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Genetic Variation and Biological Control of Fusarium graminearum Isolated from Wheat in Assiut-Egypt
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  • Journal title : The Plant Pathology Journal
  • Volume 32, Issue 2,  2016, pp.145-156
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Plant Pathology
  • DOI : 10.5423/PPJ.OA.09.2015.0201
 Title & Authors
Genetic Variation and Biological Control of Fusarium graminearum Isolated from Wheat in Assiut-Egypt
Mahmoud, Amer F.;
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Fusarium graminearum Schwabe causes Fusarium head blight (FHB), a devastating disease that leads to extensive yield and quality loss of wheat and other cereal crops. Twelve isolates of F. graminearum were collected from naturally infected spikes of wheat from Assiut Egypt. These isolates were compared using SRAP. The results indicated distinct genetic groups exist within F. graminearum, and demonstrated that these groups have different biological properties, especially with respect to their pathogenicity on wheat. There were biologically significant differences between the groups; with group (B) isolates being more aggressive towards wheat than groups (A) and (C). Furthermore, Trichoderma harzianum (Rifai) and Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg) which isolated from wheat kernels were screened for antagonistic activity against F. graminearum. They significantly reduced the growth of F. graminearum colonies in culture. In order to gain insight into biological control effect in situ, highly antagonistic isolates of T. harzianum and B. subtilis were selected, based on their in vitro effectiveness, for greenhouse test. It was revealed that T. harzianum and B. subtilis significantly reduced FHB severity. The obtained results indicated that T. harzianum and B. subtilis are very effective biocontrol agents that offer potential benefit in FHB and should be harnessed for further biocontrol applications. The accurate analysis of genetic variation and studies of population structures have significant implications for understanding the genetic traits and disease control programs in wheat. This is the first known report of the distribution and genetic variation of F. graminearum on wheat spikes in Assiut Egypt.
Bacillus subtilis;biocontrol;FHB;Fusarium graminearum;SRAP;Trichoderma harzianum;
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