On the Subsemigroups of a Finite Cyclic Semigroup

- Journal title : Kyungpook mathematical journal
- Volume 54, Issue 4, 2014, pp.607-617
- Publisher : Department of Mathematics, Kyungpook National University
- DOI : 10.5666/KMJ.2014.54.4.607

Title & Authors

On the Subsemigroups of a Finite Cyclic Semigroup

Dobbs, David Earl; Latham, Brett Kathleen;

Dobbs, David Earl; Latham, Brett Kathleen;

Abstract

Let S = C(r,m), the finite cyclic semigroup with index r and period m. Each subsemigroup of S is cyclic if and only if either r = 1; r = 2; or r = 3 with m odd. For , the maximum value of the minimum number of elements in a (minimal) generating set of a subsemigroup of S is 1 if r = 3 and m is odd; 2 if r = 3 and m is even; (r-1)/2 if r is odd and unequal to 3; and r/2 if r is even. The number of cyclic subsemigroups of S is . Formulas are also given for the number of 2-generated subsemigroups of S and the total number of subsemigroups of S. The minimal generating sets of subsemigroups of S are characterized, and the problem of counting them is analyzed.

Keywords

Finite cyclic semigroup;subsemigroup;minimal generating set;index;period;greatest common divisor;Frobenius number;;;

Language

English

References

1.

R. Gilmer, Commutative Semigroup Rings, Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago, 1984.

2.

W. J. LeVeque, Fundamentals of Number Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1977.