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Determining a BMDL of Blood Lead Based on ADHD Scores Using a Semi-Parametric Regression
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 Title & Authors
Determining a BMDL of Blood Lead Based on ADHD Scores Using a Semi-Parametric Regression
Kim, Ah-Hyoun; Ha, Min-A; Kim, Byung-Soo;
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This paper derives a benchmark dose(BMD) and its 95% lower confidence limit(BMDL) using a semi-parametric regression model for small lead based changes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) scores in the first wave of the Children`s Health and Environment Research(CHEER) survey data, which have been regularly collected in South Korea since 2005. Ha et al. (2009) showed that the appearance of ADHD symptoms had a borderline trend of increasing with the blood lead concentration. Butdz-Jrgensen (EFSA, 2010a) derived the BMDL of lead corresponding to a benchmark region of 1 full intelligent quotient (IQ) score using the raw data in Lanphear et al. (2005, EHP). European Food Safety Authority (EFSA, 2010b) determined the BMDL of as a reference point for the characterization of lead when assessing the risk of the intellectual deficit measured by IQ scores. Kim et al. (2011) indicated that an even lower BMDL could be obtained based on the ADHD score; however, the BMDLs depended heavily upon the model assumptions. We show in this paper that a semi-parametric approach resolves the model dependence of BMDLs.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;benchmark dose lower limit;reference point;semi-parametric regression;
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동집단 자료의 주의력 결핍 과잉행동 장애를 종점으로 한 납의 벤치마크 용량 하한 도출,김병수;김대희;하미나;권호장;

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