Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study of Optimal Location and Allocation to Improve Accessibility of Automated External Defibrillator
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study of Optimal Location and Allocation to Improve Accessibility of Automated External Defibrillator
Kwon, Pil; Lee, Youngmin; Yu, Kiyun; Lee, Won Hee;
  PDF(new window)
On account of population aging and increasing cardiovascular disorders, acute cardiac arrest cases are escalating each year. In order to increase the survival rate of the patients, rapid cardiopulmonary resuscitation is necessary. For this reason, the government is expanding the supply of Automated External Defibrillators(AED). However, the AEDs cannot be effectively deployed to the incident cases that occur outdoors, for the installed AEDs are mostly located indoors. After analyzing the distribution of incident cases within the study area, about 11% of cardiac arrest incidents occurred in open spaces including sidewalks and residential areas. This study was conducted to increase the survival rate of the patients by allocating 41 additional AEDs in the study area using a GIS based location-allocation method. To conduct a feasibility study, the density of a senior floating population covered by the same number of AEDs placed at random and the density covered by the experiment were compared. In conclusion, having excluded outliers caused by geological and social factors, results showed that AEDs placed through GIS based location-allocation covered 5% more of the senior floating population density.
GIS;Network Analysis;AED;Location Allocation;Cardiac Arrest;
 Cited by
Arifin, S. (2011), Location Allocation Problem Using Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing. A Case Study Based on School in Enschede, Master's thesis, the University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands, 92p.

Bandyopadhyay, M., Singh, M., and Singh, V. (2012), Spatial pattern analysis for finding weighted candidate set for p-median problem in locating emergency facilities, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 69-74.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), Development of Guidelines for Citizens' Action to Sudden Cardiac Arrest. (in Korean)

Centeral Emergency Medical Center (2013), Installed location, Centeral Emergency Medical Center (last date accessed: 3 March 2016). (in Korean)

Deo, R., and Albert, C. M. (2012), Epidemiology and genetics of sudden cardiac death, Circulation, Vol. 125, No. 4, pp. 620-637. crossref(new window)

Esri (2014), Algorithms used by the ArcGIS network analyst extension, Esri, (late date accessed: 8 March, 2016).

Griffith, D. A. (2003), Using estimated missing spatial data with the 2-median model, Annals of Operations Research, Vol. 122, No. 1-4, pp. 233-247. crossref(new window)

Hakimi, S. L., (1964), Optimum locations of switching centers and the absolute centers and medians of a graph, Operations Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 450-459. crossref(new window)

Hakimi, S. L. (1965), Optimum distribution of switching centers in a communication network and some related graph theoretic problems, Operations Research, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 462-475. crossref(new window)

Han, J. Y., (2014), The systematization of waste landfill site selection process utilizing GIS, Journal of the Korean Society for Geo-spatial Information System, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 21-30. (in Korean with English abstract)

Jin, S. M. (2013), The Public Perception and Importance of Public Education and Information about Automated External Defibrillator (AED). Master's thesis, Kyungpook National University, Daegu. South Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)

Jude, J. R., Kouwenhoven, W. B., and Knickerbocker, G. G. (1961), Cardiac arest: Report of aplication of eternal cardiac massage on 118 patients, JAMA, Vol. 178 No. 11, pp. 1063-1070. crossref(new window)

Kim, H. B., and Kim, S. (2006), A site selection of public facility based on an accessibility theory and GIS spatial analysis technologies, Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 26, No. 3D, pp. 385-391. (in Korean with English abstract)

Kim, J., Huh, Y., Kim, J. O., and Lee, J. B. (2015), Proposal for the generation of network data for pedestrians in South Korea using large-scale maps, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 1483-1491. crossref(new window)

Kim, J., Yu, K., and Kim, J. O., (2009), Proposing construction of pedestrian path network from the existing geospatial data sets, Proceedings of Korean Journal of Geomatics 2009 Spring conference, April, pp. 7-9. (in Korean with English abstract)

Kim, K., (2008), Location optimization in heterogeneous sensor network configuration for security monitoring, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 220-234.

Kim, K., Shin, J., Lee, G., and Cho, D. (2009), A location model and algorithm for visiting health-care districting for the rural elderly, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, Vol. 44, No. 6, pp. 813-831. (in Korean with English abstract)

Kim, M. J., and Kim, K. (2013), Spatial optimization approaches to redistricting for national assembly election : A case study on Yongin city, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 387-401. (in Korean with English abstract)

Korea Consumer Agency (2014), Emergency Medical Treatment Safety Research on the Actual Condition -Focused on AED-, pp. 1-54. (in Korean)

Lee, G., and Kim, K. (2013), Spatial location modeling for the efficient placements of the super WiFi facilities utilizing white spaces, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, Vol. 48 No. 2, pp. 259-271. (in Korean with English abstract)

Lee, G., and Murray, A. T. (2010), Maximal covering with network survivability requirements in wireless mesh networks, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 49-57. crossref(new window)

Lee, J., Son, S., and Chung, D. (2015), A study on usability of Automated External Defibrillator(AED) for public area, Journal of Integrated Design Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 19-32. (in Korean with English abstract)

Lee, S.-I., and Kim, K. (2012), Geospatial analysis and modeling in Korea, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 606-624.

Lim, W., Ryu, T., Choi, H., Choi, H. S., and Chung, M. K. (2006), A comparison of gait characteristics between Korean and western young people, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 33-41. (in Korean with English abstract)

Martí, R. M. (2013), UJI Navigation Network, Development of a Pedestrian Spatial Network within the University Jaume I of Castellón. Master's thesis, the University Jaume I of Castellón, Castellon, Spain.

Oh, Y., Lee, S., Choi, S., and Na, H. (2008), Usability study on automatic external defibrillator, Proceedings of the IEIE 2008 Summer conference, June, pp. 133-134. (in Korean with English abstract)

Park, B., Lee, K. J., and Choi, K. (2013), Optimum location choice for bike parking lots using heuristic p-median algorithm, Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 1989-1998. (in Korean with English abstract) crossref(new window)

Schietzelt, T. H., and Densham, P. J. (2003), Locationallocation in GIS. Portland State University, (last date accessed: 14 April 2016).

Shariff, S. R., Moin, N. H., and Omar, M., (2012), Location allocation modeling for healthcare facility planning in Malaysia, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 1000-1010. crossref(new window)

Yonhapnews. (2016), 1755 thousand people transported by 911 ambulance... Only 41% arrived within 5 minutes. Yonhapnews. (last date accessed: 14 April 2016). (in Korean)