JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Contactless Power Charger for Light Electric Vehicles Featuring Active Load Matching
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Power Electronics
  • Volume 16, Issue 1,  2016, pp.102-110
  • Publisher : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
  • DOI : 10.6113/JPE.2016.16.1.102
 Title & Authors
Contactless Power Charger for Light Electric Vehicles Featuring Active Load Matching
Jiang, Wei; Xu, Song; Li, Nailu;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Contactless power transfer technology is gaining increasing attention in city transportation applications because of its high mobility and flexibility in charging and its commensurate power level with conductive power transfer method. In this study, an inductively coupled contactless charging system for a 48 V light electric vehicle is proposed. Although this study does not focus on system efficiency, the generic problems in an inductively coupled contactless power transfer system without ferromagnetic structure are discussed. An active load matching method is also proposed to control the power transfer on the receiving side through a load matching converter. Small signal modeling and linear control technology are applied to the load matching converter for port voltage regulation, which effectively controls the power flow into the load. A prototype is built, and experiments are conducted to reveal the intrinsic characteristics of a series-series resonant inductive power charger in terms of frequency, air gap length, power flow control, coil misalignment, and efficiency issues.
 Keywords
Contactless power transfer;Electric vehicle;Load matching;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
G. A. Covic and J. T. Boys, “Inductive power transfer,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 101, No. 6, pp. 1276-1289, Jun. 2013. crossref(new window)

2.
M. Budhia, G. A. Covic and J. T. Boys, “Design and optimization of circular magnetic structures for lumped inductive power transfer systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 26, No. 11, pp. 3096-3108, Nov. 2011. crossref(new window)

3.
C. Wang, G. A. Covic and O. H. Stielau, “Power transfer capability and bifurcation phenomena of loosely coupled inductive power transfer systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 148-157, Feb. 2004. crossref(new window)

4.
H. L. Li, A. P. Hu, and G. A. Covic, “Primary current generation for a contactless power transfer system using free oscillation and energy injection control,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp.256-263, May 2011. crossref(new window)

5.
Y. Jang and M. M. Jovanovic. “A contactless electrical energy transmission system for portable-telephone battery chargers,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 50. No. 3, pp. 520-527, Jun 2003. crossref(new window)

6.
K. W. Klontz, D. M. Divan, D. W. Novotny, and R. D. Lorenz, “Contactless power delivery system for mining applications,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 27-35, Jan./Feb. 1995. crossref(new window)

7.
M. L. G. Kissin, H. Hao, and G. A. Covic, "A practical multiphase IPT system for AGV and roadway applications," in IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition(ECCE), pp. 1844-1850, Sep. 2010.

8.
M. A. Bloom, N. Geng, and M. Krishnamurthy, "Design considerations for wireless electric vehicle charging," in IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo(ITEC), pp.1-6, Jun. 2013.

9.
S. Jeong, Y. J. Jang, and D. Kum, “Economic analysis of the dynamic charging electric vehicle,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 30, No. 11, pp. 6368-6377, Nov. 2015. crossref(new window)

10.
B. Esteban, M. Sid-Ahmed, and N. C. Kar, “A comparative study of power supply architectures in wireless EV charging systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 30, No. 11, pp. 6408-6422, Nov. 2015. crossref(new window)

11.
H. R. Rahnamaee, D.J. Thrimawithana, and U.K. Madawala, "MOSFET based Multilevel converter for IPT systems," in IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology(ICIT), pp. 295-300, Feb./Mar. 2014.

12.
D. Kumrschner, C. Rathge, and U. Jumar, “Design methodology for high efficient inductive power transfer systems with high coil positioning flexibility,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 372-381, Jan. 2013. crossref(new window)

13.
H. Z. Z. Beh, G. A. Covic, and J. T. Boys, “Wireless fleet charging system for electric bicycles,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 3. No. 1, pp. 75-86, Mar. 2015. crossref(new window)

14.
A. Kurs, A. Karalis, R. Moffatt, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. Fisher, M. Soljačić, "Wireless power transfer via strongly coupled magnetic resonances," in Science Express on 7 Vol. 317, No. 5834, pp. 83-86, Jun. 2007.

15.
C.-J. Chen, T.-H. Chu, C.-L. Lin, and Z.-C. Jou, “A study of loosely coupled coils for wireless power transfer,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs, Vol. 57, No. 7, pp. 536-540, Jul. 2010. crossref(new window)

16.
J. Huh, W. Lee, S. Choi, G. Cho, and C. Rim, “Frequency-domain circuit model and analysis of coupled magnetic resonance systems,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp.275-286 , Mar. 2013. crossref(new window)

17.
T. C. Beh, T. Imura, M. Kato, and Y. Hori, "Basic study of improving efficiency of wireless power transfer via magnetic resonance coupling based on impedance matching," in IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics(ISIE), pp. 2011-2016, Jul. 2010.

18.
Y. Li, Q. Yang, H. Chen, X. Zhang, and Z. Yan, "Experimental system design of wireless power transfer based on witricity technology," in International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering(CASE), pp. 1-3, Jul. 2011.

19.
X. Zhang, S. L. Ho, and W. N. Fu, “Quantitative analysis of a wireless power transfer cell with planar spiral structures,” IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 47, No. 10, pp. 3200-3203, Oct. 2011. crossref(new window)

20.
D. G. Nottiani and F. Leccese, "A simple method for calculating lumped parameters of planar spiral coil for wireless energy transfer," in 11th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering(EEEIC), pp. 869-872, 2012.

21.
A. E. Gundogdu and E. Afacan, "The effect of frequency, multi resonator and relay resonator conditions on wireless power transmission," in Wireless Telecommunications Symposium(WTS), pp. 1-5, 2012.

22.
V. Jiwariyavej, T. Imura, and Y. Hori, “Coupling coefficients estimation of wireless power transfer system via magnetic resonance coupling using information from either side of the system,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 3. No. 1, pp. 191-200, Mar. 2015. crossref(new window)

23.
N. Shinohara, Y. Kubo, and H. Tonomura, "Wireless charging for electric vehicle with microwaves," in 3rd International Electric Drives Production Conference(EDPC), pp. 1-4, Oct. 2013.

24.
K. H. Yi, “6.78MHz capacitive coupling wireless power transfer system,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp.987-993, Jul. 2015. crossref(new window)

25.
U. K. Madawala and D. J. Thrimawithana, “A bidirectional inductive power interface for electric vehicles in V2G systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 58. No. 10, pp. 4789-4796, Oct. 2011. crossref(new window)

26.
U. K. Madawala, M. Neath, and D. J. Thrimawithana, “A power–frequency controller for bidirectional inductive power transfer systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 310-317, Jan. 2013. crossref(new window)

27.
T. Diekhans and R. W. De Doncker, “A dual-side controlled inductive power transfer system optimized for large coupling factor variations and partial load,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 30, No. 11, pp. 6320-6328, Nov. 2015. crossref(new window)

28.
R. Bosshard, J. W. Kolar, and B. Wunscht. "Control method for inductive power transfer with high partial-load efficiency and resonance tracking," in International Power Electronics Conference, pp. 2167-2174, May 2014.

29.
J. Hou, Q. Chen, S.-C. Wong, C. K. Tse, and X. Ruan, “Analysis and control of series/series-parallel compensated resonant converter for contactless power transfer,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 3. No. 1, pp. 124-136, Mar. 2015. crossref(new window)

30.
D. Ahn and S. Hong. “Wireless power transfer resonance coupling amplification by load-modulation switching controller,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 62. No. 2, pp. 898-909, Feb. 2015. crossref(new window)