Efficient Image Segmentation Using Morphological Watershed Algorithm Kim, Young-Woo; Lim, Jae-Young; Lee, Won-Yeol; Kim, Se-Yun; Lim, Dong-Hoon;
This paper discusses an efficient image segmentation using morphological watershed algorithm that is robust to noise. Morphological image segmentation consists of four steps: image simplification, computation of gradient image and watershed algorithm and region merging. Conventional watershed segmentation exhibits a serious weakness for over-segmentation of images. In this paper we present a morphological edge detection methods for detecting edges under noisy condition and apply our watershed algorithm to the resulting gradient images and merge regions using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for eliminating irrelevant regions in the resulting segmented images. Experimental results are analyzed in both qualitative analysis through visual inspection and quantitative analysis with percentage error as well as computational time needed to segment images. The proposed algorithm can efficiently improve segmentation accuracy and significantly reduce the speed of computational time.