompost: a case study of Eluru. Int. J. Environ. Sci. 2010;1:82-90.

2.
Ghatwai M. Perishable production [Internet]. New Delhi: The Indian Express; c2014 [cited 2013 Oct 8]. Available from: http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/perishable-production/1165189/.

3.
Larney FJ, Hao X. A review of composting as a management alternative for beef cattle feedlot manure in southern Alberta, Canada. Bioresour. Technol. 2007;98:3221-3227. crossref(new window)

4.
Montemurro F, Maiorana M, Convertini G, Ferri D. Compost organic amendments in fodder crops: effects on yield, nitrogen utilization and soil characteristics. Compost Sci. Util. 2006;14:114-123. crossref(new window)

5.
Xiao Y, Zeng GM, Yang ZH, et al. Changes in the actinomycetal communities during continuous thermophilic composting as revealed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and quantitative PCR. Bioresour. Technol. 2011;102:1383-1388. crossref(new window)

6.
Ruggieri L, Gea T, Mompeo M, Sayara T, Sanchez A. Performance of different systems for the composting of the sourceselected organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Biosyst. Eng. 2008;101:78-86. crossref(new window)

7.
Chanakya HN, Ramachandra TV, Guruprasad M, Devi V. Micro-treatment options for components of organic fraction of MSW in residential areas. Environ. Monit. Assess. 2007;135:129-139. crossref(new window)

8.
Bhatia A, Ali M, Sahoo J, et al. Microbial diversity during rotary drum and windrow pile composting. J. Basic Microbiol. 2012;52:5-15. crossref(new window)

9.
Kalamdhad AS, Pasha M, Kazmi AA. Stability evaluation of compost by respiration techniques in a rotary drum composter. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 2008;52:829-834. crossref(new window)

10.
Kalamdhad AS, Kazmi AA. Mixed organic waste composting using rotary drum composter, Int. J. Environ. Waste Manag. 2008;2:24-36. crossref(new window)

11.
Tiquia SM, Tam NF. Fate of nitrogen during composting of chicken litter. Environ. Pollut. 2000;110:535-541. crossref(new window)

12.
Andersen JK, Boldrin A, Samuelsson J, Christensen TH, Scheutz C. Quantification of greenhouse gas emissions from windrow composting of garden waste. J. Environ. Qual. 2010;39:713-724. crossref(new window)

13.
Ryckeboer J, Mergaert J, Coosemans J, Deprins K, Swings J. Microbiological aspects of biowaste during composting in a monitored compost bin. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2003;94:127-137. crossref(new window)

14.
Eaton AD, Clesceri LS, Rice EW, Greenberg AE. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; 2005.

15.
Mohee R, Mudhoo A. Analysis of the physical parameters of an in-vessel composting matrix. Powder Technol. 2005;155:92-99. crossref(new window)

16.
Tsai SH, Liu CP, Yanga SS. Microbial conversion of food wastes for biofertilizer production with thermophilic lipolytic microbes. Renew. Energy. 2007;32:904-915. crossref(new window)

17.
Smith DC, Beharee V, Hughes JC. The effects of composts produced by a simple composting procedure on the yields of Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. var. flavescens) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. nanus). Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam) 2001;91:393-406. crossref(new window)

18.
Smith DR, Cawthon DL, Sloan JJ, Freeman TM. In-vessel, mechanical rotating drum composting of institutional food residuals. Compost Sci. Util. 2006;14:155-161. crossref(new window)

19.
Singh J, Kalamdhad AS. Concentration and speciation of heavy metals during water hyacinth composting. Bioresour. Technol. 2012;124:169-179. crossref(new window)

20.
Kuhlman LR. Windrow composting of agricultural and municipal wastes. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 1989;4:151-160.

21.
Saidi N, Kouki S, M'hiri F, et al. Microbiological parameters and maturity degree during composting of Posidonia oceanica residues mixed with vegetable wastes in semi-arid pedo- climatic condition. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 2009;21:1452-1458. crossref(new window)

22.
Nair J, Okamitsu K. Microbial inoculants for small scale composting of putrescible kitchen wastes. Waste Manag. 2010;30:977-982. crossref(new window)

23.
Kalamdhad AS, Singh YK, Ali M, Khwairakpam M, Kazmi AA. Rotary drum composting of vegetable waste and tree leaves. Bioresour. Technol. 2009;100:6442-6450. crossref(new window)

24.
Wang P, Changa CM, Watson ME, Dick WA, Chen Y, Hoitink HA. Maturity indices for composted dairy and pig manures, Soil Biol. Biochem. 2004;36:767-776. crossref(new window)

25.
Amner W, McCarthy AJ, Edwards C. Quantitative assessment of factors affecting the recovery of indigenous and released thermophilic bacteria from compost. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1988;54:3107-3112.

26.
Tchobanoglous G, Theisen, H, Vigil SA. Integrated solid waste management: engineering principles and management issues. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1993.

27.
Ishii K, Fukui M, Takii S. Microbial succession during a composting process as evaluated by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2000;89:768-777. crossref(new window)

28.
Mustin M. Le compost: gestion de la matiere organique [Management of compost as organic matter]. Paris: Francois DUBUSC Edition; 1987.

29.
Kalamdhad AS, Kazmi AA. Effects of C/N ratio on mixed organic waste composting in a rotary drum composter. Int. J. Environ. Eng. 2009;4:187-207.