Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2014.S1.003
Title & Authors
Comparison of Solid Waste Stabilization and Methane Emission from Anaerobic and Semi-Aerobic Landfills Operated in Tropical Condition Sutthasil, Noppharit; Chiemchaisri, Chart; Chiemchaisri, Wilai; Wangyao, Komsilp; Towprayoon, Sirintornthep; Endo, Kazuto; Yamada, Masato;
Leachate quality and methane emission from pilot-scale lysimeters operated under semi-aerobic and anaerobic conditions were monitored for 650 days. Two semi-aerobic lysimeters were filled with un-compacted and compacted municipal solid wastes whereas two anaerobic lysimeters containing compacted wastes were operated with leachate storage at 50% and 100% of waste height, respectively. Despite having high moisture in wastes and operating under tropical rainfall events, leachate stabilization in semi-aerobic lysimeters took place much faster resulting in BOD reduction by 90% within 60 days, significantly shorter than 180-210 days observed in anaerobic lysimeters. Nitrogen concentration in leachate from semi-aerobic lysimeter could be reduced by 90%. In term of gas emission, semi-aerobic lysimeter with un-compacted wastes had much lower methane emission rate of compare to anaerobic lysimeters () through seasonal fluctuation was observed. Nevertheless, semi-aerobic lysimeter with waste compaction has similar performance to anaerobic lysimeter.
Booker T, Ham R. Stabilization of solid waste in landfills. J. Environ. Eng. 1982:26:1089-1100.
Huang Q, Yang Y, Pang X, Wang Q. Evolution on qualities of leachate and landfill gas in the semi-aerobic landfill. J. Environ. Sci. 2008:20:499-504.
Hanashima M. Pollution control and stabilization process by semi-aerobic landfill type: the Fukuoka method. In: SARDINIA 99: Proceedings of the Seventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium; 1999 Oct 4-8; Cagliari, Italy. p. 313-326.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. Hamaya: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies; 2006.
Kim HJ, Yoshida H, Matsuto T, Tojo Y, Matsuo T. Air and landfill gas movement through passive gas vents installed in closed landfills. Waste Manag. 2010;30:465-472.
Read AD, Hudgins M, Phillips P. Aerobic landfill test cells and their implications for sustainable waste disposal. Geogr. J. 2001;167:235-247.
Huo SL, Xi BD, Yu HC, Fan SL, Jing S, Liu HL. In situ simultaneous organics and nitrogen removal from recycled landfill leachate using an anaerobic-aerobic process. Bioresour. Technol. 2008:99:6456-6463.
Aziz SQ, Aziz HA, Yusoff MS, Bashir MJ, Umar M. Leachate characterization in semi-aerobic and anaerobic sanitary landfills: a comparative study. J. Environ. Manag. 2010;91:2608-2614.
Chong TL, Matsufuji Y, Hassan MN. Implementation of the semi-aerobic landfill system (Fukuoka method) in developing countries: a Malaysia cost analysis. Waste Manag. 2005;25:702-711.
Dong L, Wang Q, Li H, Huang SH. The research of acceleration for stabilization in the landfill site. China Environ. Sci. 2000; 20:461-464.
Ritzkowski M, Stegmann R. Landfill aeration worldwide: concepts, indications and findings. Waste Manag. 2012;32:1411-1419.
Trankler J, Visvanathan C, Kuruparan P, Tubtimthai O. Influence of tropical seasonal variations on landfill leachate characteristics--results from lysimeter studies. Waste Manag. 2005;25:1013-1020.
ASTM International. Standard test method for determination of the composition of unprocessed municipal solid waste. West Conshohocken: ASTM International; 2003. ASTM D5231-92:2003.
Chiemchaisri C, Chiemchaisri W, Sittichoktam S, Tantichantakarun T. Application of partially submerged bioreactor landfill for leachate management in the tropics. Int. J. Environ. Waste Manag. 2009:3:78-90.
Clesceri LS, Greenberg AE, Eaton AD. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 20th ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; 1999.
Benson CH, Barlaz MA, Lane DT, Rawe JM. Practice review of five bioreactor/recirculation landfills. Waste Manag. 2007;27:13-29.
Tang P, Zhao Y, Liu D. A laboratory study on stabilization criteria of semi-aerobic landfill. Waste Manag. Res. 2008;26:566-572.
Sun Y, Sun X, Zhao Y. Comparison of semi-aerobic and anaerobic degradation of refuse with recirculation after leachate treatment by aged refuse bioreactor. Waste Manag. 2011;31:1202-1209.
Erses AS, Onay TT, Yenigun O. Comparison of aerobic and anaerobic degradation of municipal solid waste in bioreactor landfills. Bioresour. Technol. 2008;99:5418-54 26.
Zhang Y, Yue D, Nie Y. Greenhouse gas emissions from two-stage landfilling of municipal solid waste. Atmos. Environ. 2012:55:139-143.
Valencia R, van der Zon W, Woelders H, Lubberding HJ, Gijzen HJ. Achieving "Final Storage Quality" of municipal solid waste in pilot scale bioreactor landfills. Waste Manag. 2009;29:78-85.
Carter MS. Contribution of nitrification and denitrification to N2O emissions from urine patches. Soil Biol. Biochem. 2007:39:2091-2102.
He P, Yang N, Gu H, Zhang H, Shao L. $N_2O$ and $NH_3$ emissions from a bioreactor landfill operated under limited aerobic degradation conditions. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 2011;23:1011-1019.
van Niftrik LA, Fuerst JA, Sinninghe Damste JS, Kuenen JG, Jetten MS, Strous M. The anammoxosome: an intracytoplasmic compartment in anammox bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 2004;233:7-13.