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In vitro Antibacterial and Synergistic Activity of an Ecklonia cava Extract against Anti biotic-Resistant Streptococcus parauberis
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  • Journal title : Fisheries and aquatic sciences
  • Volume 18, Issue 3,  2015, pp.241-247
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
  • DOI : 10.5657/FAS.2015.0241
 Title & Authors
In vitro Antibacterial and Synergistic Activity of an Ecklonia cava Extract against Anti biotic-Resistant Streptococcus parauberis
Eom, Sung-Hwan; Santos, Jeniel A.; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Jung, Won-Kyo; Kim, Do-Hyung; Kim, Young-Mog;
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 Abstract
In an effort to discover alternative phytotherapeutic antimicrobial agents to combat Streptococcus parauberis, a fish pathogenic bacterium, we evaluated the antibacterial activity of seaweed extracts in vitro. A methanolic extract of Ecklonia cava exhibited strong antibacterial activity against S. parauberis isolated from olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Furthermore, the n-hexane soluble (Hexane) fraction of the E. cava methanolic extract exhibited the greatest antibacterial effect on S. parauberis strains with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranging from 256 to . In addition, the MIC values of oxytetracycline against antibiotic-resistant S. parauberis were markedly reduced up to 64-fold in combination with the Hexane fraction, suggesting that the antibacterial activity of the antibiotic was restored when combined with the Hexane fraction. The interaction between both antibiotics and the Hexane fraction was assessed by the fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index. The Hexane fraction and oxytetracycline combination against antibiotic-resistant S. parauberis strains resulted in a median range of 0.502 to 0.516. Thus, the synergistic ranges of median < 1 were observed for all combinations of the Hexane fraction and oxytetracycline against S. parauberis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report indicating the efficacy of an E. cava extract against fish pathogenic bacterium S. parauberis.
 Keywords
Antibiotic resistance;Ecklonia cava;Fish pathogen;Streptococcus parauberis;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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