In this paper, we examine the forecasting KOSPI 200 realized volatility by volatility measurements. The empirical investigation for KOSPI 200 daily returns is done during the period from 3 January 2003 to 29 June 2007. Since Korea Exchange(KRX) will launch VKOSPI futures contract in 2010, forecasting VKOSPI can be an important issue. So we analyze which volatility measurements forecast VKOSPI better. To test this hypothesis, we use 5-minute interval returns to measure realized volatilities. Also, we propose a new methodology that reflects the synchronized bidding and simultaneously takes it account the difference between overnight volatility and intra-daily volatility. The t-test and F-test show that our new realized volatility is not only different from the realized volatility by a conventional method at less than 0.01% significance level, also more stable in summary statistics. We use the correlation analysis, regression analysis, cross validation test to investigate the forecast performance. The empirical result shows that the realized volatility we propose is better than other volatilities, including historical volatility, implied volatility, and convention realized volatility, for forecasting VKOSPI. Also, the regression analysis on the predictive abilities for realized volatility, which is measured by our new methodology and conventional one, shows that VKOSPI is an efficient estimator compared to historical volatility and CRR implied volatility.
High frequency data;realized volatility;volatility index;VKOSPI;volatility forecasting;
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