Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Heavy Metal Contamination in Surface Water Used for Irrigation: Functional Assessment of the Turag River in Bangladesh
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Heavy Metal Contamination in Surface Water Used for Irrigation: Functional Assessment of the Turag River in Bangladesh
Arefin, M. Taufique; Rahman, M. Mokhlesur; Wahid-U-Zzaman, M.; Kim, Jang-Eok;
  PDF(new window)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of metal contamination of the Turag River water and its suitability for irrigation. Twenty water samples were analyzed for physicochemical parameters and metals viz., calcium, magnesium, potassium (K), sodium, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni). All water samples were slightly alkaline to alkaline. Regarding electrical conductivity (EC), all samples were suitable for crop in soils with moderate permeability and leaching. Water samples were medium salinity and low alkalinity hazard classes. In terms of total dissolved solids (TDS), all samples were classified as freshwater. As per sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and soluble sodium percentage (SSP), all samples were classified as excellent. No residual sodium carbonate (RSC) was detected in any of the samples, indicating suitability for irrigation; and all samples were considered very hard. Cr and Mn contents in all samples were above FAO guideline values and, therefore, these metals were considered toxic. Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, and Ni concentrations were below acceptable limit for irrigation and do not pose a threat to soil environment. Significant relationships were found between EC and TDS, SAR and SSP, SAR and RSC, and SSP and RSC. The combinations of ions such as K-Zn, K-Fe, K-Cu, K-Mn, K-Pb, Zn-Fe, Zn-Cu, Zn-Mn, Fe-Mn, Cu-Mn, Cu-Pb and Mn-Pb exhibited significant correlation. This study revealed that Turag River water samples are contaminated with Cr and Mn. This fact should not be ignored because water contamination by metals may pose a threat to human health through food chain.
contamination;heavy metal;irrigation;surface water;Turag River;
 Cited by
Appraisal of heavy metal status in water for irrigation usage of the Bangshi River, Bangladesh,;;;;

Applied Biological Chemistry, 2016. vol.59. 5, pp.729-737 crossref(new window)
Afrin R, Mia MY, and Akter S (2014) Investigation of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg and Fe) of the Turag River in Bangladesh. J Environ Sci Nat Resour 7, 133-6.

Ahmed MK, Ahamed S, Rahman S, Haque MR, and Islam MM (2009) Heavy metals concentration in water, sediments and their bioaccumulations in some freshwater fishes and mussel in Dhaleshwari River, Bangladesh. Terres Aqua Environ Toxicol 3, 33-41.

Ahmed MK, Islam S, Rahman S, Haque MR, and Islam MM (2010) Heavy metals in water, sediment and some fishes of Buriganga River, Bangladesh. Int J Environ Res 4, 321-32.

Alam AMS, Islam MA, Rahman MA, Siddique MN, and Matin MA (2003) Comparative study of the toxic metals and non-metal status in the major river system of Bangladesh. Dhaka Univ J Sci 51, 201-8.

APHA (2012) In Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, (22nd ed). pp. 1-30, 40-175. AWWA & WEF, USA.

Bakali B, Mia MY, and Zakir HM (2014) Water quality evaluation of Tongi area in Bangladesh: An impact of industrialization. J Chem Biol Phys Sci 4, 1735-52.

Benti G (2014) Assessment of heavy metals in vegetables irrigated with Awash River in selected farms around Adama town, Ethiopia. Afr J Environ Sci Technol 8, 428-34. crossref(new window)

Boran M and Altinok I (2010) A review of heavy metals in water, sediment and living organisms in the Black Sea. Turk J Fish Aqua Sci 10, 565-72.

Deniseger J, Erickson J, Austin A, Roch M, and Clark MJR (1990) The effects of decreasing heavy metal concentrations on the biota of Buttle Lake. Water Res 24, 403-16. crossref(new window)

Dike NI, Ezealor AU, and Oniye SJ (2004) Concentration of Pb, Cu, Fe, and Cd during the dry season in river Jakara, Kano Nigeria. Chem Cla J 1, 78-81.

Evangelou VP (1998) In Environmental Soil and Water Chemistry: Principles and Applications, pp. 478-85, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA.

FAO (1992) In Wastewater Treatment and Use in Agriculture, pp. 30−2, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 47, Italy

Ferner DJ (2001) Toxicity and heavy metals. eMed J 2, 1.

Freeze RA and Cherry JC (1979) In Groundwater, pp. 84-87, Prentice-Hall Inc., USA.

Gambrell R (1994) Trace and toxic metals in wetlands - A review. J Environ Qual 23, 883.

Gaur VK, Gupta SK, Pandey SD, Gopal K, and Misra V (2005) Distribution of heavy metals in sediment and water of river Gomti. Environ Monitor Assess 102, 419-33. crossref(new window)

Gomez KA and Gomez AA (1984) In Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, (2nd ed). pp. 442-3, A Wiley-Interscience Publication, USA.

Gupta PK (2013) In Soil, Plant, Water and Fertilizer Analysis, (2nd ed). pp. 240-64, Agrobios Agrohouse, India.

Islam MS, Ahmed MK, Raknuzzaman M, Mamun MHA, and Islam MK (2015) Heavy metal pollution in surface water and sediment: A preliminary assessment of an urban river in a developing country. Ecol Indi 48, 282-91. crossref(new window)

Islam MS, Han S, Ahmed MK, and Masunaga S (2014) Assessment of trace metal contamination in water and sediment of some rivers in Bangladesh. J Water Environ Technol 12, 109-21. crossref(new window)

Islam MZ, Noori A, Islam R, Azim MA, and Quraishi SB (2012) Assessment of the contamination of trace metal in Balu River water, Bangladesh. J Environ Chem Ecotoxicol 4, 242-9.

Khan MAI, Hossain AM, Huda ME, Islam MS, and Elahi SF (2007) Physicochemical and biological aspects of monsoon waters of Ashulia for economic and aesthetic applications: Preliminary studies. Bangladesh J Sci Ind Res 42, 377-96.

Liu WX, Shen LF, Liu JW, Wang YW, and Li SR (2007) Uptake of toxic heavy metals by rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivated in the agricultural soil near Zhengzhou city, People's Republic of China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79, 209-13. crossref(new window)

Macklin MG, Brewer PA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Bird G, Coulthard TJ, Dennis IA et al. (2006) A geomorphological approach to the management of rivers contaminated by metal mining. Geomorphology 79, 423-47. crossref(new window)

Manahan SE (2010) In Environmental Chemistry, (9th ed). pp. 207-8, CRC Press, USA.

Martin CW (2000) Heavy metal trends in floodplain sediments and valley fill, River Lahn, Germany. Catena 39, 53-68. crossref(new window)

McGowan W (2000) In Water Processing: Residential, Commercial, Light Industrial, (3rd ed). p. 309, Water Quality Association, USA.

Meghla NT, Islam MS, Ali MA, and Sultana N (2013) Assessment of physicochemical properties of water from the Turag River in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 2, 110-22.

Mohiuddin KM, Ogawa Y, Zakir HM, Otomo K, and Shikazono N (2011) Heavy metals contamination in water and sediments of an urban river in a developing country. Int J Environ Sci Technol 8, 723-36. crossref(new window)

Pendias AK and Pendias H (2000) In Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, (3rd ed). pp. 10-1, CRC Press, USA.

Phuong NM, Kang Y, Sakurai K, Iwasaki K, Kien CN, Noi NV et al. (2010) Levels and chemical forms of heavy metals in soils from Red River Delta, Vietnam. Water Air Soil Pollut 207, 319-32. crossref(new window)

Prabu PC (2009) Impact of heavy metal contamination of Akaki River of Ethiopia on soil and metal toxicity on cultivated vegetable crops. J Environ Agric Food Chem 8, 818-27.

Rabbani G and Sharif MI (2005) In Dhaka City - State of Environment, p. 40, UNEP-BCAS & DOE, Bangladesh.

Rahman MM and Zaman MW (1995) Quality assessment of river and ground waters for irrigation at Shahzadpur in Bangladesh. Progress Agric 6, 89-96.

Rahman MT, Ziku ALME, Choudhury TR, Ahmad JU, and Mottaleb MA (2015) Heavy metals contaminations in irrigated vegatables, soils, river water: A compressive study Chilmari, Kurigram, Bangladesh. Int J Environ Ecol Family Urb Stud 5, 29-42.

Reza R and Singh G (2010) Heavy metal contamination and its indexing approach for river water. Int J Environ Sci Technol 7, 785-92. crossref(new window)

Roy K, Ansari MS, Karim MR, Das R, Mallick B, and Gain AK (2015) Irrigation water quality assessment and identification of river pollution sources in Bangladesh: Implications in policy and management. J Water Resour Hydro Eng 4, 303-17. crossref(new window)

Semwal N and Jangwan JS (2009) Major ion chemistry of river Bhagirathi and river Kosi in the Uttarakhand Himalaya. Int J Chem Sci 7, 607-16.

Sin SN, Chua H, Lo W, and Ng LM (2001) Assessment of heavy metal cations in sediments of Shing Mun River, Hong Kong. Environ Int 26, 297-301. crossref(new window)

Suthar S, Nema AK, Chabukdhara M, and Gupta SK (2009) Assessment of metals in water and sediments of Hindon River, India: Impact of industrial and urban discharges. J Hazard Mater 171, 1088-95. crossref(new window)

Tareq SM, Rahaman MS, Rikta SY, Islam SMN, and Sultana MS (2013) Seasonal variations in water quality of the Ganges and Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar Univ Environ Bull 2, 71-82.

Todd DK and Mays LW (2005) In Groundwater Hydrology, (3rd ed). pp. 304-15, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA.

Uddin MN, Alam MS, Mobin MN, and Miah MA (2014) An assessment of the river water quality parameters: A case of Jamuna River. J Environ Sci Nat Resour 7, 249-56.

Wallender WW and Tanji KK (2011) In Agricultural Salinity Assessment and Management, (2nd ed). pp. 98-9, American Society of Civil Engineers, USA.

Yadav A, Yadav PK, and Shukla DN (2013) Investigation of heavy metal status in soil and vegetables grown in urban area of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Int J Sci Res 3, 1-7.

Zakir HM, Rahman MM, Rahman A, Ahmed I, and Hossain MA (2012) Heavy metals and major ionic pollution assessment in waters of midstream of the river Karatoa in Bangladesh. J Environ Sci Nat Resour 5, 149-60.

Zaman MW, Rahman MM, and Islam MJ (2002) Freshwater toxicity of the Buriganga River during monsoon and winter seasons. Bangladesh J Agric Sci 29, 165-71.