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Ultrahigh Vacuum Technologies Developed for a Large Aluminum Accelerator Vacuum System
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 Title & Authors
Ultrahigh Vacuum Technologies Developed for a Large Aluminum Accelerator Vacuum System
Hsiung, G.Y.; Chang, C.C.; Yang, Y.C.; Chang, C.H.; Hsueh, H.P.; Hsu, S.N.; Chen, J.R.;
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 Abstract
A large particle accelerator requires an ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) system of average pressure under Pa for mitigating the impact of beam scattering from the residual gas molecules. The surface inside the beam ducts should be controlled with an extremely low thermal outgassing rate under for the sake of the insufficient pumping speed. To fulfil the requirements, the aluminum alloys were adopted as the materials of the beam ducts for large accelerator that thanks to the good features of higher thermal conductivity, non-radioactivity, non-magnetism, precise machining capability, et al. To put the aluminum into the large accelerator vacuum systems, several key technologies have been developed will be introduced. The concepts contain the precise computer numerical control (CNC) machining process for the large aluminum ducts and parts in pure alcohol and in an oil-free environment, surface cleaning with ozonized water, stringent welding process control manually or automatically to form a large sector of aluminum ducts, ex-situ baking process to reach UHV and sealed for transportation and installation, UHV pumping with the sputtering ion pumps and the non-evaporable getters (NEG), et al. The developed UHV technologies have been applied to the 3 GeV Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) and revealed good results as the expectation. The problems of leakage encountered during the assembling were most associated with the vacuum baking which result in the consequent trouble shootings and more times of baking. Then the installation of the well-sealed UHV systems is recommended.
 Keywords
Ultrahigh vacuum;Accelerator;Aluminum;Outgassing rate;Ozonized water;Oil-free machining;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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Vacuum Test of Cavity with Liquid Nitrogen,;;;

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1.
Replacement of the TPS bending chamber with an on-site cutting method, Vacuum, 2017, 143, 229  crossref(new windwow)
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Vacuum Test of Cavity with Liquid Nitrogen, Applied Science and Convergence Technology, 2015, 24, 5, 132  crossref(new windwow)
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Introduction to Helium Leak Detection Techniques for Cryogenic Systems, Applied Science and Convergence Technology, 2015, 24, 4, 77  crossref(new windwow)
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Conditioning of the vacuum system of the TPS storage ring without baking in situ, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2017, 851, 57  crossref(new windwow)
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