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Dietary Sulfur Amino Acids Can Spare Taurine in Rock Bream Oplegnathus fasciatus
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  • Journal title : Fisheries and aquatic sciences
  • Volume 18, Issue 3,  2015, pp.249-255
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
  • DOI : 10.5657/FAS.2015.0249
 Title & Authors
Dietary Sulfur Amino Acids Can Spare Taurine in Rock Bream Oplegnathus fasciatus
Ferreira, Fernando Magalhaes; Yun, Hyeonho; Park, Youngjin; Lee, Seunghan; Park, Gunhyun; Bai, Sungchul C.;
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An 8 week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate whether methionine and cysteine would effectively spare taurine supplementation on growth performance in juvenile rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus. Triplicate groups of 25 fish averaging () were fed one of the experimental diets. Five experimental diets including a fish meal based control diet were prepared by adding sulfur amino acid at fixed level of 1.0% and taurine at graded levels of 0%, 0.25%, 0.5% and 1.0% (, , and , respectively). After the feeding trial, growth performance of fish fed the , and diets were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of fish fed the Control diet. ANOVA test suggested that when sulfur amino acid were supplemented to the diets, the optimum taurine supplementation level could be 0.25% in the diet, and broken line analysis of weight gain indicated a level of 0.33%, for positive effects on growth and feed utilization. Fish whole-body protein content and taurine concentration steadily increased with the increase of dietary level in the presence of sulfur amino acid in the diets. On the other hand, whole-body lipid content significantly decreased with the incremental levels of dietary taurine. In conclusion, the results of the present study clearly indicated that dietary supplementation of methionine and cysteine at a level of 1% could spare 0.25 to 0.33% of taurine in juvenile O. fasciatus diets.
Taurine;Sulfur amino acid;Methionine;Cysteine;Rock bream;Oplegnathus fasciatus;
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