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Heavy Metal Contamination in Surface Water Used for Irrigation: Functional Assessment of the Turag River in Bangladesh
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 Title & Authors
Heavy Metal Contamination in Surface Water Used for Irrigation: Functional Assessment of the Turag River in Bangladesh
Arefin, M. Taufique; Rahman, M. Mokhlesur; Wahid-U-Zzaman, M.; Kim, Jang-Eok;
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 Abstract
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of metal contamination of the Turag River water and its suitability for irrigation. Twenty water samples were analyzed for physicochemical parameters and metals viz., calcium, magnesium, potassium (K), sodium, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni). All water samples were slightly alkaline to alkaline. Regarding electrical conductivity (EC), all samples were suitable for crop in soils with moderate permeability and leaching. Water samples were medium salinity and low alkalinity hazard classes. In terms of total dissolved solids (TDS), all samples were classified as freshwater. As per sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and soluble sodium percentage (SSP), all samples were classified as excellent. No residual sodium carbonate (RSC) was detected in any of the samples, indicating suitability for irrigation; and all samples were considered very hard. Cr and Mn contents in all samples were above FAO guideline values and, therefore, these metals were considered toxic. Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, and Ni concentrations were below acceptable limit for irrigation and do not pose a threat to soil environment. Significant relationships were found between EC and TDS, SAR and SSP, SAR and RSC, and SSP and RSC. The combinations of ions such as K-Zn, K-Fe, K-Cu, K-Mn, K-Pb, Zn-Fe, Zn-Cu, Zn-Mn, Fe-Mn, Cu-Mn, Cu-Pb and Mn-Pb exhibited significant correlation. This study revealed that Turag River water samples are contaminated with Cr and Mn. This fact should not be ignored because water contamination by metals may pose a threat to human health through food chain.
 Keywords
contamination;heavy metal;irrigation;surface water;Turag River;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Appraisal of heavy metal status in water for irrigation usage of the Bangshi River, Bangladesh,;;;;

Applied Biological Chemistry, 2016. vol.59. 5, pp.729-737 crossref(new window)
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