JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effect of Feeding Whole-crop Barley Silage and Grass Hay on Productivity and Economic Efficiency in Elk (Cervus canadensis)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effect of Feeding Whole-crop Barley Silage and Grass Hay on Productivity and Economic Efficiency in Elk (Cervus canadensis)
Kim, Sang Woo; Suh, Sang Won; Kim, Dong Hoon; Kim, Jae Hwan; Kim, Young Sin; Kim, Kwan Woo; Yoon, Sei Hyung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary whole-crop barley silage on the daily feed intake, daily weight gain, velvet antler yield and economic efficacy in elk during growth. A total of 21 elk (average BW 303 kg, 5 years old) were allotted randomly to three treatments. The three treatments were T1 (hay diet), T2 (whole-crop barley silage), and T3 (50% hay + 50% whole-crop barley silage). The average daily weight gain of T3 was higher than the others throughout the entire experimental period. The average daily feed intake of elk in decreasing order was as follows; T1>T3>T2. The velvet antler yield was higher in T3 group (8,585 g) compared with T1 (8,037 g) and T2 (7,713 g). However, there were no significant differences in the average daily feed intake, average daily weight gain, or velvet antler yield (p>0.05). In economic efficacy, T3 was gained about 29~43% more value than T1 or T2. In conclusion, the mixed feeding of 50% hay and 50% whole-crop barley silage was more effective than feeding hay of barley alone, in terms of average daily weight gain, velvet antler yield, and economic efficacy in elk.
 Keywords
Whole-crop barley silage;Antler;Body weight;Feed intake;Elk;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 16thed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.

2.
Blaxter, K.L., Kay, R.N.B. and Sharman, G.A.M. 1974. Farming the red deer. The 1st report of an investigation by the Rowett Research Institute and the Hill Farming Research Organisation Dept. Agric. and Fisheries for Scotland, Edinburgh. pp. 42-47.

3.
Bruce, J. 1989. The effect of quality of roughage on feed intake, milk parameters and body weight in milking goats. M.Sc. thesis. Department of Animal Science, Agriculture. University of Norway. pp. 72.

4.
Choi, S.H., Kim, S.W., Hwangbo, S., Choe, C.Y. and Kim, J.H. 2010. Effects of the Castration Time on Growth Performance, Meat Quality and Fatty Acid Profiles of Korean Black Goats. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 52:37-42. crossref(new window)

5.
Duncan, B.D. 1955. Multiple Range and Multiple F test. Biometrics, 11:1-10. crossref(new window)

6.
Fennessy, P.F. and Suttie, J.M. 1985. Antler growth: Nutritional and endocrine factors. In: Biology of deer production. Fennessy, P.F. and Drew, K.R. (Ed.), Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin. 22:239-250.

7.
French, C.E., McEwen, L.C., Magruder, N.D., Ingram, R.H. and Swift, R.W. 1956. Nutrient requirements for growth and antler development in the white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management. 20:221-232. crossref(new window)

8.
Goering, H.K. and Van Soest, P.K. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis. USDA Agric. Handbook No. 379: Washington, D. C.

9.
Haigh, J.C. and Hudson, R.J. 1993. Farming wapiti and red deer. Mosby-Year Book, Inc. St. Louis, Missouri. pp. 149-153.

10.
Hwangbo, H., Choi, S.H., Kim, S.W., Kim, W.H., Son, D.S. and Jo, I.H. 2008. Effects of Dietary Concentrate Levels Based on Whole-Crop Barley Silage on Growth and Meat Quality in Growing Korean Black Goats. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 50:527-534. crossref(new window)

11.
Jackson, N. and Forbes, T.J. 1970. The voluntary intake by cattle of four silages differing in dry matter content. Animal Production. 12:591-599. crossref(new window)

12.
Kim, S.W., Yoon, S.H., Cho, Y.M., Choi, S.H., Suh, S.W., Kim, D.H., Kim, W.H., Seo, S. and Park, J.H. 2012. The Effect of Feeding Whole-crop Barley Silage on Feed Intake, Body Weight, Velvet Antler Yields and Economic Efficiency in Growing Sika Deer. Annals of Animal Resource Sciences. 23:89-94. crossref(new window)

13.
Kim, W.H. and Seo, S. 2006. Cultivation and Utilization Barley as the Main Winter Crop in Paddy Field. Proceedings of 2006 Annual Congress of Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science Conference. pp. 37-57.

14.
Kim, W.H., Shin, J.S., Seo, S., Chung, E.E., Rim, Y.C., Park, G.J., Choi, S.H., Lee, J.K. and Ryu, G.C. 2003a. Whole Crop Silage Making of Barley Produced in Paddy Find of Central and Northern Region. Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 23:289-292. crossref(new window)

15.
Kim, W.H., Seo, S., Yoon, S.H., Kim, K.Y., Cho, Y.M., Park, T.I., Koh, J.M. and Park, G.J. 2003b. Selection of Promising Barley Cultivar for Silage 2. Nutrient value and total digestible nutrient yield. Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 23:283-288. crossref(new window)

16.
Manninen, M., Virkajärvi, P. and Jauhiainen, L. 2005. Effect of whole-crop barley and oat silages on the performance of mature suckler cows and their progeny in outdoor winter feeding Original Research Article. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 121:227-242. crossref(new window)

17.
Manninen, M., Sankari, S., Jauhiainen, L., Kivinen, T., Anttila, P. and Soveri, T. 2008. Effects of outdoor winter housing and feeding level on performance and blood metabolites of suckler cows fed whole-crop barley silage. Livestock Science. 115:179- 194. crossref(new window)

18.
McDonald, T.J. and Nathanielsz, P.W. 1991. Bilateral destruction of the fetal paraventricular nuclei prolongs gestation in sheep. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 165:764-770. crossref(new window)

19.
MIFAFF (Ministry for Food Agriculture Forestry Fisheries), 2009. Major Statistics of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery. MIFAFF, Gwacheon, Republic of Korea.

20.
MIFAFF (Ministry for Food Agriculture Forestry Fisheries), 2011. Other livestock statistics. MIFAFF, Gwacheon, Republic of Korea.

21.
Morand-Fehr, P. 1981. Caracteristiques du comportement alimentaire et de la digestion des caprins. In: Morand-Fehr, P., Bourbouze, A., de Simiane, M. (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Nutrition and Systems of Goat Feeding. Tours, France. 12-15 May 1981. OM Press. France. pp. 21-45.

22.
Sauvant, D., Chilliard, Y. and Morand-Fehr, P. 1991. In "Goat Nutrition", (Ed.), Morand-Fehr, P. PUDOC: 61-72.

23.
Skjevdal, T. 1981. Effect on goat performance of given quantities of feed stuffs and their planned distribution during the cycle of reproduction. In: Morand-Fehr, P.Bourbouze. and A.de Simiane, M. (Ed.), Tours, Nutrition et Systems d'Alimentation de la Chevre. France. 300-318.

24.
Wahed, R.A. and Owen, E. 1986. The effect of amount offered on selection and intake of barley straw by goats. Animal Production 42:473.