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The Molecular Profiling of a Teleostan Counterpart of Follistatin, Identified from Rock Bream Oplegnathus fasciatus which Reveals its Transcriptional Responses against Pathogenic Stress
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  • Journal title : Fisheries and aquatic sciences
  • Volume 18, Issue 3,  2015, pp.273-281
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
  • DOI : 10.5657/FAS.2015.0273
 Title & Authors
The Molecular Profiling of a Teleostan Counterpart of Follistatin, Identified from Rock Bream Oplegnathus fasciatus which Reveals its Transcriptional Responses against Pathogenic Stress
Herath, H.M.L.P.B; Priyathilaka, Thanthrige Thiunuwan; Elvitigala, Don Anushka Sandaruwan; Umasuthan, Navaneethaiyer; Lee, Jehee;
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 Abstract
The follistatin (FST) gene encodes a monomeric glycoprotein that plays a role in binding and inhibiting the functions of members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)- superfamily. Thus, FST facilitates a wide variety of functions, ranging from muscle growth, to inflammation and immunity. In this study, we sought to characterize an FST counterpart, RbFST, which was identified from rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus. The RbFST cDNA sequence (2,419 bp) contains a 933-bp open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a putative amino acid sequence for RbFST (35 kDa). The putative amino acid sequence contains a Kazal-type serine protease inhibitor domain (51-98 residues) and an EF-hand, calcium-binding domain (191-226 residues). Additionally, this sequence shares a high identity (98.7%) with the Siniperca chuatsi FST sequence, with which it also has the closest evolutionary relationship according to a phylogenetic study. Omnipresent distribution of RbFST transcripts were detected in the gill, liver, spleen, head kidney, kidney, skin, muscle, heart, brain, and intestine of healthy animals, with significantly higher expression levels in the heart, followed by the liver tissue. Under pathogenic stress caused by two bacterial pathogens, Streptococcus iniae and Edwardsiella tarda, RbFST transcription was found to be significantly up-regulated. Altogether, our findings suggest the putative role of RbFST in immune related responses against pathogenic infections, further prefiguring its significance in rock bream physiology.
 Keywords
Oplegnathus fasciatus;Rock bream;Follistatin;Tissue distribution;Immune challenge;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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