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Effects of Sequential Application of Superficial Cold and Heat on Pain, Patient Satisfaction with Pain Control, Comfort Level and Subjective Response after Spine Surgery
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Sequential Application of Superficial Cold and Heat on Pain, Patient Satisfaction with Pain Control, Comfort Level and Subjective Response after Spine Surgery
Kim, Jeoung Hee; Lhim, Seung Chul; Roh, Sung Woo; Lee, Sun Jin; Ko, Young Mi; Kim, Yeo Ok; Shin, Yong Soon;
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Purpose: The aims of the current study were to evaluate the effects of superficial cold and heat after spine surgery on pain, satisfaction with pain control and comfort level, and to identify subjective responses and adverse effects. Methods: A prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled trial was utilized. The intervention group (n
Cryotherapy;Hot temperature;Personal satisfaction;Postoperative pain;Spine;
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