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Effects of Dietary Resveratrol on Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Parameter, Immunoglobulin, and Blood Antioxidant Activity in Broiler Chicks
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Poultry Science
  • Volume 42, Issue 2,  2015, pp.147-156
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Poultry Science
  • DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2015.42.2.147
 Title & Authors
Effects of Dietary Resveratrol on Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Parameter, Immunoglobulin, and Blood Antioxidant Activity in Broiler Chicks
Kim, Dong-Wook; Hong, Eui-Chul; Ji, Sang-Yoon; Lee, Wang-Shik; Bang, Han-Tae; Kang, Hwan-Ku; Kim, Hyun-Soo; Kim, Sang-Ho;
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This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary resveratrol on growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, immunoglobulin, and blood antioxidant activity in broiler chicks. Three hundred twenty one-day old broiler chicks were divided 8 treatments (C(-), basal diet; C(+), basal diet with antibiotics; DL--tocopherol 20 IU; DL--tocopherol 200 IU; resveratrol 20 ppm; resveratrol 200 ppm; methylated resveratrol 20 ppm; methylated resveratrol 200 ppm) with 4 replicates and 10 birds per replicate. Birds were reared for 35 days, and, at the age of 35 days, eight birds of average weight from each replicate were selected for blood samples collection. There were no significant differences on feed intake and feed conversion ratio. But final body weight and weight gain in antibiotics, resveratrol and methylated resveratrol treatments were significantly higher than no-antibiotics and -tocopherol treatments (P<0.05). There were no significant differences on carcass rate and relative organ weights among treatments, however, weights of liver and bursa of februcius in antibiotics, resveratrol and methylated resveratrol treatment were lower than other treatments. Weight of pancreas was high in resveratrol and methylated treatment. On the cecal microflora (total microbes, Coliform bacteria, Salmonella spp., and lactic acid bacteria), these in resveratrol and methylated resveratrol treatments didn't show the differences compared with those in no-antibiotics, antibiotics, and -tocopherol treatments. In the serum, there were no significant differences on creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total protein, albumin, globulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) among treatments, though globulin contents of reseveratrol 200 ppm and methylated resveratrol 20 ppm treatments decreased compared to those of other treatments. Immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG and IgM) were significantly decreased in antibiotics and resveratrol treatments compared to that of no-antibiotics and -tocopherol treatments (P<0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) like activity tended to increase in resveratrol groups (P<0.05), however, there was no significant difference on malondiakdehyde (MDA) content among treatments. In conclusion, these results showed that resveratrol derived from mulberry can be used as alternative of antibiotics through improvement of broiler's performance and maintain of health.
resveratrol;broiler;blood biochemical parameter;immunoglobulin;blood antioxidant activity;
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