Advanced SearchSearch Tips
SHM by DOFS in civil engineering: a review
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
SHM by DOFS in civil engineering: a review
Rodriguez, Gerardo; Casas, Joan R.; Villalba, Sergi;
This paper provides an overview of the use of different Distributed Optical Fiber Sensor systems (DOFSs) to perform Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) in the specific case of civil engineering structures. Nowadays, there are several methods available for extracting distributed measurements from optical fiber, and their use have to be according with the aims of the SHM performance. The continuous-in-space data is the common advantage of the different DOFSs over other conventional health monitoring systems and, depending on the particular characteristics of each DOFS, a global and/or local health structural evaluation is possible with different accuracy. Firstly, the fundamentals of different DOFSs and their principal advantages and disadvantages are presented. Then, laboratory and field tests using different DOFSs systems to measure strain in structural elements and civil structures are presented and discussed. Finally, based on the current applications, conclusions and future trends of DOFSs in SHM in civil structures are proposed.
structural health monitoring;distributed optical fiber;Brillouin and Rayleigh backscattering;
 Cited by
A Review of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors for Civil Engineering Applications, Sensors, 2016, 16, 12, 748  crossref(new windwow)
Ansari, F. and Libo, Y. (1998), "Mechanics of bond and interface shear transfer in optical fiber sensors", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, 124(4), 385-394. crossref(new window)

Bao, T.F., Wang, J.L. and Yao, Y. (2010), "A fiber optic sensor for detecting and monitoring cracks in concrete structures", Science China. Technol. Sci., 53(11), 3045-3050. crossref(new window)

Bao, X. and Chen, L. (2012), "Recent progress in distributed fiber optic sensors", Sensors 12, 8601-8639. crossref(new window)

Barnoski, M.K. and Jensen, S.M. (1976), "Fiber waveguides: A novel technique for investigating attenuation characteristics", Appl. Opt., 15(2), 2112-2115. crossref(new window)

Bastianini, F., Corradi, M., Borri, A. and di Tomasso, A. (2005a), "Retrofit and monitoring of an historical building using "Smart" CFRP with embedded fibre optic Brillouin sensors", Constr. Build. Mater., 19, 525-535. crossref(new window)

Bastianini, F., Matta, F., Galati, N. and Nanni A. (2005b), "A Brillouin smart FRP material and strain data post processing software for structural health monitoring through laboratory testing and field application on a highway bridge", Proc. SPIE, 5765, 600-611. crossref(new window)

Bastiniani, F., Rizzo, A., Galati, N., Deza, U. and Nanni A. (2005c), "Discontinuous Brillouin strain monitoring of small concrete bridges: comparison between near-to.-surface and smart FRP fiber installation techniques", Proc. SPIE, 5765, 612-623. crossref(new window)

Bernini, R., Minardo, A., Ciaramella, S., Minutolo, V. and Zeni, L. (2011), "Distributed strain measurement along a concrete beam via stimulated brillouin scattering in optical fibers", Int. J. Geophys., Article ID 710941:1-5.

Billon, A., Henault, J.M., Quiertant, M., Taillade, F., Khadour, A., Martin, R.P. and Benzarti, K. (2014), "Quantitative strain measurements with Distributed Fiber Optic Systems: Qualification of sensing cable bonded to the surface of a concrete structure", Proceedings of the 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Nantes, France, July.

Boyd, RW. (1992), Nonlinear Optics, Academic Press, USA.

Caminero, M.A., Lopez-Pedroza, M., Pinna, C. and Soutis, C. (2013), "Damage monitoring and analysis of composite laminates with an open hole and adhesively bonded repairs using digital image correlation", Composites B, 53, 76-91. crossref(new window)

Casas, J.R., Villalba, S. and Villalba, V. (2014), Management and safety of existing concrete structures via optical fiber distributed sensing Chapter of the book, Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure, (Eds., D.M. Frangopol and Y.Tsompanakis), CRC Press. Taylor and Francis

Casas, J.R. and Cruz, J.S. (2003), "Fiber optic sensors for bridge monitoring", J. Bridge Eng. - ASCE, 8(6), 362-373. crossref(new window)

Culshaw, B. (2011), "Fiber optic sensors in smart structures: Achievements, challenges and prospects", Proc. of SPIE, 7982, 798202-1 798202-9.

Delepine-Lesoille, S., Merliot, E. and Gautier, Y. (2008), "Optical fiber strain sensors for use in civil engineering: State-of-the-art, industrialapplications and outlook", BLPC no. 272,123-140.

Duck, G. and LeBlanc, M. (2000), "Arbitrary strain transfer from a host to an embedded fiber-optic sensor", Smart Mater. Struct., 9, 492-497. crossref(new window)

Enckell, M., Glisic, B., Myrvoll, F. and Bergstrand, B. (2011), "Evaluation of large-scale bridge strain, temperature and crack monitoring with distributed fibre optic sensors", J. Civil Struct. Health Monit., 1(1), 37-46. crossref(new window)

Fang, Z., Chin, K., Qu, R. and Cai, H. (2012), Fundamentals of Optical Fiber Sensors,Wiley.

Feng, X., Zhou, J., Sun, C.H., Zhang, X. and Ansari, F. (2013), "Theoretical and experimental investigations into crack detection with BOTDR-distributed fiber optic sensors", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, 139(12), 1797-1807. crossref(new window)

Froggatt, M. and Moore, J. (1998a), "Distributed measurement of static strain in an optical fiber with multiple Bragg gratings at nominally equal wavelengths", Appl. Optics., 37(10), 1741-1746. crossref(new window)

Froggatt, M., and Moore, J. (1998b), "High resolution strain measurement in optical fiber with Rayleigh scatter", Appl. Optics., 37(10), 1735-1740. crossref(new window)

Galindez-Jamioy, C.A. and Lopez-Higuera, J.M. (2012), "Brillouin distributed sensors: An overwiew and applications", J. Sensors, Hindawi Publishing Corporations.Article ID 204101, 17 pages.

Gao, J., Shi, B., Zhang, W. and Zhu, H. (2006), "Monitoring the stress of the post-tensioning cable using fiber optic distributed strain sensor", Measurement, 39, 420-428. crossref(new window)

Gifford, D.K., Kreger, S.T., Sang, A.K., Froggatt, M., Duncan, R.G., Wolfe, S. and Soller, B. (2007), "Swept-wavelength interferometric interrogation of fiber Rayleigh scatter for distributed sensing applications", Proc of SPIE, 6770, 1-10.

Glisic, B. and Inaudi, D. (2007), Fibre optic methods for structural health monitoring, John Wyler & Sons, Chichester, UK.

Glisic, B. and Inaudi, D. (2012), "Development of method for in-service crack detection based on distributed fiber optic sensors", Struct.Heatlh Monit., 11(2), 161-171. crossref(new window)

Glisic, B., Chen, J. and Hubbell, D. (2011), "Streicker bridge: A comparation between Bragg-gratting long-gauge strain and temperature sensors and Brillouin scattering-based distributed strain and temperature sensors", Proc. of SPIE , 7981, 1-10.

Glisic, B., Hubbell, D., Hoeg, S.D. and Yao, Y. (2013), "Damage detection and characterization using long-gauge and distributed fiber optic sensors", Opt. Eng., 52(8), 1-12.

Glisic, B. and Inaudi, D. (2011), "Development of method for in-service crack detection based on distributed fiber optic sensors", Struct. Health Monit., 11(2) 161-171.

GN Nettest. Understanding OTDRs. (2000), Part#33881. Rev. A. February.

Gomez, R., Muria, D., Mendoza, M.A., Mendez, A., Chandler, K., Sanchez, R.A., Escobar, J.A. and Csipkes, A. (2009), "Novel structural monitoring system for the Chiapas Bridge", Proceedings of the SHMII-4, Zurich Switzerland, July.

Henault, J.M., Salin, J., Moreau, G., Quiertant, M., Taillade, F., Benzarti, K. and Delepine-Lesoille, S. (2012), "Analysis of the strain transfer mechanism between a truly distributed optical fiber sensor and surrounding medium", Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting III, 733-739.

Her, S.C.H. and Huang, C.H.Y. (2011), "Effect of coating on the strain transfer of optical fiber sensors", Sensors, 11, 6926-6941. crossref(new window)

Hetch, J. (2006), Understanding Fiber Optics, Prentice Hall, Fifth Edition.USA.

Hoult, N.A., Ekim, O. and Regier, R. (2014), "Damage/deterioration for steel structures using distributed fiber optic stress sensors", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, October, 1-9.

Hoepffner, R. (2008), Distributed fiber optic strain sensing in hydraulic concrete and earth structures. measuring theory and field investigations on dams and landslides, Ph.D. Dissertation, Technische Univeritat Munchen, Munchen.

Horiguchi, T., Kurashima, T. and Tateda, M. (1989), "Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in Silica optical fibers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., 1(5), 107-108. crossref(new window)

Horiguchi, T., Shimizu, K., Kurashima, T., Tateda, M. and Koyamada, Y. (1995), "Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering", J. Lightwave Technol., 13(7), 1296-1302. crossref(new window)

Horiguchi, T., Shimizu, K., Kurashima, T., Tateda, M. and Koyamada, Y. (1983), "Brillouin optical time-domain reflectometry", IEICE Trans. Commun, E67-B, 4, 382-390.

Hotate, K. and Ong, S.S.L. (2002), "Distributed fiber Brillouin strain sensing by correlation-based, continuous wave technique, cm order spatial resolution and dynamic strain measurement", Proc. of SPIE, Photonics Asia, 299-310.

Housner, G.W., Berman, L.A., Caughey, T.K., Chassiakos, A.G., Claus, R.O. and Masri, S.F. (1997), "Structural Control: past, present and future", J. Eng. Mech.- ASCE, 123 (9), 897-971. crossref(new window)

Imai, M. and Feng, M. (2012), "Sensing optical fiber installation study for crack identification using a stimulated Brillouin-based stra in sensor", Struct. Health Monit., 11(5), 501-509. crossref(new window)

Imai, M. and Suzuki, H. (2011), "Highly dense strain measurement of concrete retrofitted with smart fabric", Proc. of SPIE, 7983,1-15.

Imai, M., Nakano, R., Kono, T., Ichinomiya, T., Miura, S. and Mure, M. (2010), "Crack detection application for fiber reinforced concrete using BOCDA-based optical fiber strain sensor", J. Struct. Eng. - ASCE, 136(8), 1001-1008. crossref(new window)

Inaudi, D. and Glisic, B. (2005), "Application of distributed Fiber Optic Sensory for SHM", Proceedings of the 2nd SHMII Conference,Shenzhen, China, November.

Iten, M. (2011), "Novel applications of distributed fiber-optic sensing in geothecnical engineering", Proceedings of the ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.

Klar, A., Goldfeld, Y. and Charas, Z. (2010), "Measures for identifying cracks within reinforced concrete beams using BOTDR", Proc. of SPIE , 7647, 1-9.

Krebber, K., Lenke, P., Liehr, S., Schukar, M., Wendt, M. and Witt, J. (2010), "Distributed POF sensors: recent progress and new challenges", Invited Paper, International Conference of Plastic Optical Fiber (ICPOF), Yokohama, Japan.

Kurashima, T., Horiguchi, T. and Tateda, M. (1990), "Thermal effects on Brillouin frequency shift in jacketed optical silica fibers", Appl. Optics, 29(15), 2219-2222. crossref(new window)

Kurashima, T., Tateda, M., Horiguchi, T. and Koyamada, Y. (1997), "Performance improvement of a combined OTDR for distributed strain and loss measurement by randomizing the reference light polarization satate", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., 9(3), 360-362. crossref(new window)

Lally, E.M., Reaves, M., Horell, E., Klute, S. and Frogatt, M. (2012), "Fiber optic shape sensing for monitoring of flexible structures", Proc of SPIE , 8345, 1-10.

Lan, C.H., Zhou, Z. and Ou, J. (2014), "Monitoring of structural prestress loss in RC beams by inner distributed Brillouin and fiber Bragg grating sensors on a single optical fiber", Struct. Control Health Monit., 21(3), 317-330. crossref(new window)

Leung, C.K.Y., Elvin N., Olson N., Morse T.F. and He Y. F. (2000), "A novel distributed optical crack sensor for concrete structures", Eng. Fract. Mech., 65(2-3), 133-148. crossref(new window)

Leung C.K.Y., Olson, N., Wan, K.T. and Meng, A. (2005), "Theoretical modeling of signal loss versus crack opening for a novel crack sensor", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, 131(8), 777-790. crossref(new window)

Li, C.H., Zhao, Y., Lui, H., Zhang, Z., Wan, Z., Chen, Y., Xu, X. and Xu, J. (2010), "Combined interrogation using a encapsulated fiber sensor in a tunnel", Struct. Health Monit., 9(4), 341-346. crossref(new window)

Li, H.N., Li, D.S. and Song, G.B. (2004), "Recent applications of fiber optic sensors to health monitoring in civil engineering", Eng. Struct., 26 (167), 1647-1657. crossref(new window)

Li, Q., Li, G. and Wang, G. (2003), "Effect of plastic coating on strain measurement of concrete by fiber optic sensor", Measurement, 34, 215-227. crossref(new window)

Lin, Y.B., Pan, C.L., Kuo, Y.H. and Chang, C.K. (2005), "Online monitoring of highway bridge construction using fiber Bragg grating sensors", Smart Mater. Struct., 14, 1075-1082. crossref(new window)

Liu, H.W., Chen, J., Sun, M. and Ding, R. (2011), "Theoretical analysis and experimental of micromechanics and mechanics-optics coupling of distributed optic-fiber crack sensing", Science China. Technol. Sci., 54(11), 185-191.

Liu, Y. and Nayak, S. Structural Health Monitoring: State of the Art and Perspectives. (2012), Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society JOM, 64(7), 789-792. crossref(new window)

Majumder, M., Gangopadhyay, T.K., Chakraborty, A.K., Dasgupta, K. and Bhattacharya, D.K. (2008), "Fibre Bragg gratings in structural health monitoring-Present status and applications", Sensor. Actuat., 147(1), 150-164. crossref(new window)

Minardo, A., Bernini, R., Amato, L and Zeni, L. (2012a), "Bridge monitoring using Brillouin fiber-optic sensors", IEEE Sensors J., 12(1), 145-150. crossref(new window)

Minardo, A., Persichetti, G., Testa, G. and Zeni, L. (2012b), "Long term structural health monitoring by Brillouin fibre-optic sensing: a real case", J. Geophys. Eng., 9(4), 64-68. crossref(new window)

Mufti, A., Thompson, D., Inaudi, D., Vogel, H.M. and McMahon, D. (2011), "Crack detection of steel girders using Brillouin optical time domain analysis", J. Civil Struct. Health Monit., 1(3), 61-68. crossref(new window)

Nikles, M., Thevenaz, L. and Robert, A. (1997), "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., 15(10), 1842-1851. crossref(new window)

Ohno, H., Naruse, H., Kihara, M. and Shimada, A. (2001), "Industrial applications of the OBTR optical fiber strain sensor", Proceedings of Optical Fiber Technology 7, Invited Paper, 45-64.

Olson, N., Leung, C.K.L., and Meng, A. (2005), "Crack sensing with a multimode fiber: experimental and theoretical studies", Sensor. Actuat., 118(2), 268-277. crossref(new window)

Palmieri, L. and Schenato, L. (2013), "Distributed optical fiber sensing based on Rayleigh scattering", The Open Optics Journal, 7, (Suppl-1, M7), 104-127. crossref(new window)

Parker, T.R., Farhadiroushan, M., Handerek, V. and Rogers, A. (1997), "A fully distributed simultaneous strain and temperature Sensor using Spontaneous Brillouin Backscattering", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., 9(7), 979-981. crossref(new window)

Rajeev, P., Kodikara, J., Chiu, W.K. and Kuen, T. (2013), "Distributed optical fiber sensors and their applications in pipelines monitoring", Key Eng. Mater., 558, 424-434. crossref(new window)

Ravet, F., Brifford, F., Glisic, B., Nikles, M. and Inaudi, D. (2009), "Submillimeter crack detection with Brillouin-based fiber-optic sensors", IEEE Sens. J., 9(11), 1391-1396. crossref(new window)

Regier, R. (2013), Application of fiber optics on reinforced concrete structures to develop a structural health monitoring technique. M.A.Sc thesis, Queen's Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada.

Regier, R. and Hoult, N.A. (2014), "Distributed strain behavior of a reinforced concrete bridge: Case study", J. Bridge Eng. - ASCE, 1-9.

Rodriguez, G., Casas, J.R. and Villalba, S. (2014), "Assessing cracking characteristics of concrete structures by distributed optical fiber and non-linear finite element modelling", Proceedings of the 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Nantes, France, July.

Rodriguez, G., Casas, J.R. and Villalba, S. (2015), "Cracking assessment in concrete structures by distributed optical fiber", Smart Mater. Struct., 24(3), 1-11.

Rogers, A. (1999), "Distributed optical-fibre sensing", Meas. Sci. Technol., 10(8), 75-99. crossref(new window)

Rossi, P. and LaMaou, F. (1989), "New method for detecting cracks in concrete using fiber optics", Mater. Struct., RILEM, Paris, 22(132), 437-442. crossref(new window)

Rouchier, S., Foray, G., Godin, N., Woloszyn, M. and Roux, J.J. (2013), "Damage monitoring in fibre reinforced mortar by combined digital image correlation and acoustic emission", Constr. Buid. Mater., 38, 371-380. crossref(new window)

Samiec, D. (2012), "Distributed fibre-optic tempetature and strain measurement with extremely high spatial resolution", Photonik International, 1, 10-13.

Shen, S., Wu, Z., Yang, C., Wan, C.H., Tang, Y. and Wu, G. (2010), "An improved conjugated beam method for deformation monitoring with distributed sensitive fiber optic sensor", Struct. Health Monit., 9(4), 361-378. crossref(new window)

Shi, B., Sui, H., Liu, J. and Zhang, D. (2006), "The BOTDR-based distributed monitoring system for slope engineering", IAEG2006, paper 63.

Soller, B., Froggatt, D., Gifford, K. and Wolfe, M.S. (2006), Measurement of Localized Heating in Fiber Optic Components with Millimetric Spatial Resolution, Optical Society of America.

Tennyson, R.C., Mufti, A.A., Rizkalla, S., Tadros, G. and Benmokrane, B. (2001), "Structural health monitoring of innovative bridges in Canada with fiber optic sensors", Smart Mater. Struct., 10(3), 560-573. crossref(new window)

Thevanaz, L. (2010), "Brillouin distributed time-domain sensing in optic fibers: state of the art and perspectives", Optoelectronics, China, 1-9.

Thevenaz, L., Facchini, M., Fellay, A., Robert, P.H., Inaudi, D. and Dardel, B. (1999), "Monitoring of large structures using distributed Brillouin fiber sensing", Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Sensors OFS 13 Conference.

Tianguo, T., Xinsheng, X. and Haowu, L. (2011), Health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems using distributed optical fiber sensors, Published by Sichuan University, Chengdu, China, School of Architecture and Environment and School of Water Resource and Hydropower.

Todd, M.D., Johnson, G.A. and Vohra, S.T. (2001), "Deployment of fiber Bragg grating-based measurement system in structural health monitoring application", Smart Mater. Struct., 10(3), 534-539. crossref(new window)

Torres Gorriz, B. (2012), Definicion de las pautas y condiciones de monitorizacion, encapsulado y fijacion de sensors de fibra optica para la medida de deformacion y temperatura de estructuras, Ph D. Dissertation, Technical University of Valencia, Valencia.

Villalba, S. and Casas, J.R. (2013), "Application of optical fiber distributed sensing to health monitoring of concrete structures", Mech. Syst. Signal Pr., 39(1-2), 441-451. crossref(new window)

Villalba, S. and Casas, J.R. (2011), "Monitorizacion y salud estructural. Aplicacion de la fibra optica distribuida (OBR) en estructuras de hormigon", Proceedings of the V Congreso de Puentes y Estructuras ACHE, Barcelona Spain, October.

Villalba, S. (2010), Diseno y validacion experimental de uniones mediante superposicion de lazos de armaduras en viaductos de hormigon de seccion transversal evolutiva. Optimizacion del proceso constructive, Ph. D Dissertation, Technical University of Catalonia, UPC, Barcelona.

Villalba, V., Casas, J.R. and Villalba, S. (2012), "Application of OBR fiber optic technology in structural health monitoring of Can Fatjo Viaduct (Cerdanyola de Valles-Spain)", Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 12, Stresa, Italy, July.

Voss, K.F. and Wanser, K.H. (1994), "Fiber sensors for monitoring structural strain and cracks", Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, Glasgow.

Wan, K.T. and Leung, C.K.Y. (2007), "Fiber optic sensor for the monitoring of mixed mode cracks in structures", Sensor. Actuat. - A, 135(2), 370-380. crossref(new window)

Wan, K.T., Leung, C.K.Y. and Olson, N.G. (2008), "Investigation of strain transfer for surface-attached optical fiber strain sensors", Smart Mater. Struct., 17(3), 1-12.

Ye, X.W., Su, H. and Hau, P. (2014), "Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure using optical fiber sensing technology: A comprenhensive review", The Scientific World Journal, Article ID 652329, 1-11.

Yu, F.T.S. and Yin, S. (2012), Fiber Optic Sensors, Marcel Decker, Inc.

Zako, M., Uragaki, H. and Kodate, K. (1995), "On intelligent structures using optical fiber (crack sensing using optical fiber)", J. JSMS, 44(499), 493-497.

Zeni, L. (2009), "Optical fiber distributed sensors: a tool for in-situ structural and environmental monitoring", Proceedings of the IWL- 1st Italian Workshop on Landslides, Napoli, Italy, June.