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Synthesis of N,N-Dimethylacetamide from Carbonylation of Trimethylamine by Rhodium(I) Complex Under Anhydrous Condition
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  • Journal title : Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
  • Volume 8, Issue 4,  2015, pp.235-243
  • Publisher : The Research Institute of Chosun Natural Science
  • DOI : 10.13160/ricns.2015.8.4.235
 Title & Authors
Synthesis of N,N-Dimethylacetamide from Carbonylation of Trimethylamine by Rhodium(I) Complex Under Anhydrous Condition
Hong, Jang-Hwan;
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 Abstract
Rhodium(I)-complex of catalyzed carbonylation of anhydrous-trimethylamine in the presence of methyl iodide to give DMAC (N,N-dimethylacetamide) in no solvent. The catalyst had been reused 20 times, the analyses and distillation of collected products showed that the yields of DMAC, MAA (N-methylacetamide), and DMF (N,N-dimethylformamide) were 82.3%, 12.6%, and 4.4%. The conversion rate of trimethylamine was 99 % and the selectivity of DMAC was 82.3% with TON (Turnover Number) of 700. Stepwise procedure of inner-sphere reductive elimination for the formation of DMAC was suggested instead of acyl iodide intermediate.
 Keywords
Rhodium;Carbonylation;Trimethylamine;Dimethylacetamide;Tetramethylammonium Iodide;Intramolecular;Inner-sphere;Reductive-elimination;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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