JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Synthesis and Implementation of a Multi-Port DC/DC Converter for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Power Electronics
  • Volume 15, Issue 5,  2015, pp.1178-1189
  • Publisher : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
  • DOI : 10.6113/JPE.2015.15.5.1178
 Title & Authors
Synthesis and Implementation of a Multi-Port DC/DC Converter for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Santhosh, T. K.; Natarajan, K.; Govindaraju, C.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A non-isolated Multiple Input Converter (MIC) with an input port, two storage ports and a load port is proposed. The synthesis of the proposed four port converter with its switch realization is presented. A steady state analysis of each operating mode with a small-signal model is derived, and a stability analysis is done. A mode selection controller is proposed to automatically choose a specific operating mode based on the voltage levels of the different source and storage units. In addition, a voltage control loop is used to regulate the output voltage. A 200W prototype is built with a TMS320F28027 DSP controller to test the feasibility of the operating modes. Simulation and experimental results show the ability of the proposed converter to handle multiple inputs either individually or simultaneously.
 Keywords
DSP;Hybrid Electric Vehicle;Multiple Input Converter;Stateflow model;Synthesis;Ultracapacitor;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
J. Voelcker, “Electric vehicles need more study, less emotion,” IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 50, No. 8, pp. 8-8, Aug. 2013. crossref(new window)

2.
O. Zehner, “Unclean at any speed,” IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 50, No. 7, pp. 40-45, Jul. 2013. crossref(new window)

3.
S. Saxena, A. Phadke, and A. Gopal, “Understanding the fuel savings potential from deploying hybrid cars in China,” Applied Energy, Vol. 113, pp. 1127–1133, Jan. 2014. crossref(new window)

4.
B. K. Bose, “Global energy scenario and impact of power electronics in 21st century,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 60, No. 7, pp. 2638-2651, Jul. 2013. crossref(new window)

5.
S. M. Lukic, A. Emadi, K. Rajashekara, and S. Williamson, “Topological overview of hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicular power system architectures and configurations,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 54, No. 3, pp. 763-770, May 2005. crossref(new window)

6.
A. Emadi and K. Rajashekara, “Power electronics and motor drives in electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 55, No. 6, pp. 2237-2245, Jun. 2008. crossref(new window)

7.
J. Bauman and M. Kazerani, “A comparative study of fuel-cell–battery, fuel-cell–ultracapacitor, and fuel-cell– battery–ultracapacitor vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 760-769, Mar. 2008. crossref(new window)

8.
Z. Amjadi and S. S. Williamson, “Power-electronics-based solutions for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle energy storage and management systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 608-616, Feb. 2010. crossref(new window)

9.
G. Pede, A. Iacobazzi, S. Passerini, A. Bobbio, and G. Botto, “FC vehicle hybridisation: an affordable solution for an energy-efficient FC powered drive train,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 125, No. 2, pp. 280-291, Jan. 2004. crossref(new window)

10.
W. Gao, “Performance comparison of a fuel cell-battery hybrid powertrain and a fuel cell ultracapacitor hybrid powertrain,” in Power Electronics in Transportation, pp. 143-150, 2004.

11.
H. Matsuo, W. Lin, F. Kurokawa, T. Shigemizu, and N. Watanabe, “Characteristics of the multiple-input DC– DC converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 625-631, Jun. 2004. crossref(new window)

12.
W. Qian, H. Cha, F. Z. Peng, and L. M. Tolbert, “55-kW variable 3X DC-DC converter for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 1668-1678, Apr. 2012. crossref(new window)

13.
W. Jiang and B. Fahimi, “Multiport power electronic interface – Concept, modeling, and design,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 26, No. 7, pp. 1890-1900, Jul. 2011. crossref(new window)

14.
Z. Du, B. Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, and J. N. Chiasson, “DC–AC cascaded H-Bridge multilevel boost inverter with no inductors for electric/hybrid electric vehicle applications,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 963-970, May/Jun. 2009. crossref(new window)

15.
Y.-J. Lee, A. Khaligh, and A. Emadi, “Advanced integrated bidirectional AC/DC and DC/DC converter for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 58, No. 8, pp. 3970-3980, Oct. 2009. crossref(new window)

16.
L. Solero, A. Lidozzi, and J. Pomilio, “Design of multiple-input power converter for hybrid vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 1007-1016, Sep. 2005. crossref(new window)

17.
N. Benavides and P. Chapman, “Power budgeting of a multiple-input buck-boost converter,”IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 1303-1309, Nov. 2005. crossref(new window)

18.
Z. Li, O. Onar, A. Khaligh, and E. Schaltz, “Design and control of a multiple input DC/DC converter for battery/ultra-capacitor based electric vehicle power system,” 2009 Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, pp. 591-596, 2009.

19.
Y.-C. Liu and Y.-M. Chen, “A systematic approach to synthesizing multi-input DC–DC converters,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 116-127, Sep. 2009. crossref(new window)

20.
H. Behjati and A. Davoudi, “A multiple-input multiple-output DC–DC converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 1464-1479, May 2013. crossref(new window)

21.
P. Grbovic, P. Delarue, P. Le Moigne, and P. Bartholomeus, “Modeling and control of the ultracapacitor-based regenerative controlled electric drives,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 58, No. 8, pp. 3471-3484, Aug. 2011. crossref(new window)

22.
A. C. A. Umarikar and L. Umanand, “Modelling of switched mode power converters using bond graph,” IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Applications, Vol. 152, No. 1, p. 51, 2005. crossref(new window)

23.
H. Wu, P. Xu, H. Hu, Z. Zhou, and Y. Xing, “Multiport converters based on integration of full-bridge and bidirectional DC–DC topologies for renewable generation systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 856-869, Feb. 2014. crossref(new window)

24.
D. S. Gautam, F. Musavi, M. Edington, W. Eberle, and W. G. Dunford, “An automotive onboard 3.3-kW battery charger for PHEV application,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol, Vol. 61, No. 8, pp. 3466-3474, Oct. 2012. crossref(new window)

25.
J.-Y. Lee and H.-J. Chae, “6.6-kW onboard charger design using DCM PFC converter with harmonic modulation technique and two-stage DC/DC converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 1243-1252, Mar. 2014. crossref(new window)

26.
C.-T. Pan, C.-F. Chuang, and C.-C. Chu, “A novel transformerless interleaved high step-down conversion ratio DC–DC converter with low switch voltage stress,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 61, No. 10, pp. 5290-5299, Oct. 2014. crossref(new window)

27.
I. O. Lee and G.W. Moon, “Half-bridge integrated ZVS full-bridge converter with reduced conduction loss for electric vehicle battery chargers,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 61, No. 8, pp. 3978-3988, Aug. 2014. crossref(new window)

28.
R. Tymerski and V. Vorperian, “Generation and classification of PWM DC-to-DC converters,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 743-754, Nov. 1988. crossref(new window)

29.
A. Kwasinski, “Identification of feasible topologies for multiple-input DC–DC converters,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 856-861, Mar. 2009. crossref(new window)

30.
H. Wu, K. Sun, S. Ding, and Y. Xing, “Topology derivation of non-isolated three-port DC-DC converters from DIC and DOC,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 28, No. 7, pp. 3297-3307, Jul. 2013. crossref(new window)

31.
T. K. Santhosh and C. Govindaraju, “Simulation and analysis of a four port DC/DC converter for hybrid electric vehicle,” in Proc. Power and Energy Systems: Towards Sustainable Energy, pp. 236-240, 2014.

32.
R. Erickson and D. Maksimovic, Fundamentals of Power Electronics, 2nd ed., Springer, 2001.