Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effect of the Addition of Carbohydrate Sources on the Concentration of Odorous Compounds for Recycling of Pig Slurry to Grassland
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effect of the Addition of Carbohydrate Sources on the Concentration of Odorous Compounds for Recycling of Pig Slurry to Grassland
Cho, Sung Back; Hwang, Ok Hwa; Park, Kyu Hyeun; Choi, Dong Yun; Yang, Seung Bong; Kim, Do Hwan; Park, Sung Kwon;
  PDF(new window)
This study investigates the effect of fermentable carbohydrate on the concentration of odorous compounds in pig slurry. Four types of pig diet were studied: control, peanut hull (crude fiber 29.87, NDF 44.02%), golden fiber (crude fiber 48.77, NDF 65.88%), and almond hull (crude fiber 44.30, NDF 64.44%). Pigs (average BW 37.0 kg) were fed diets that met the Korean Feeding Standard (2012) and their excreta samples were collected from the slurry pits. Levels of volatile organic compounds (phenols and indoles) and volatile fatty acids were analyzed by gas chromatography. Phenol level was the lowest (p<0.05) in golden fiber (33.26 ppm) group and the highest in control (97.29 ppm). The concentration of indoles in the peanut hull (1.27 ppm), almond hull (1.20 ppm), and golden fiber (1.02 ppm) groups was lower (p < 0.05) than that of control (1.79 ppm). Levels of short chain fatty acid (SCFA) were lower (p < 0.05) in golden fiber (1,319 ppm) and almond hull (1,433 ppm) groups than in control (1,893 ppm). Concentration of branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) in the golden fiber group (74 ppm) was lower (p < 0.05) than that of control (98 ppm). Taken together, the concentration levels of phenols, indoles, and VFAs decreased on addition of peanut hull, golden fiber or almond hull to the diet, suggesting that fermentable carbohydrate may contribute to reducing odorous compounds in pig slurry.
Pig slurry;Odor;fermentable carbohydrate;Volatile organic compound;Volatile fatty acid;
 Cited by
Effect of horseradish, mushroom waste and almond hull on the concentrations of odorous compounds in swine manure for spreading on grassland in spring,;;;;;;

농업과학연구, 2016. vol.43. 4, pp.589-594 crossref(new window)
초지환원용 비육돈 슬러리의 계절에 따른 휘발성유기물과 휘발성지방산 농도 분석연구,조성백;양승학;이경태;박성권;한덕우;최동윤;황옥화;

한국초지조사료학회지, 2014. vol.34. 2, pp.125-128 crossref(new window)
초지환원용 비육돈의 분과 뇨에 있어서 휘발성유기물과 휘발성지방산 농도 비교,조성백;황옥화;양승학;곽정훈;최동윤;양성봉;김두환;박성권;

한국초지조사료학회지, 2014. vol.34. 2, pp.120-124 crossref(new window)
Comparison of Volatile Organic Compound and Volatile Fatty Acid Concentration in Feces and Urine of Finishing Pigs, Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2014, 34, 2, 120  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of Season on Volatile Organic Compounds and Volatile Fatty Acids Concentration in finishing Pig Slurry to Grassland, Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2014, 34, 2, 125  crossref(new windwow)
Annual Research Report, Ministry of Environment, Korea. 2006.

Conn, K.L., Topp, E. and Lazarovits, G. 2007. Factors influencing the concentration of volatile fatty acids, ammonia and other nutrients in stored liquid pig manure. Journal of Environmental Quality. 36:440-447. crossref(new window)

Cooper, P. and Cornforth, I.S. 1978. Volatile fatty acids in stored animal slurry. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 29:19-27. crossref(new window)

Duncan, D.B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometrics. 11:1-42. crossref(new window)

Getachew, G., Robinson, P.H., DePeters, E.J. and Taylor, S.J. 2004. Relationships between chemical composition, dry matter degradation and in vitro gas production of several ruminant feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 111:57-71. crossref(new window)

Gibson, G.R. and Roberfroid, M.B. 1995. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota introducing the concept of prebiotics. Journal of Nutrition. 125:1401-1412.

Goa, Y., Rideout, T., Lackeyram, D., Archbold, T., Fan, M.Z., Squires, E.J., Duns C.F.M. de Lange, G. and Smith, T.K. 1999. Manipulation of hindgut fermentation to reduce the excretion of selected odor-causing compounds in pigs. In: Proceedings of Canadian Pork Council: Symposium of The Hog Environmental Management Strategy, Ontario, Canada, 24-29.

Jensen, B.B. and Jorgensen, H. 1994. Effect of dietary fiber on microbial activity and microbial gas production in various regions of the gastrointestinal tract of pigs. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 60:1897-1904.

Jensen, M.T., Cox, R.P. and Jensen, B.B. 1995. 3-Methylindole (skatole) and indole production by mixed populations of pig fecal bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 61:180-3184.

Kim, Y.I., Bae, J.S., Jung, S.H., Ahn, M.H. and Kwak, W.S. 2007. Yield and physicochemical characteristics of spent mushroom (Pleurotus ryngii, Pleurotus osteratus and Ammulina velutipes) substrates according to mushroom species and cultivation types. Korea Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 49:79-88. crossref(new window)

Knarreborg, A., Beck, J., Jensen, M.T., Laue, A., Agergaard, N. and Jensen, B.B. 2002. Effects of non-starch polysaccharides on production and absorption of indolic compounds in entire male pigs. Animal Science. 74:445-453. crossref(new window)

Korean Feeding Standard, swine, 2012. National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, Korea.

Le, P.D., Aarnink, A.J.A., Jongbloed, A.W., van der Peet-Schwering, C.M.C., Ogink, N.W.M. and Verstegen, M.W.A. 2008. Interactive effects of dietary crude protein and fermentable carbohydrate levels on odour from pig manure. Livestock Science. 114:48-61. crossref(new window)

Le, P.D., Aarnink, A.J.A., Ogink, N.W.M., Becker, P.M. and Verstegen, M.W.A. 2005. Odour from animal production facilities: Its relationship to diet. Nutrition Research Review. 18:3-30. crossref(new window)

Lee, K.H., Hwang, O.H., Yang, S.H., Park, K.H., Lee, J.Y., Jeun, B.S., Ohh, S.J., Lee, S.S., Yoo, Y.H. and Cho, S.B. 2012. The effect of horseradish powder and mushroom waste in fattening pig diet on odorous compound concentration from slurry. Journal of Livestock House and Environment. 18:35-40.

Li, C.Y., Liu, J.X., Wang, Y.Z., Wu, Y.M., Wang, J.K. and Zhou, Y.Y. 2009. Influence of differing carbohydrate sources on L-tryptophan metabolism by porcine fecal microbiota studied in vitro. Livestock Science. 120:43-50. crossref(new window)

Mackie, R.I. 1994. Microbial production of odor components. In International round table on swine odor control. pp. 18-19. Ames, IA, USA.

McGill, A.E.J. and Jackson, N. 1977. Changes in short chain carboxylic acid content and chemical oxygen demand of stored pig slurry. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 28:424-430. crossref(new window)

Miller, D.N. and Varel, V.H. 2003. Swine manure composition affects the biochemical origins, composition, and accumulation of odorous compounds. Journal of Animal Science. 81:2131-2138. crossref(new window)

Odor Control Law, Ministry of Environment, Korea. 2006.

Overland, M., Kjos, N.K., Fauske, A.K., Teige, L. and Sorum, H. 2011. Easily fermentable carbohydrates reduce skatole formation in the distal intestine of entire male pigs. Livestock Science. 140:206-217. crossref(new window)

Parker, D.B., Lingshuang, C., Kim, K.H., Hales, K.E., Spiehs, M.J., Woodbury, D.L., Atkin, A.L., Nickerson, K.W. and Patefield, K.D. 2012. Reducing odorous VOC emissions from swine manure using soybean peroxidase and peroxides. Bioresource Technology. 124:95-104. crossref(new window)

Reid, C.A. and Hillman, K. 1999. The effects of retrogradation and amylose/amylopectin ratio of starches on carbohydrate fermentation and microbial population in the porcine colon. Animal Science. 68:503-510. crossref(new window)

Rideout, T.C., Fan, M.Z., Cant, J.P., Wagner-Riddle, C. and Stonehouse, P. 2004. Excretion of major odor-causing and acidifying compounds in response to dietary supplementation of chicory inulin in growing pig. Journal of Animal Science. 82:1678-1684. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1996. SAS/STAT(R) software for PC. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Schaefer, J. 1977. Sampling characterization and analysis of malodours. Agricultural Environment. 3:121-127. crossref(new window)

Spoelstra, S.F. 1977. Simple phenols and indoles in anaerobically stored piggery wastes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 28:415-423. crossref(new window)

Spoelstra, S.F. 1980. Origin of objectionable odorous components in piggery wastes and the possibility of applying indicator components for studying odour development. Agricultural Environment. 5:241-260. crossref(new window)

Sutton, A.L., Kephart, K.B., Verstegen, M.W., Canh, T.T. and Hobbs, P.J. 1999. Potential for reduction of odorous compounds in swine manure through diet modification. Journal of Animal Science. 77:430-439. crossref(new window)

Williams, A.G. and Evans, M.R. 1981. Storage of piggery slurry. Agricultural Wastes. 3:11-321.

Willing, S., Losel, D. and Claus, R. 2005. Effects of resistant potato starch on odor emission from feces in swine production units. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry. 53:1173-1178. crossref(new window)

Wu, J.J., Park, S.H., Hengemuehle, S.M., Yokoyama, M,T., Person, H.L., Gerrish, J.B. and Masten, S.J. 1999. The use of ozone to reduce the concentration of malodorous metabolites in swine manure slurry. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research. 72:317-327. crossref(new window)

Zahn, J.A., Dispirotp, A.A., Do, Y.S., Brooks, B.E., Cooper, E.E. and Hatfield, J.L. 2001. Correlation of human olfactory responses to airborne concentration of malodorous volatile organic compounds emitted from swine effluent. Journal of Environmental Quality. 30:624-634. crossref(new window)