JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Survey of Time Synchronization Techniques in Underwater Acoustic Networks
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Survey of Time Synchronization Techniques in Underwater Acoustic Networks
Cho, A-Ra; Yun, Changho; Lim, Yong-Kon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Time synchronization becomes a critical issue in underwater acoustic networks (UANets) because nodes cooperate together or individually work by communicating each other in diverse underwater applications. Compared with the time synchronization approaches in terrestrial networks, several intrinsic limitations of UANets (e.g., the unavailability of GPS, long propagation delay, mobility due to currents, limited energy consumption, or low data rate) need to be considered in synchronizing the timing among underwater nodes. For the purpose of developing more efficient time synchronization protocols for UANets, we review the existing approaches, which estimate both the clock offset and the clock skew of underwater nodes. Finally, we outline the state-of-the art time synchronization protocols for UANets by comparing and summarizing them according to their synchronization characteristics.
 Keywords
Underwater acoustic networks;Time synchronization;Clock offset;Clock skew;Propagation delay;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
수중-육상 네트워크 연계용 게이트웨이 부이시스템 개발 및 실 해역 성능 검증,이정희;박종원;박진영;서수진;임용곤;

한국통신학회논문지, 2015. vol.40. 6, pp.1200-1207 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
B. Sundararaman, U. Buy, and A. D. Kshemkalyani, "Clock synchronization for wireless sensor networks: A survey," Ad Hoc Netw. vol. 3, pp. 281-323, May 2005. crossref(new window)

2.
I-K. Rhee, J. Lee, J. Kim, E. Serpedin, and Y.C. Wu, "Clock synchronization in wireless sensor networks: an overview," Sensors, vol. 9, pp. 56-85, Jan, 2009. crossref(new window)

3.
P. Ranganathan and K. Nygard, "Time Synchronization in Wireless Sensor Networks: A survey," Int. J. UbiComp, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 92-102, Apr. 2010. crossref(new window)

4.
J. Elson, L. Girod, and D. Estrin, "Fine-grained network time synchronization using reference broadcasts," in 5th symp. Operating systems design and implementation, Digital Library, pp. 147-163, New York, 2002.

5.
S. Ganeriwal, R. Kumar, and M. Srivastava, "Timing sync protocol for sensor networks," ACM SenSys, Los Angeles, Nov. 2003.

6.
M. Marooti, B. Kusy, G. Simon, and A. Ledeczi, "The flooding time synchronization protocol," ACM SenSys, pp. 39-49, Baltimore, Maryland, 2004,

7.
J. V. Greunen and J. Rabaey, "Lightweight time synchronization for sensor networks," ACM WSNA, pp. 11-19, San Diego, CA, Sept. 2003.

8.
J. Heidemann, W. Ye, J. Wills, A. Syed, and Y. Li., "Research challenges and applications for underwater sensor networking," IEEE Wireless Commun. Netw. Conf., pp. 228-235, Washington, 2006.

9.
A. Syed and J. Heidemann. "Time synchronization for high latency acoustic networks," in Proc. IEEE Infocom, Barcelona, Spain, Apr. 2006.

10.
N. Chirdchoo, W. S. Soh, K. C. Chua, "MU-Sync: A time synchronization protocol for underwater mobile networks," in Proc. WUWNet'08, pp. 35-42, 2008.

11.
J. Liu, Z. Zhou, Z. Peng, and J-H. Cui, "Mobi-Sync: Efficient time synchronization for mobile underwater sensor networks," IEEE Trans. on Parallel and Distributed Syst., Vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 406-416, Feb. 2013. crossref(new window)

12.
F. Lu, D. Mirza, and C. Schurger, "D-Sync: Doppler based time synchronization for mobile underwater sensor networks," ACM WUWNET, Woods Hole, MA, 2010.

13.
J. Liu, Z. Wang, M. Zuba, Z. Peng, J. Cui, and S. Zhou, "DA-SYNC: A doppler assisted time synchronization scheme for mobile underwater sensor networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 13. no. 3, pp. 582-595, Mar. 2014. crossref(new window)

14.
J. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Peng, M. Zuba, J.-H. Cui, and S. Zhou, "TSMU: A time synchronization scheme for mobile underwater sensor networks," IEEE GLOBECOM, pp. 1-6, Dec. 2011.

15.
J. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Peng, M. Zuba, J.-H. Cui, and S. Zhou, "JSL: Joint time synchronization and localization design with stratification compensation in mobile underwater sensor networks," IEEE Commun. Soc. Conf. Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Commun. Netw. (SECON), pp. 317-325, Jun. 2012.

16.
C. R. Berger, S. Zhou, P. Willett, and L. Liu, "Stratification effect compensation for improved underwater acoustic ranging," IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 539-546, 2008.

17.
A. R. Cho, C. Y. Yun, J. W. Park, and Y. K. Lim, "Mobile nodes based adaptable TDMA for clustered underwater acoustic network," in Proc. KICS Int. Conf. Commun. 2009 (KICS ICC 2009), pp. 282-283, Korea, Jun. 2009.

18.
C. Y. Yun, J. W. Park, Y. C. Choi, A. R. Cho, and Y. K. Lim, "Clustered TDMA (CTDMA) MAC protocol for underwater acoustic networks," in Proc. KICS Int. Conf. Commun. 2009 (KICS ICC 2009), pp. 266-267, Korea, Jun. 2009.

19.
S. K. Kim, S. J. Park, and Y. H. Yoo, "Time Synchronization with Oceanic Movement Pattern in Underwater Wireless Networks," The J. Korea Inf. and Comm. Society (KICS), vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 486-496, May 2013. crossref(new window)