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Natural Occurrence of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Iranian Cucurbit Crops
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  • Journal title : The Plant Pathology Journal
  • Volume 32, Issue 3,  2016, pp.201-208
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Plant Pathology
  • DOI : 10.5423/PPJ.OA.10.2015.0210
 Title & Authors
Natural Occurrence of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Iranian Cucurbit Crops
Yazdani-Khameneh, Sara; Aboutorabi, Samaneh; Shoori, Majid; Aghazadeh, Azin; Jahanshahi, Parastoo; Golnaraghi, Alireza; Maleki, Mojdeh;
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 Abstract
The main areas for field-grown vegetable production in Iran were surveyed during the years of 2012-2014 to determine the occurrence of begomoviruses infecting these crops. A total of 787 leaf samples were collected from vegetables and some other host plants showing virus-like symptoms and tested by an enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using polyclonal antibodies produced against Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV). According to the ELISA results, 81 samples (10.3%) positively reacted with the virus antibodies. Begomovirus infections were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using previously described TYLCV-specific primer pair TYLCV-Sar/TYLCV-Isr or universal primer pair Begomo-F/Begomo-R. The PCR tests using the primer pair TYLCV-Sar/TYLCV-Isr resulted in the amplification of the expected fragments of ca. 0.67-kb in size for ELISA-positive samples tested from alfalfa, pepper, spinach and tomato plants, confirming the presence of TYLCV. For one melon sample, having a week reaction in ELISA and no reaction in PCR using TYLCV-specific primers, the PCR reaction using the primer pair Begomo-F/Begomo-R resulted in the amplification fragments of the expected size of ca. 2.8 kb. The nucleotide sequences of the DNA amplicons derived from the isolate, Kz-Me198, were determined and compared with other sequences available in GenBank. BLASTN analysis confirmed the begomovirus infection of the sample and showed 99% identities with Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV); phylogenetic analysis supported the results of the database searches. This study reports the natural occurrence of TYLCV in different hosts in Iran. Our results also reveal the emergence of ToLCNDV in Iranian cucurbit crops.
 Keywords
Begomovirus;phylogeny;Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus;Tomato yellow leaf curl virus;vegetables;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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