Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2014.19.2.145
Title & Authors
Efficacy of Three Different Plant Species for Arsenic Phytoextraction from Hydroponic System Tiwari, Sarita; Sarangi, Bijaya Ketan; Pandey, Ram Avatar;
Arsenic (As) is one of the heavy metals which causes acute bio-toxicity even at low concentration and has disastrous effect on environment. In some countries, As contamination has become alarming and increasing day by day as consequences of unsustainable management practices. Many existing physical, chemical and biological processes for As removal from water system are not feasible due to techno-economic limitations. The present study highlights the scope of biological strategy for As removal through phytoextraction. Arsenic uptake and accumulation in the biomass of three plant species and their As tolerance abilities have been investigated to develop an efficient phytoextraction system in combination of these plant species. Three non-crop plant species, Pteris vittata; Mimosa pudica, and Eichhornia crassipus were treated with 0-200 mg/L As in liquid nutrient solution for 14 days. P. vittata accumulated total 9,082.2 mg (8,223 mg in fronds) As/kg biomass and Eichhornia total 6,969 mg (4,517 mg in fronds)/kg biomass at 200 mg/L As concentration, respectively. Bioaccumulation factor (BF) and translocation factor (TF) were estimated to differentiate between excluders, accumulators and accumulation in above ground biomass. Pteris and Eichhornia have highest BF (67 and 17) and TF (64 and 3), respectively. In contrast, Mimosa accumulated up to 174 mg As/kg plant biomass which is low in comparison with other two plants, and both BF and TF were . This study reveals that Pteris and Eichhornia are As hyperaccumulator, and potential candidates for As removal from water system.
Synthesis of some novel adsorbents for antimicrobial activity and removal of arsenic from drinking water, Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2015, 32, 4, 661
A microcosm investigation of fe (iron) removal using macrophytes of ramsar lake: A phytoremediation approach, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2016, 18, 12, 1231
Chiban M, Zerbet M, Carja G, Sinan F. Application of low-cost adsorbents for arsenic removal: a review. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol. 2012;4:91-102.
Katsoyiannis IA, Zouboulis AI. Application of biological processes for the removal of arsenic from groundwaters. Water Res. 2004;38:17-26.
Tseng CH, Tseng CP, Chiou HY, Hsueh YM, Chong CK, Chen CJ. Epidemiologic evidence of diabetogenic effect of arsenic. Toxicol. Lett. 2002;133:69-76.
Panda SK, Upadhyay RK, Nath S. Arsenic Stress in Plants. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 2010;196:161-174.
Bagchi S. Arsenic threat reaching global dimensions. CMAJ 2007;177:1344-1345.
Winkel LH, Pham TK, Vi ML, et al. Arsenic pollution of groundwater in Vietnam exacerbated by deep aquifer exploitation for more than a century. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2011;108:1246-1251.
van Lis R, Nitschke W, Duval S, Schoepp-Cothenet B. Arsenics as bioenergetics substrates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2013;1827:176-188.
Pal S, Patra A, Reza S, Wildi W, Pote J. Use of bio-resources for remediation of soil pollution. Nat. Resour. 2010;1:110-125.
Schmoger ME, Oven M, Grill E. Detoxification of arsenic by phytochelatins in plants. Plant Physiol. 2000;122:793-801.
Watts RJ. Hazardous wastes: sources, pathways, receptors. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1998.
Pickering IJ, Prince RC, George MJ, Smith RD, George GN, Salt DE. Reduction and coordination of arsenic in Indian mustard. Plant Physiol. 2000;122:1171-1177.
Zhao FJ, McGrath SP, Meharg AA. Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2010;61:535-559.
Mulligan CN, Yong RN, Gibbs BF. Remediation technologies for metal-contaminated soils and groundwater: an evaluation. Eng. Geol. 2001;60:193-207.
Malik AH, Khan ZM, Mahmood Q, Nasreen S, Bhatti ZA. Perspectives of low cost arsenic remediation of drinking water in Pakistan and other countries. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;168:1-12..
Sridhar BB, Han FX, Diehl SV, Monts DL, Su Y. Effect of phytoaccumulation of arsenic and chromium on structural and ultrastructural changes of brake fern (Pteris vittata). Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 2011;23:285-293.
Chandra Sekhar K, Kamala CT, Chary NS, Balaram V, Garcia G. Potential of Hemidesmus indicus for phytoextraction of lead from industrially contaminated soils. Chemosphere 2005;58:507-514.
Fischerova Z, Tlustos P, Jirina Szakova, Kornelie Sichorova. A comparison of phytoremediation capability of selected plant species for given trace elements. Environ. Pollut. 2006;144:93-100.
Kramer U. Metal hyperaccumulation in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2010;61:517-534.
Hernandez-Allica J, Becerril JM, Garbisu C. Assessment of the phytoextraction potential of high biomass crop plants. Environ. Pollut. 2008;152:32-40.
Ebbs SD, Lasat MM, Brady DJ, Cornish J, Gordon R, Kochian LV. Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from a contaminated soil. J. Environ. Qual. 1997;26:1424-1430.
Ebbs SD, Kochian LV. Toxicity of zinc and copper to brassica species: implications for phytoremediation. J. Environ. Qual. 1997;26:776-781.
Ebbs SD, Kochian LV. Phytoextraction of zinc by oat (Avena sativa), barley (Hordeum vulgare), and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Environ. Sci. Technol. 1998;32:802-806.
Maine MA, Duarte MV, Sune NL. Cadmium uptake by floating macrophytes. Water Res. 2001;35:2629-2634.
Chua H. Bio-accumulation of environmental residues of rare earth elements in aquatic flora Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms in Guangdong Province of China. Sci. Total Environ. 1998;214:79-85.
So LM, Chu LM, Wong PK. Microbial enhancement of Cu2+ removal capacity of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.). Chemosphere 2003;52:1499-1503.
Ma LQ, Komar KM, Tu C, Zhang W, Cai Y, Kennelley ED. A fern that hyperaccumulates arsenic: a hardy, versatile, fast-growing plant helps to remove arsenic from contaminated soils. Nature 2001;409:579.
Rascio N, Navari-Izzo F. Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: how and why do they do it? And what makes them so interesting? Plant Sci. 2011;180:169-181.
Meharg AA. Variation in arsenic accumulation: hyperaccumulation in ferns and their allies. New Phytol. 2003;157:25-31.
Kumar PB, Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin I. Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1995;29:1232-1238.
Hoagland DR, Arnon DI. The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. Berkeley: University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experimental Station; 1938.
Chen WM, Wu CH, James EK, Chang JS. Metal biosorption capability of Cupriavidus taiwanensis and its effects on heavy metal removal by nodulated Mimosa pudica. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008;151:364-371.
Ashraf M.A, Maah MJ, Yusoff I. Assessment of phytoextraction efficiency of naturally grown plant species at the former tin mining catchment. Fresenius Environ. Bull. 2012;21:523-533.
Alvarado S, Guedez M, Lue-Meru MP, et al. Arsenic removal from waters by bioremediation with the aquatic plants Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and Lesser Duckweed (Lemna minor). Bioresour. Technol. 2008;99:8436-8440.
Zhao FJ, Ma JF, Meharg AA, McGrath SP. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytol. 2009;181:777-794.