Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of By-Products of Herbal Medicine on Performance, Intestinal Microbial Population, Blood Biochemical Profiles and Immunological Parameters in Broiler Chicks
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Poultry Science
  • Volume 42, Issue 4,  2015, pp.307-314
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Poultry Science
  • DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2015.42.4.307
 Title & Authors
Effects of By-Products of Herbal Medicine on Performance, Intestinal Microbial Population, Blood Biochemical Profiles and Immunological Parameters in Broiler Chicks
Jang, In-Surk;
  PDF(new window)
The study was carried out to investigate the effects of by-products of herbal medicines on performance, enteric microflora and blood biochemical profiles and immunological parameters in broiler chicks. A total of ninety-six, 3-d-old birds were assigned to a basal diet (CON) or a basal diet supplemented with 0.15 % (HM1), 0.3% (HM2) or 0.5% (HM3) by-products of herbal medicines. There was a significantly (p<0.05) improved feed conversion ratio (FCR) in birds fed diet supplemented with 0.15% by-products of herbal medicines (HM1) compared with the control birds during starter period (3~21 days). However, no difference in body weight, feed intake, total gain and FCR among treatment groups was observed during the entire feeding period (3~35 days). The colony forming units (CFU) of E. coli and Lactobacilli in the digesta of ileo-cecum was not also affected by dietary treatment. Serum AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and glucose decreased (p<0.05) in birds fed diets supplemented with herbal medicines compared with those fed the basal diet. In particular, the birds fed diets supplemented with herbal medicines showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in blood mean corpuscular volume (MCV) level compared with the control birds. However, the most of blood biochemical and hematological parameters and immunoglobulins (IgG and IgA) were not affected by the dietary treatment. In conclusion, the low level of dietary herbal medicines showed beneficial effects on FCR during starter period and liver functions, suggesting that by-products of herbal medicines may be applicable as functional feed additives in birds.
herbal medicines;blood biochemical profiles;hematological parameters;immunoglobulins;
 Cited by
Cho SK, Kim HI, Lee MK, Lee JJ, Kwak YC, Lee SC, Lee Y 2009 Effect of dietary supplementation of Glycyrrhizauralensis Fisch and Solanum nigrum L. mixture for alternate the antibiotics on productivity and blood compositionin broiler chickens. Kor J Poult Sci 36:215-222. crossref(new window)

Cox CM, Sumners LH, Kim S, McElroy AP, Bedford MR, Dalloul RA 2010 Immune responses to dietary ${\beta}$-glucan in broiler chicks during an Eimeria challenge. Poult Sci 89: 2597-2607. crossref(new window)

Feng C, Wang H, Yao C, Zhang A, Tian Z 2007 Diammonium glycyrrhizinate, a component of traditional Chinese medicine Gan-Cao, prevents murine T-cell-mediated fulminant hepatitis in IL10 and IL6 dependent manners. Int Immunopharmaco 7:1292-1298. crossref(new window)

Gallois M, Rothkotter HJ, Bailey M, Stokes CR, Oswald IP 2009 Natural alternatives to in-feed antibiotics in pig production: Can immunomodulators play a role? Animal 3:1644-1661. crossref(new window)

Giannini E, Botta F, Fasoli A, Ceppa P, Risso D, Lantieri PB, Celle G, Testa R 1999 Progressive liver functional impairment is associated with an increase in AST/ALT ratio. Dig Dis Sci 44:1249-1253. crossref(new window)

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV 1999 Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts. J Appl Microbiol 86:985-990. crossref(new window)

Hong SJ, Namkung H, Paik IK 2001 Effects of herbal products on the performance, nutrient digestibility, small intestinal microflora and immune response in broiler chickens. J Anim Sci and Tech 43:671-680.

Huyghebaert G, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F 2011 An update on alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters for broilers. Vet J 187:182-188. crossref(new window)

Ilsley SE, Millers HM, Kamel C 2005 Effects of dietary quillaja saponin and curcumin on the performance and immune status of weaned piglets. J Anim Sci 83:82-88. crossref(new window)

Jang IS, Kang SY, Ko YH 2013 Influence of plum(Prunus mume Siebold and Zucc.) products on growth performance, intestinal function and immunity in broiler chicks. J Poult Sci 50:28-36. crossref(new window)

Jang IS, Ko YH, Kang SY, Lee CY 2007 Effect of a commercial essential oil on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity and intestinal microflora population in broiler chickens. Anim Feed Sci and Tech 134:304-315. crossref(new window)

Kang P, Xiao HL, Hou YQ, Ding BY, Liu YL, Zhu HL, Hu QZ, Hu Y, Yin YL 2010 Effects of Astragalus Polysaccharides, Achyranthes bidentata polysaccharides and Acantbe panax senticosus saponin on the performance and immunity in weaned pigs. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 23:750-756. crossref(new window)

Kim CH, Kang HK, Hwangbo J, Kim JH 2015 Dietary effects of herbal mixture on the laying performance, blood parameters and immune response in laying hens. Kor J Poult Sci 42:61-67. crossref(new window)

Kim CH, Paik IK 2008 Effect of supplementary herbs and plant extracts on the performance of laying hens. Kor J Poult Sci 35:71-78. crossref(new window)

Kim DW, Kim SH, Yu DJ, Kim JH, Kang GH, Jang BG, Na JC, Suh OS, Jang IS, Lee KH 2007 Effects of single or mixed supplements of plants extract, fermented medicinal plants and Lactobacillus on growth performance in broilers. Kor J Poult Sci 34:187-196. crossref(new window)

Ko YH, Yang HY, Kang SY, Kim ES, Jang IS 2007 Effects of a blend of Prunus mume extract as an alternative to antibiotics on growth performance, activity of digestive enzymes and microflora population in broiler chickens. J Anim Sci & Tech 49:611-620. crossref(new window)

Lee CY, Lim J, Ko Y, Kang S, Park M, Ko T, Lee J, Hyun Y, Jeong K, Jang IS 2011 Intestinal growth and development of weanling pigs in response to dietary supplementation of antibiotics, phytogenic products and brewer's yeast plus Bacillus spores. J Anim Sci and Tech 53:227-235. crossref(new window)

Lee IS, Ha YD 1994 Effect of edible and medicinal plants on the activation of immune cells. J Kor Soc Food Nutr 23:150-155.

Lee MH, Lee HJ, Ryu PD 2001 Public health risks: Chemical and antibiotic residues: Review. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 14:402-413. crossref(new window)

Lee SH, Lillehoj HS, Jang SI, Lillehoj EP, Min W, Bravo DM 2013 Dietary supplementation of young broiler chickens with Capsicum and turmeric oleoresins increases resistance to necrotic enteritis. Br J Nutr 110:840-847. crossref(new window)

Olas B, Wachowicz B, Stochmal A, Oleszek W 2003 Inhibition of oxidative stress in blood platelets by different phenolics from Yucca schidigera Roezl. Bark Nutr 19: 633-640.

Paul WE(ed). 1998. Fundamental Immunology, 4th. New York, Raven Press.

Reddy PG, Morill JL, Minocha HC, Stevenson JS 1987 Vitamin E requirements of dairy calves. J Dairy Sci 70:993-999. crossref(new window)

Rezaei S, Faseleh Jahromi M, Liang JB, Zulkifli I, Farjam AS, Laudadio V, Tufarelli V 2015 Effect of oligosaccharides extract from palm kernel expeller on growth performance, gut microbiota and immune response in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 94:2414-2020. crossref(new window)

SAS 1996 User's Guide: Statistics Version 6.12 Edition. SAS inst, Inc., Cary., NC.

Sharma JM 1997 The structure and function of the avian immune system. Review. Acta Vet Hung 45:229-238.

Shin D, Kim KW, Jin MJ, Ryu KS 2013 Assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of ripended medicinal herb extracts to select an optimal dietary natural antibiotics for chickens. Kor J Poult Sci 40:25-29. crossref(new window)

Timbermont L, Lanckriet A, Gholamiandehkordi AR, Pasmans F, Martel A, Haesebrouck F, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F 2009 Origin of Clostridium perfringens isolates determines the ability to induce necrotic enteritis in broilers. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 32:503-512. crossref(new window)

Vaya J, Belinky PA, Aviram M 1997 Antioxidant constituents from licorice roots: Isolation, structure elucidation and antioxidative capacity toward LDL oxidation. Free Rad Biol Med 23:302-313. crossref(new window)

Wenk C 2000 Recent advances in animal feed additives such as metabolic modifiers, antimicrobial agents, probiotics, enzymes and highly available minerals. Review. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 13:86-95. crossref(new window)