Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Evaluation of Characteristics, Winter Survival and Forage Production for Warm Season Grass in the Mid-Southern Regions of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Evaluation of Characteristics, Winter Survival and Forage Production for Warm Season Grass in the Mid-Southern Regions of Korea
Park, Hyung Soo; Jung, Min Woong; Jung, Yong Bok; Lim, Young Chul; Choi, Ki Choon; Kim, Ji Hye; Lee, Ki Won; Choi, Gi Jun;
  PDF(new window)
Field studies were conducted from the years 2009 to 2012 in order to determine the cultivation limit as well as to evaluate the characteristics and forage production of warm season grass in Korea. Two bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] cultivars, two bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) cultivars and a Kleingrass [Panicum coloratum L.] cultivar were compared for forage production and quality in the mid-southern regions of Korea. The experimental design was a randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. The number of days to seedling emergence for bremudagrass and bahiagrass was observed as approximately 12 days and 28 days after seeding, respectively. In Kwangju, the heading dates of bahiagrass and kleingrass were 21 August and 10 July, respectively,. Warm season grass did not winter in the mid-regions (Kimjea, Cheonan) of Korea. All of the Bermudagrass cultivars had higher dry matter (DM) than bahiagrass at the first harvest. The dry matter yield of kleingrass was usually greater than the other entries at all study sites. Peak forage DM production of bermudagrass and bahiagrass cultivars occurred in June and July, respectively. The contents of crude protein (CP) and total digestibility nutrient (TDN) for bermudagrass cultivars were usually greater than the other entries at all study sites. Further, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and in vitro DM digestibility (IVDMD) were similar across all cultivars.
Warm season grass;Yield;Quality;Winter survival;Bermudagrass;Bahiagrass;
 Cited by
여름철 버뮤다그라스, 클라인그라스 및 테프그라스의 생육특성, 생산성 및 사료가치 비교,박형수;최기춘;김지혜;이상훈;정종성;

한국초지조사료학회지, 2015. vol.35. 1, pp.36-42 crossref(new window)
Comparison of Growth Characteristics, Forage Production and Feed Values of Bermudagrass, Teffgrass and Kleingrass as Annual Forage Crop in Summer, Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2015, 35, 1, 36  crossref(new windwow)
ANKOM Technology. 2005a. Method for determining neutral detergent fiber. ANKOM Technology, Fairport, NY. http://www.ankom. com/09_procedures /procedures2.shtml. Accessed May 8, 2005.

ANKOM Technology. 2005b. Method for determining acid detergent fiber. ANKOM Technology, Fairport, NY. 09_procedures /proceduresl.shtml. Accessed May 8, 2005.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Barbehenn R.V., Chen, Z., Karowe, D.N. and Spickard, A. 2004. C3 grasses have higher nutritional quality than C4 grasses under ambient and elevated atmospheric $CO_2$. Glob. Change Biol. 10:1565-1575. crossref(new window)

Barnes, Robert F., Darrell A. Miller, and Jerry, C. Nelson (eds.). 2007. Forages: The Science of Grassland Agriculture. 6th ed. Vol. 2. Blackwell publishing. pp. 88.

Chambliss, C.G. 2003. Tifton 9 Pensacola Bahiagrass1. Publication # SS-AGR-25. University of Florida Extension, Gainesville.

Evers, G.W. and Parsons, M.J. 2002. Comparison of seeded and vegetatively planted bermudagrasses. Research Center Technical Report No. 2002-1. Texas A&M Univ., Overton, TX. pp. 41-42.

Goering, H.K. and P.J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis. Ag. Handbook. No. 379. ARS. USDA: Washington DC.

Henderson, M.S and Robinson, D.L. 1982. Environmental influences on fiber component concentrations of warm-season perennial grasses. Agronomy J. J. 74:573-579. crossref(new window)

Henry A. Fribourg and Joseph R. Overton. 1973. Forage Production on Bermudagrass Sods Overseeded with Tall Fescue and Winter Annual Grasses. Agronomy Journal. 65(2):295-298 crossref(new window)

Hodgson, H.J. 1949. Effect of heat and acid scarification on germination of seed of Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum, Flugge). Agron. J., 41: 531-533. crossref(new window)

Hsu, F.H. 1985. Temperature effects on germination of perennial warm-season forage grasses. Crop science. 25:215-220. crossref(new window)

Huxely, A.(ed.). 1992. New RHS Dictionary of Gardening, Lawns : ch. 3: pp.26-33. (Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-47494-5).

Jones, C.A. 1985. C4 Grasses and Cereals. Growth, Development and Stress Response. John Wiley and Sons, New York. pp. 419.

Lalman, D.L., Taliaferro, C.M., Epplin, F.M., Johnson, C.R. and Wheeler, J.S. 2000. Review: Grazing stockpiled bermudagrass as an alternative to feeding harvested forage. Proceedings of the American Society of Animal Sciences. Available online at

Moore, R.E. 1970. Procedure for the two-stage in vitro digestion of forage. Univ. of Florida, Dept. of Animal Sci.

Munshaw, G.C., Ervin, E.H., Shang, C., Askew, S.D. and Lemus, R. 2006. Influence of late-season iron, nitrogen, and seaweed extract on fall color retention and cold tolerance of four bermudagrass cultivars. Crop Sci. 46:273-283. crossref(new window)

Park, H.S., Park, N.G., Kim, J.G., Choi, K.C., Lim, Y.C., Choi, G.J. and Lee, K.W. 2012, Evaluation of characteristics and forage production for Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) and Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) in Jeju, J. Kor. Grassl. Forage Sci. 32(2):131-138. crossref(new window)

RDA. 1969. Jeju Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Report Rural Development Administration. pp. 269-294.

Reid, R.L., Jung, G.A. and Thayne, W.V. 1988. Relationships between nutritive quality and fiber components of cool season and warm season forages: A retrospective study. J. Anim. Sci. 66:1275.

Tilley, J.M.A and Terry, R.A. 1963. A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion fo forage crops. J. Bri. Grassl. Soc. 18:104-111. crossref(new window)