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Effect of Homofermentative and Heterofermentative Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Quality and Aerobic Stability of Silage : Meta-Analysis
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Homofermentative and Heterofermentative Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Quality and Aerobic Stability of Silage : Meta-Analysis
Cho, Sangbuem; Kang, Jung Sun; Cho, Kyung Jin; Lee, Kang Hee; Kwon, Chan Ho; Song, Jaeyong; Lee, Kihwan; Kim, Su Yeon; Kim, Eun Joong;
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In the silage quality, the process of fermentation and use of micro-organism as starter cultures are crucial. The present study investigated the effect of homo and heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria as a starter culture strain on the silage quality and its aerobic stability using meta-analysis. Total 19 studies were used in the analysis. According to the strains of lactic acid bacteria used, experimental groups were assigned to heterofermentative (HEL), mixture of hetero and homofermentative (HHO), homofermentative (HOL) and various homofermentative (HOM). In each experimental group, standardized result of the treatment (with inoculant) was compared with the control (without inoculant) using risk ratio calculation method. The effect of experimental group was also compared. Different starter culture strains did not influence on silage pH and propionic acid production. However, lactic acid and acetic acid production were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by the start culture strains. HOM showed the greatest lactic acid production and HEL was the lowest. In contrast, HEL showed the greatest in acetic acid production and HOM and HOL were the lowest. In terms of ammonia nitrogen, HHO produced more (p<0.05) than the rest of the treatment. In crude protein and water soluble carbohydrate contents, there were no significant effects among treatments. Different strain of lactic acid bacteria significantly influenced on the effect of aerobic stability (p<0.05). Use of heterofermentative showed greater aerobic stability and the use of homofermentative lactic acid bacteria.
Homofermentative;Heterofermentative;Silage;Aerobic stability;Meta-analysis;
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