Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Detection of onset of failure in prestressed strands by cluster analysis of acoustic emissions
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Detection of onset of failure in prestressed strands by cluster analysis of acoustic emissions
Ercolino, Marianna; Farhidzadeh, Alireza; Salamone, Salvatore; Magliulo, Gennaro;
Corrosion of prestressed concrete structures is one of the main challenges that engineers face today. In response to this national need, this paper presents the results of a long-term project that aims at developing a structural health monitoring (SHM) technology for the nondestructive evaluation of prestressed structures. In this paper, the use of permanently installed low profile piezoelectric transducers (PZT) is proposed in order to record the acoustic emissions (AE) along the length of the strand. The results of an accelerated corrosion test are presented and k-means clustering is applied via principal component analysis (PCA) of AE features to provide an accurate diagnosis of the strand health. The proposed approach shows good correlation between acoustic emissions features and strand failure. Moreover, a clustering technique for the identification of false alarms is proposed.
corrosion;acoustic emission;principal component analysis;k-means method;
 Cited by
Application of acoustic emission monitoring for assessment of bond performance of corroded reinforced concrete beams, Structural Health Monitoring: An International Journal, 2017, 16, 6, 732  crossref(new windwow)
Andrade, C., Alonso, C., Gulikers, J., Polder, R., Cigna, R., Vennesland, O., Salta, M., Raharinaivo, A. and Elsener, B. (2004), "Test methods for on-site corrosion rate measurement of steel reinforcement in concrete by means of the polarization resistance method", Mater Struct., 37(273), 623-643. Doi 10.1007/Bf02483292 crossref(new window)

Association of American Railroads (1999), Procedure for Acoustic Emission Evaluation of Tank Cars and IM-101 Tanks, (Issue 8. Operation and Maintenance Department), Washington DC.

ASTM (2009), Standard test method for half-cell potentials of uncoated reinforcing steel in concrete, West Conshohocken.

Austin, S.A., Lyons, R. and Ing, M.J. (2004), "Electrochemical behavior of steel-reinforced concrete during accelerated corrosion testing", Corrosion, 60(2), 203-212. crossref(new window)

Bartoli, I., Phillips, R., di Scalea, F.L., Salamone, S., Coccia, S. and Sikorsky, C.S. (2008), "Load monitoring in multiwire strands by interwire ultrasonic measurements", Proc Spie, 6932. Artn 693209 Doi 10.1117/12.775934 crossref(new window)

Beard, M.D., Lowe, M.J.S. and Cawley, P. (2003), "Ultrasonic guided waves for inspection of grouted tendons and bolts", J. Mater. Civil Eng., 15(3), 212-218. Doi 10.1061/(Asce)0899-1561(2003)15:3(212) crossref(new window)

Behnia, A., Chai, H.K. and Shiotani, T. (2014), "Advanced structural health monitoring of concrete structures with the aid of acoustic emission", Constr Build Mater, 65 282-302. crossref(new window)

Choi, O., Park, Y. and H., R. (2008), Corrosion Evaluation of Epoxy-coated Bars by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, International Concrete Abstracts Portal.

Davies, D.L. and Bouldin, D.W. (1979), "Cluster Separation Measure", IEEE T. Pattern Anal., 1(2), 224-227.

Degala, S., Rizzo, P., Ramanathan, K. and Harries, K.A. (2009), "Acoustic emission monitoring of CFRP reinforced concrete slabs", Constr. Build. Mater., 23(5), 2016-2026. DOI 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.08.026 crossref(new window)

Di Benedetti, M., Loreto, G., Matta, F. and Nanni, A. (2013), "Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete under Accelerated Corrosion", J. Mater. Civil. Eng., 25(8), 1022-1029. Doi 10.1061/(Asce)Mt.1943-5533.0000647 crossref(new window)

ElBatanouny, M.K., Larosche, A., Mazzoleni, P., Ziehl, P.H., Matta, F. and Zappa, E. (2014a), "Identification of cracking mechanisms in scaled FRP reinforced concrete beams using acoustic emission", Exp Mech, 54(1), 69-82. DOI 10.1007/s11340-012-9692-3 crossref(new window)

ElBatanouny, M.K., Mangual, J., Ziehl, P.H. and Matta, F. (2014b), "Early corrosion detection in prestressed concrete girders using acoustic emission", J. Mater. Civil Eng. 26(3), 504-511. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000845 crossref(new window)

Elfergani, H.A., Pullin, R. and Holford, K.M. (2013), "Damage assessment of corrosion in prestressed concrete by acoustic emission", Constr. Build. Mater., 40 925-933. crossref(new window)

Elsener, B., Andrade, C., Gulikers, J., Polder, R. and Raupach, M. (2003), "Half-cell potential measurements - Potential mapping on reinforced concrete structures", Mater Struct, 36(261), 461-471. Doi 10.1007/Bf02481526 crossref(new window)

Ervin, B.L., Kuchma, D.A., Bernhard, J.T. and Reis, H. (2009), "Monitoring corrosion of rebar embedded in mortar using high-frequency guided ultrasonic waves", J. Eng. Mech.- ASCE, 135(1), 9-19. Doi 10.1061/(Asce)0733-9399(2009)135:1(9) crossref(new window)

Farhidzadeh, A. (2014), Application of Pattern Recognition Algorithms and Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for the Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Structures, PhD dissertation, Department of Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Farhidzadeh, A. and Salamone, S. (2014), "Reference-free Corrosion Damage Diagnosis in Steel Strands Using Guided Ultrasonic Waves (under review) ", Ultrasonics.

Farhidzadeh, A., Salamone, S., Luna, B. and Whittaker, A. (2013a), "Acoustic emission monitoring of a reinforced concrete shear wall by b-value-based outlier analysis", Struct. Health Monit., 12(1), 3-13. Doi 10.1177/1475921712461162 crossref(new window)

Farhidzadeh, A., Salamone, S. and Singla, P. (2013b), "A probabilistic approach for damage identification and crack mode classification in reinforced concrete structures", J. Intell. Mat. Syst. Str., 24(14), 1722-1735. Doi 10.1177/1045389x13484101 crossref(new window)

Godin, N., Huguet, S. and Gaertner, R. (2005), "Integration of the Kohonen's self-organising map and k-means algorithm for the segmentation of the AE data collected during tensile tests on cross-ply composites", NDT&E Int., 38(4), 299-309. DOI 10.1016/j.ndteint.2004.09.006 crossref(new window)

Godin, N., Huguet, S., Gaertner, R. and Salmon, L. (2004), "Clustering of acoustic emission signals collected during tensile tests on unidirectional glass/polyester composite using supervised and unsupervised classifiers", NDT &E Int., 37(4), 253-264. DOI 10.1016/j.ndteint.2003.09.010 crossref(new window)

Li, Z.J., Li, F.M., Zdunek, A., Landis, E. and Shah, S.P. (1998), "Application of acoustic emission technique to detection of reinforcing steel corrosion in concrete", ACI Mater. J., 95(1), 68-76.

Likas, A., Vlassis, N. and Verbeek, J.J. (2003), "The global k-means clustering algorithm", Pattern Recogn., 36(2), 451-461. crossref(new window)

Mangual, J., ElBatanouny, M., Ziehl, P. and Matta, F. (2013), "Corrosion damage quantification of prestressing strands using acoustic emission", J. Mater. Civil Eng., 25(9), 1326-1334. Doi 10.1061/(Asce)Mt.1943-5533.0000669 crossref(new window)

Manson, G., Worden, K., Holford, K. and Pullin, R. (2001), "Visualisation and dimension reduction of acoustic emission data for damage detection", J. Intell. Mat. Syst. Str., 12(8), 529-536. Doi 10.1106/Ud4l-Upgc-Wg29-A34l crossref(new window)

Mazille, H., Rothea, R. and Tronel, C. (1995), "An Acoustic-Emission Technique for Monitoring Pitting Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless-Steels", Corros. Sci., 37(9), 1365-1375. Doi 10.1016/0010-938x(95)00036-J crossref(new window)

Moustafa, A., Niri, E.D., Farhidzadeh, A. and Salamone, S. (2014), "Corrosion monitoring of post-tensioned concrete structures using fractal analysis of guided ultrasonic waves", Struct. Control. Health., 21(3), 438-448. Doi 10.1002/Stc.1586 crossref(new window)

Naito, C., Sause, R., Hodgson, I., Pessiki, S. and Macioce, T. (2010), "Forensic examination of a noncomposite adjacent precast prestressed concrete box beam bridge", J. Bridge Eng, 15(4), 408-418. Doi 10.1061/(Asce)Be.1943-5592.0000110 crossref(new window)

Niri, E.D., Farhidzadeh, A. and Salamone, S. (2013), "Adaptive multisensor data fusion for acoustic emission source localization in noisy environment", Struct Health Monit, 12(1), 59-77. Doi 10.1177/1475921712462937 crossref(new window)

Ohno, K. and Ohtsu, M. (2010), "Crack classification in concrete based on acoustic emission", Constr. Build. Mater., 24(12), 2339-2346. DOI 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.05.004 crossref(new window)

Physical Acoustic Corporation (2005), Princeton Junction

Physical Acoustics (2009), Sensor Highway II user's manual, NJ.

Salamone, S., Veletzos, M.J., Lanza di Scalea, F. and Restrepo, J.I. (2012), "Detection of initial yield and onset of failure in bonded posttensioned concrete beams", J. Bridge Eng., 17(6), 966-974. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000311 crossref(new window)