Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Black Sugar® and Mineral® Supplementation on Growth performance and Meat Quality of Hamwoo Steers in Fattening Period
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Black Sugar® and Mineral® Supplementation on Growth performance and Meat Quality of Hamwoo Steers in Fattening Period
Kim, Kwan Sik; Lee, Sang Moo;
  PDF(new window)
This study was carried out investigate the effects of dietary addition of mineral and sugar on the dry matter intake, daily gain, yield grade and quality grade of Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) steers. Three diets fed to steers included a control diet (concentrate mix and rice straw : C) and two treatments diet (control diet + black sugar 100 g + mineral 100 g : T1, and control diet + black sugar 150 g + mineral 50 g : T2). The results are summarized as follows; total feeding intake, body weight gain and daily gain did not show significant differences among the three treatments. Cold carcass weight was significantly (p<0.05) higher in T2 than in the other two treatments (C and T1). There was no significant difference in yield traits of back fat thickness, longissimus muscle area and yield grade among the three treatments (C, T1 and T2). Marbling score showed significantly (p<0.05) higher in order of T2 (5.67) > T1 (4.67) > C (3.67). Meat color, fat color, texture and maturity were no significant difference. Quality grade was higher in T2 than in the other two treatments (C and T1), but there was no significant difference. The results show that marbling score and quality grade of Hanwoo can be increased by high dry matter intake with feeding addition of mineral and sugar.
Black sugar;Mineral;Intake;Meat quality;
 Cited by
Effect of Feeding a Mixed Microbial Culture Fortified with Trace Minerals on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Late-fattening Hanwoo Steers: A Field Study,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2015. vol.28. 11, pp.1592-1598 crossref(new window)
Effect of Feeding a Mixed Microbial Culture Fortified with Trace Minerals on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Late-fattening Hanwoo Steers: A Field Study, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2015, 28, 11, 1592  crossref(new windwow)
AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of analysis. 17th ed. Association of analytical chemist, Washington, DC., USA.

APGS. 2009. Grade Rule for Cattle Carcass in Korea.

Baker, F.S. 1966. ground snapped verus ground shelled com with different roughages and with citrus pulp in steer fattening rations. Florida Agr. Exp. Sta. NFES Mimeo Rpt. 56:3.

Berthiaume, R., Benchaar, C., Chaves, A.V., Tremblay, G.F., Castonguay, Y., Bertrand, A., Belanger, G., Michaud, R., Lafreniere, C. and McAllister, T.A. 2010. Effects of nonstructural carbohydrate concentration in alfalfa on fermentation and microbial protein synthesis in continuous culture. Journal of Dairy Science. 93:693-700. crossref(new window)

Bowman, R.L. and Huber, O.T. 1967. Effect of dietary lactose on milk composition and rumen volatile fatty acids. Joural of Dairy Sci. 29:542-543.

Bringe, A.N. and Schulty, L.H. 1969. Effects of added bentonite in ruminants. Journal of Dairy Science. 52:465. crossref(new window)

Britton, R.A., Colling, D.P. and Klopfenstein, T.J. 1978. Effect of complexing soudim bentonite with soybean meal or urea in vitro ruminal ammonia release and nitrogen utilization in ruminants. Joural of Animal Science. 46:1738. crossref(new window)

Campbell, C.M., Cobb, E.H., Wayman O. and Lee, J. 1970. Effects of molasses and urea level in feedlot rations for steers. Proc., Western Sect. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 21:201-206.

Cho, W.M,. Jeong, H.Y., Moon, J.S., Kang, S.W., Kim, J.S., Kim, J.S., Kim, Y.K. and Lee, I.D. 2000. Effect of supplementation of reddish clay on the growth performance and immunity in Holstein calves. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 42(6):881-890.

Cooper, D.P., Goodrich, R.D. and Meiske, J.C. 1978. Comparison of hemicellulose extract with cane molasses in finishing beef rations. 1978 Minnesota Cattle Feeders' Rpt., Minnesota Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. Rpt. B-246.

Corrêa, C.E.S., Pereira, M.N., Oliveira, S.G.d. and Ramos, M.H. 2003. Performance of Holstein cows fed sugarcane or corn silages of different grain textures. Scientia Agricola. 60:621-629. crossref(new window)

DeVries, T.J. and Gill, R.M. 2012. Adding liquid feed to a total mixed ration reduces feed sorting behavior and improves productivity of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 95:2648-2655. crossref(new window)

Emanuele, S.M. 2004. Sugar in diets for dairy cows. Proceedings of 65th Minnesota Nutrition Conference, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnessota. p 241.

Findlay, M.P. 1983. Molasses in beef nutrition. National Feed Ingredients Association. West des Moines, Iowa. p 3-9.

Firkins, J.L. and Eastridge, M.L. 2010. Addition of sugars to dairy rations. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Tri-State Dairy Nutrition Conference, Grand Wayne Center, Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA. pp. 91-105.

Grant, R.J., Haddad, S.G., Moore, K.J. and Pedersen, J.F. 1995. Brown midrib sorghum silage for mid-lactation dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 78:1970-1980. crossref(new window)

Hall, M.B., Herejk, C. 2001. Differences in yields of microbial crude protein from in vitro fermentation of carbohydrates. Journal of Dairy Science. 84:2486-2493. crossref(new window)

Hall, M.B., Larson, C.C. and Wilcox, C.J. 2010. Carbohydrate source and protein degradability alter lactation, r - uminal, and blood measures. Journal of December airy Science. 93:311-322.

Hatch, C.F. and Beeson, W.M. 1972. Effect of different levels of cane molasses on nitrogen and energy utilization in urea rations for steers. Journal of Animal Science. 35:854-858. crossref(new window)

Hoover, W.H., Tucker, C., Harris, J., Sniffen, C.J. and de Ondarza, M.B. 2006. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 128:307-319. crossref(new window)

Ivancic, J. and Weiss, W.P. 2001. Effect of dietary sulfur and selenium concentrations on selenium balance of lactating holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 84:225-232. crossref(new window)

kellogg, D.W. and Owen, F.G. 1969. Relation of ration sucrose level and grain content to lactation performance and rumen fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science. 52:657-662. crossref(new window)

Kim, B.K. 2006. Effects of Feeding High Quality Roughage (Timothy Hay) during Growing Period on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Hanwoo Steers. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources. 26(2):212-217.

Kim, S.H., Byun, S.H., Lee, S.M., Hwang, J.H., Jeon, B.Y., Moon, S.H., Sung, S.H. 2007. Effects of Supplementation Period and Levels of Fermented Mineral Feed ($Power-Mix^{(R)}$) on the Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Hanwoo Steer. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources. 27(4):450-456. crossref(new window)

Lee, S.M., Kim, Y.I. and Kwak, W.S. 2010. Effects of dietary Addition of bentonite on manure gas emission, health, production, and meat characteristics of Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) Steers. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. (12):1594-1600. crossref(new window)

Lishman, A.W. 1967. Cane molasses as a substitute for maize in beef finishing rations. South. Africa. Journal of Agriculture Science. 10:51-60.

Martin, L.C., Clifford, A.J. and Tilllman, A.D. 1969. Studies on sodium bentonite in ruminate diets containing urea. Journal of Animal Science. 41:396.

Martin, R.J. and Wing, J.M. 1966. Effect of molasses level on digestibility of a high concentrate ration and on molar proportions of volatile fatty acid produced in the rumen of dairy steers. Journal of Dairy Science. 49:846-849. crossref(new window)

Marty, R.J. and Preston, T.R. 1970. Molar proportion of the short chain volatile fatty acids (VFA) produced in the rumen of cattle given high molasses diets. Rev. Cubana Cienc. Agr. (Eng. Ed.) 4:183-186.

Milne, T.A. and Froseth, J.A. 1982. Zeolites reduced pigs scours, but didn't improve feed gain. Feed Stuffs 54, 13.

NRC. 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th Revised Edition.

Owen, F.G., Kellogg and Howard, W.T. 1967. Effect of molasses in normal and high grain rations on utilization of nutrients for lactation. Journal of Dairy Science. 50:1120-1125. crossref(new window)

Pate, F.M. 1983. Molasses in beef nutrition, molasses in animal nutrition. National Feed Ingredients Association, West Des Moines, Iowa. p29.

Pehrson, B., Svensson, C. and Jonson, M. 1988. A comparative study of the effectiveness of calcium propionate and calcium chloride for the prevention of parturient paresis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 81:2011-2016.

Rindsig, R.B., Schulty, L.H. and Shook, G.E. 1969. Effects of added bentonite in ruminants. Journal of Dairy Science. 52:1770. crossref(new window)

Rumsey, T.S., Bond, J., Hart, R.H. and Carlson, G.E. 1971. Ruminal NH, pH and VFA of beef cattle on orchard grass pasture and self-fed liquid molasses-urea or ground corn-fat supplements. Journal of Animal Science. 33:57-513.

SAS. 2002. SAS/STAT software for PC. Release 9.1, SAS institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA.

Seibet, G.D. 1978. Digestibility and rate of passage of sugar cane bagasse rations containing different sources of readily digestible cabohydrates. M. S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Tas, B.M., Taweel, H.Z., Smit, H.J., Elgersma, A., Dijkstra, J. and Tamminga, S. 2006. Rumen degradation characteristics of perennial ryegrass cultivars during the growing season. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 131:103-120. crossref(new window)

Wensing, C.X. and Beynen, A.C. 1998. Effect of high calcium intake on fat digestion and bile acid excretion in feces of veal calves. Journal of Dairy Science. 81:2173-2177. crossref(new window)

Willson, A.M., Work, T.M. and Bushway, A.A. 1981. HPLC determination of glucose and sucrose in potatoes. Journal of Food Science. 46:300-306. crossref(new window)

Yang, C.B., Kim, J.D., Cho, W.T. and Han, I.K. 2000. Effect of dietary Cheju scoria meal on the performance of swine. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 42, 467-476.