JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Involvement of leaf characteristics and wettability in retaining air particulate matter from tropical plant species
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 21, Issue 2,  2016, pp.121-131
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2015.120
 Title & Authors
Involvement of leaf characteristics and wettability in retaining air particulate matter from tropical plant species
Barima, Yao Sadaiou Sabas; Angaman, Djedoux Maxime; N`gouran, Kobenan Pierre; Koffi, N`guessan Achille; Tra Bi, Fidele Zamble; Samson, Roeland;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In most African urban areas, Particulate Matters (PM) concentration exceeds by far the WHO limits. In these areas, plants can play a key role in removing particles. In this study, we evaluated three ornamental species (Jatropha interrigima, Ficus benjamina, Barleria prionitis) used in Abidjan (Ivory Coast). Leaf-encapsulated saturation isothermal remnant magnetisation (SIRM) were measured and the relationship between PM captured and leaf wettability were done. The sampling were performed at roadsides and Parks. Firstly, Leaf-encapsulated and total leaf SIRM were quantified and the wettability was determined by drop contact angles (DCA). Secondly, the relationship between leaf SIRM and wettability was found. Results showed that leaf SIRM was two to ten times higher at roadsides than in Parks. Total leaf SIRM was also higher on mature leaves in Main roads suggesting a particle accumulation in leaves over time especially in waxy species (Ficus benjamina). This species encapsulated other than 20% of total leaf SIRM. All tested species were highly-wettable ( < DCA < ). Thus, Jatropha interrigima with its leaf trichomes and F. benjamina with its leaf waxes were more wettable. A significantly positive correlation was found between wettability intensity and leaf SIRM.
 Keywords
Leaf trichome;Leaf wax;Leaf wettability;Particulate matter;Sirm;Tropical Urban City;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Yu L, Mai B, Meng X, et al. Particle-bound polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in the atmosphere of Guangzhou, China. Atmos. Environ. 2006;40:96-108. crossref(new window)

2.
Dzierzanowski K, Popek R, Gawronska H, Saebo A, Gawronski SW. Deposition of particulate matter of different size fractions on leaf surfaces and in waxes of urban forest species. Int. J. Phytoremediat. 2011;13:1037-1046. crossref(new window)

3.
Cachon BF, Firmin S, Verdin A, et al. Proinflammatory effects and oxidative stress within human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to atmospheric particulate matter (PM 2.5 and PM > 2.5) collected from Cotonou, Benin. Environ. Pollut. 2014;185:340-351. crossref(new window)

4.
Goudie AS. Desert dust and human health disorders. Environ. Int. 2014;63:101-113. crossref(new window)

5.
Dionisio Kl, Arku RE, Hughes AF, et al. Air pollution in Accra neighborhoods: spatial, socioeconomic, and temporal patterns. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010;44:2270-2276. crossref(new window)

6.
Weinstein JP, Hedges SR, Kimbrough S. Characterization and aerosol mass balance of PM2.5 and PM10 collected in Conakry, Guinea during the 2004 Harmattan period. Chemosphere 2010;78:980-988. crossref(new window)

7.
Dieme D, Cabral-Ndior M, Garçon G, et al. Relationship between physicochemical characterization and toxicity of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) collected in Dakar city (Senegal). Environ. Res. 2012;113:1-13. crossref(new window)

8.
Goncalves C, Alves C, Nunes T, et al. Organic characterisation of PM10 in Cape Verde under Saharan dust influxes. Atmos. Environ. 2014;89:425-432. crossref(new window)

9.
WHO. Global update 2005. Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2006.

10.
Fowler D, Cape JN, Unsworth MH. Deposition of atmospheric pollutants on forests. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 1989;324:247-265. crossref(new window)

11.
McDonald AG, Bealey WJ, Fowler D, et al. Quantifying the effect of urban tree planting on concentrations and depositions of PM10 in two UK conurbations. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:8455-8467. crossref(new window)

12.
Barima YSS, Angaman DM, N'Gouran KP, et al. Assessing atmospheric particulate matter distribution based on Saturation Isothermal Remanent Magnetization of herbaceous and tree leaves in a tropical urban environment. Sci. Total Environ. 2014;470-471:975-982. crossref(new window)

13.
Smith WH, Staskawicz BJ. Removal of atmospheric particles by leaves and twigs of urban trees: Some preliminary observations and assessment of research needs. Environ. Manage. 1977;1:317-330. crossref(new window)

14.
Jouraeva VA, Johnson DL, Hassett JP, Nowak DJ. Differences in accumulation of PAHs and metals on the leaves of Tilia $\times$ euchlora and Pyrus calleryana. Environ. Pollut. 2002;120: 331-338. crossref(new window)

15.
Power AL, Worsley AT, Booth C. Magneto-biomonitoring of intra-urban spatial variations of particulate matter using tree leaves. Environ. Geochem. Health 2009;31:315-325. crossref(new window)

16.
Mitchell R, Maher BA, Kinnersley R. Rates of particulate pollution deposition onto leaf surfaces: Temporal and inter-species magnetic analyses. Environ. Pollut. 2010;158:1472-1478. crossref(new window)

17.
Kardel F, Wuyts K, Maher BA, Hansard R, Samson R. Leaf saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM) as a proxy for particulate matter monitoring: Inter-species differences and in-season variation. Atmos. Environ. 2011;45:5164-5171. crossref(new window)

18.
Huber L, Gillespie TJ. Modeling Leaf Wetness in Relation to Plant Disease Epidemiology. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 1992;30: 553-577. crossref(new window)

19.
Hanba YT, Moriya A, Kimura K. Effect of leaf surface wetness and wettability on photosynthesis in bean and pea. Plant Cell Environ. 2004;27:413-421. crossref(new window)

20.
Holder CD. The relationship between leaf hydrophobicity, water droplet retention, and leaf angle of common species in a semi-arid region of the western United States. Agric. For. Meteorol. 2012;152:11-16. crossref(new window)

21.
Neinhuis C, Barthlott W. Seasonal changes of leaf surface contamination in beech, oak, and ginkgo in relation to leaf micromorphology and wettability. New Phytol. 1998;138:91-98. crossref(new window)

22.
Wichink Kruit RJ, Jacobs AFG, Holtslag AAM. Measurements and estimates of leaf wetness over agricultural grassland for dry deposition modeling of trace gases. Atmos. Environ. 2008;42:5304-5316. crossref(new window)

23.
Mundo C, Sommerfeld M, Tropea C. Droplet-wall collisions: experimental studies of the deformation and breakup process. Int. J. Multiphas. Flow 1995;21:151-173. crossref(new window)

24.
Wagner P, Fürstner R, Barthlott W, Neinhuis C. Quantitative assessment to the structural basis of water repellency in natural and technical surfaces. J. Exp. Bot. 2003;54:1295-1303. crossref(new window)

25.
Kardel F, Wuyts K, Babanezhad M, Wuytacka T, Adriaenssens S, Samson R. Tree leaf wettability as passive bio-indicator of urban habitat quality. Environ. Exp. Bot. 2012;75:277-285. crossref(new window)

26.
UNEP. Opening the Door to Cleaner Vehicles in Developing and Transition Countries: The Role of Lower Sulphur Fuels. Report of the Sulphur Working Group of the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Program; 2006.

27.
Matzka J, Maher BA. Magnetic biomonitoring of roadside tree leaves: identification of spatial and temporal variations in vehicle-derived particulates. Atmos. Environ. 1999;33:4565-4569. crossref(new window)

28.
Holloway PJ. The effects of superficial wax on leaf wettability. Ann. Appl. Biol. 1969;63:145-153. crossref(new window)

29.
Aryal B, Neuner G. Leaf wettability decreases along an extreme altitudinal gradient. Oecologia 2010;162:19.

30.
Crisp DJ. Waterproofing in animals and plants. In Waterproofing and water-repellency, Eds. J. L. Moilliet. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1963. p. 416-481.

31.
Smith WK, McClean TM. Adaptive relationship between leaf water repellency, stomatal distribution, and gas exchange. Am. J. Bot. 1989;76:465-469. crossref(new window)

32.
Yoshimitsu Z, Nakajima A, Watanable T, Hashimoto K, 2002. Effects of surface structure on the hydrophobicity and sliding behavior of water droplets. Langmuir 2002;18:5818-5822. crossref(new window)

33.
Weijers EP, Khlystov AY, Kos GPA, Erisman JW. Variability of particulate matter concentrations along roads and motorways determined by a moving measurement unit. Atmos. Environ. 2004;38:2993-3002. crossref(new window)

34.
Serbula SM, Antonijevic MM, Milosevic NM, Milic SM, Ilic AA. Concentrations of particulate matter and arsenic in Bor (Serbia). J. Hazard. Mater. 2010;181:43-51. crossref(new window)

35.
Hofman J, Lefebvre W, Janssen S, et al. Increasing the spatial resolution of air quality assessments in urban areas: A comparison of biomagnetic monitoring and urban scale modelling. Atmos. Environ. 2014;92:130-140. crossref(new window)

36.
Bukowiecki N, Lienemann P, Hill M, et al. PM10 emission factors for non- exhaust particles generated by road traffic in an urban street canyon and along a freeway in Switzerland. Atmos. Environ. 2010;44:2330-2340. crossref(new window)

37.
Cavanagh JAE, Zawar-Reza P, Wilson JG. Spatial attenuation of ambient particulate matter air pollution within an urbanised native forest patch. Urban For. Urban Greening 2009;8:21-30. crossref(new window)

38.
Mitchell R, Maher BA. Evaluation and application of biomagnetic monitoring of traffic-derived particulate pollution. Atmos. Environ. 2009;43:2095-2103. crossref(new window)

39.
Dias D, Tchepel O, Carvalho A, Miranda AI, Borrego C. Particulate matter and health risk under a changing climate: assessment for Portugal. Scientific World Journal 2012:1-10.

40.
Koffi NA, Barima YSS, Angaman DM, Dongui BK. Stomatal leaf characteristics of Ficus benjamina L. as potential bioindicators of air quality in the Abidjan city (Côte d'Ivoire). J. Appl. Biosci. 2014;78:6675-6684. crossref(new window)

41.
Rodriiguez-Germade I, Mohamed KJ, Rey D, Rubio BN, Garciia Al. The influence of weather and climate on the reliability of magnetic properties of tree leaves as proxies for air pollution monitoring. Sci. Total Environ. 2014;468-469:892-902. crossref(new window)

42.
Hofman J, Wuyts K, Van Wittenberghe S, Brackx M, Samson R. On the link between biomagnetic monitoring and leaf-deposited dust load of urban trees: Relationships and spatial variability of different particle size fractions. Environ. Pollut. 2014b;189:63-72. crossref(new window)

43.
Freer-Smith PH, Holloway S, Goodman A. The uptake of particulates by an urban woodland: site description and particulate composition. Environ. Pollut. 1997;95:27-35. crossref(new window)

44.
Freer-Smith PH, El-Khatib AA, Taylor G. Capture of particulate pollution by trees: a comparison of species typical of semi-arid areas (Ficus nitida and Eucalyptus globulus) with European and North American species. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2004;155:173-187. crossref(new window)

45.
Wang H, Shi H, Li Y, Yu Y, Zhang J. Seasonal variations in leaf capturing of particulate matter, surface wettability and micromorphology in urban tree species. Front. Environ. Sci. En. 2013;7:579-588. crossref(new window)

46.
Lehndorff E, Urbat M, Schwark L. Accumulation histories of magnetic particles on pine needles as function of air quality. Atmos. Environ. 2006;40:7082-7096. crossref(new window)

47.
Terzaghi E, Wild E, Zacchello G, Cerabolini BEL, Jones KC, Di Guardo A. Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. Atmos. Environ. 2013;74:378-384. crossref(new window)

48.
Sagnotti L, Winkler A. On the magnetic characterization and quantification of the superparamagnetic fraction of traffic-related urban airborne PM in Rome, Italy. Atmos. Environ. 2012;59:131-140. crossref(new window)

49.
Burkhardt J, Pariyar S. Particulate pollutants are capable to 'degrade' epicuticular waxes and to decrease the drought tolerance of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Environ. Pollut. 2014;184:659-667. crossref(new window)

50.
Przybysz A, Saebo A, Hanslin HM, Gawronski SW. Accumulation of particulate matter and trace elements on vegetation as affected by pollution level, rainfall and the passage of time. Sci. Total Environ. 2014;481:360-369. crossref(new window)

51.
Baker EA, Hunt GM. Erosion of waxes from leaf surfaces by simulated rain. New Phytol. 1986;102:161-173. crossref(new window)

52.
Cape JN, Sheppard LJ, Binnie J. Leaf surface properties of Norway spruce needles exposed to sulphur dioxide and ozone in an open-air fumigation system at Liphook. Plant Cell Environ. 1995;18:285-289. crossref(new window)

53.
Barnes JD, Brown KA. The influence of ozone and acid mist on the amount and wettability of the surface waxes in Norway Spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst]. New Phytol. 1990;114:531-535. crossref(new window)

54.
Khavaninzadeh AR, Veroustraete F, Buytaert JAN, Samson R. Leaf injury symptoms of Tilia sp. as an indicator of urban habitat quality. Ecological Indicators 2014;41:58-64. crossref(new window)

55.
Lindberg SE, Harriss R. The role of atmospheric deposition in an eastern U.S. deciduous forest. Water Air Soil Pollut. 1981;16:13-31. crossref(new window)

56.
Bradley DJ, Gilbert GS, Parker IM. Susceptibility of clover species to fungal infection: the interaction of leaf surface traits and environment. Am. J. Bot. 2003;90:857-864. crossref(new window)

57.
Sase H, Takahashi A, Sato M, Kobayashi H, Nakata M, Totsuka T. Seasonal variation in the atmospheric deposition of inorganic constituents and canopy interactions in a Japanese cedar forest. Environ. Pollut. 2008;152:1-10. crossref(new window)

58.
Koch K, Bohn HF, Barthlott W. Hierarchically sculptured plant surfaces and superhydrophobicity. Langmuir. 2009;25:14116-14120. crossref(new window)