Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Anaerobic Hydrogen Fermentation and Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) for Decentralized Sanitation and Reuse-Organic Removal and Resource Recovery
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 19, Issue 4,  2014, pp.387-393
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2014.S2.001
 Title & Authors
Anaerobic Hydrogen Fermentation and Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) for Decentralized Sanitation and Reuse-Organic Removal and Resource Recovery
Paudel, Sachin; Seong, Chung Yeol; Park, Da Rang; Seo, Gyu Tae;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate integrated anaerobic hydrogen fermentation and membrane bioreactor (MBR) for on-site domestic wastewater treatment and resource recovery. A synthetic wastewater (COD 17,000 mg/L) was used as artificial brown water which will be discharged from urine diversion toilet and fed into a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) type anaerobic reactor with inclined plate. The effluent of anaerobic reactor mixed with real household grey water (COD 700 mg/L) was further treated by MBR for reuse. An optimum condition maintained in anaerobic reactor was HRT of 8 hrs, pH 5.5, SRT of 5 days and temperature of . COD removal of 98% was achieved from the overall system. Total gas production rate and hydrogen content was 4.6 L/day and 52.4% respectively. COD mass balance described the COD distribution in the system via reactor byproducts and effluent COD concentration. The results of this study asserts that, anaerobic hydrogen fermentation combined with MBR is a potent system in stabilizing waste strength and clean hydrogen recovery which could be implemented for onsite domestic wastewater treatment and reuse.
Anaerobic hydrogen fermentation;Energy recovery;Decentralized treatment;Membrane bioreactors;Organic removal;Water reuse;
 Cited by
Ryabstev AD, Ktosupalo NP, Titarenko VI, et al. Development of two stage electrodialysis set-up for economic desalination of sea-type artesian and surface waters. Desalination 2001;137:207-214. crossref(new window)

Hawkes FR, Forsey H, Premier GC, et al. Fermentative production of hydrogen from a wheat flour industry co-product. Bioresour. Technol. 2008;99:5020-5029. crossref(new window)

Eriksson E, Affuarth K, Henze M., Ledin A. Characteristics of grey wastewater. Urban Water 2002;4:85-104. crossref(new window)

Fangyue L, Wichmann K, Otterpohl R. Review of the technological approaches for grey water treatment and reuses. Sci. Total Environ. 2009;3439-3449.

Tchobanoglous G, Burton L. Wastewater engineering: Treatment disposal reuse. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1991.

Lens P, Zeeman G, Lettinga G. Decentralized sanitation and reuse: Concepts, systems and implementation. Integrated Environmental Technology Series. London: IWA Publishing; 2001. p. 335-363.

Lettinga G. Digestion and Degradation, air for life. Water Sci. Technol. 2001;44:157-176.

Bogte JJ, Breure AM, van Andel JG, Lettinga G. Anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater in small scale UASB reactors. Water Sci. Technol. 1993;27:75-82. crossref(new window)

van lier JB, Zeeman G, Huibers F. Anaerobic (pre-) treatment for the decentralized reclaimation of domestic wastewater, simulating agricultural reuse. In: Proceedings 7th Latin American Workshop on Anaerobic Digestion; 2002 Oct 22-25; Mexico. p. 523-541.

Mohan SV. Fermentative hydrogen production with simultaneous wastewater treatment: influence of pretreatment and system operating conditions. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 2008;67:950-961.

Rajagopal R, Lim JW, Mao Y, Chen C-L, Wang J-Y. Anaerobic co-digestion of source segregated brown water (feces-without urine) and food waste: For Singapore context. Sci. Total Environ. 2013;443:877-886. crossref(new window)

Bailey AD, Hansford GS, Dold PL. The enhancement of upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor performance using crossflow microfiltration. Water Res. 1994;28:219-295. crossref(new window)

Davis ML, Masten SJ. Principles of Environmental Engineering and science. 2nd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill; 2009.

Lin Y-H, Zheng H-X, Juan M-L. Biohydrogen production using waste activated sludge as a substrate from fructose-processing wastewater treatment. Process Saf. Environ. 2012;90:211-230.

Kim D-H, Kim S-H, Ko I-B, Lee C-Y, Shin H-S. Start-up strategy for continous fermentative hydrogen production: Early switchover from batch to continous operation. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:1532-1541. crossref(new window)

Arooj MF, Han S-K, Kim S-H, Kim D-H, Shin H-S. Effect of HRT on ASBR converting starch into biological hydrogen. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:6509-6514. crossref(new window)

Duangmanee T, Padmasiri S, Simmons JJ, Raskin L, Sung S. Hydrogen Production by anaerobic microbial communities exposed to repeated heat treatment. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation 2002;16:823-841.

Fang HHP, Liu H. Effect of pH on hydrogen production from glucose by mixed culture. Bioresour. Technol. 2002;82:87-93. crossref(new window)

Lin C-Y, Chang R-C. Hydrogen production during the anaerobic acidogenic conversion of glucose. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 1999;74:498-500. crossref(new window)

Nakamura M, Kanbe H, Matsumoto J. Fundamental studies on hydrogen production in acid forming phase and its bacteria in anaerobic treatment process- the effect of solid retention time. Water Sci. Technol. 1993;28:81-88.

Le-Clech P, Chen V, Fane TAG. Fouling in membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment. J. Memb. Sci. 2006;284:17-53. crossref(new window)

Wang X-M, Li X-Y, Hang X. Membrane fouling in submerged membrane bioreactors(SMBR): Characterization of sludge cake and its high filtration resistance. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2007;52:439-445. crossref(new window)

U.S Environmental Protection Agency. Guidelines for water reuse. Washington DC: U.S. Agency for international development; 2004.

Korea Ministry of environment. Waterworks Statistics. 2002.

Pandey A, Shu JC, Hallenbeck P, Larroche C. Biohydrogen. Burlington: Elsevier; 2013.

Mukesh D, Kumar A. Biotreatment of industrial effluents. Oxford: Elsevier; 2005.

Nasr M.,Twafik A, Ookawara S., Suzuki M. Hydrogen production from starch wastewater using anaerobic immobilized on maghemite nanoparticle. In: Seventeenth International Water Technology conference (IWTC17); 2013 Nov 5-7; Istanbul.

De Graaff MS, Temmink H, Zeeman G, Buisman CJN. Anaerobic treatment of concentrated black water in a UASB reactor at a short HRT. Water 2010;2:101-119. crossref(new window)

Barker PS, Dold PL. Sludge production and oxygen demand in nutrient removal in activated sludge system. Water Sci. Technol. 1996;36:43-50.