Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Cudrania tricuspidata Fruit on the Performance, Blood Metabolites and IgG in Laying Hens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Poultry Science
  • Volume 43, Issue 1,  2016, pp.15-20
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Poultry Science
  • DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2016.43.1.15
 Title & Authors
Effects of Cudrania tricuspidata Fruit on the Performance, Blood Metabolites and IgG in Laying Hens
Lim, Chun Ik; Choi, Hong Hwan; Choi, Seung Min; Lee, Dong Gil; Kang, Min Su; Lee, Bom Mi; Kim, Hyeong Ju; Shin, Min Kyeong; Lee, A Ra; Ryu, Kyeong Seon;
  PDF(new window)
This research was carried out to determine the effect of Cudrania tricuspidata fruit (CTF) on the performance of laying hens, egg quality, yolk fatty acid composition, Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and blood composition. A total 288 Brown Nick laying hens of 48 weeks old replaced into 4 groups with 4 replicates of 18 birds in each. Treatments were added with 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0% CTF containing dried seed and pulp. Metabolizable energy (ME) and crude protein (CP) were 2,800 kcal/kg and 16.0% in basal diets, respectively. Egg production and daily eggmass were significantly increased in 1.0% CTF addition treatment compared to those of other treatments (P<0.05). Egg weight and feed intake were not different among treatments. Feed conversion ratio showed the lower result in 1.0% CTF treatment than other treatments (P<0.05). Eggshell color was not influenced by the addition of CTF. Albumin height, Haugh unit and eggshell breaking strength was not statistically different, but seemed to be higher as dietary CTF addition increased. Yolk color was increased as dietary CTF increased and was the highest in 1.0% CTF group (P<0.05). Fatty acids were not shown the consistency in yolk. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) of birds fed CTF were significantly low compared to those of control. IgG was also statistically higher in CTF treatments than control (P<0.05). As the results of this experiment, the addition of 1% CTF would be the most effective on performance and egg quality, whereas the 0.25% CTF addition in basal diets seemed to be optimum to improve the blood cholesterol, TG,high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-CHOL), IgG in laying hens.
Cudrania tricuspidata fruit;egg quality;laying hens;performance;yolk fatty acid;
 Cited by
Cha JY, Kim DJ, Cho YS 2001 Effect of stem bark extract from Cudrania tricuspidata on the concentrations of lipid and lipid peroxidation in rats fed a cholesterol diet. Korean Journal of Life Science 11(4):328-334.

Chang CH, Lin CC, Hattori M, Namba T 1994 Effects of anti-lipid peroxidation of Cudrania cochinchinensis var. gerontogea. J Ethnopharomacol 44:179-185.

Choi HJ, Kim CT, Do MY, Rang MJ 2013 Physiological activities of Cudrania tricuspidata extracts. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society 14(8):3907-3915. crossref(new window)

Duncan DB 1955 Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1-42. crossref(new window)

Hassan MR, Sultana S, Choe HS, Ryu KS 2012 Effect of different housing system on the performance, bone mineral density and yolk fatty acid composition in laying hen. Korean J Poult Sci 39(4):261-267. crossref(new window)

Joo HY, Lim KT 2009 Protective effect of glycoprotein isolated from Cudrania tricuspidata on liver in $CCl_4$-treated A/J mice. Korea J Food Sci Technol 41(1):93-99.

Kang DG, Hur TY, Lee GM, Oh HC, Kwon TO, Sohn EJ, Lee HS 2002 Effects of Cudrania tricuspidata water extract on blood pressure and renal functions in NO-dependent hypertension. Life Sci 70:2599-2609. crossref(new window)

Kim CH, Shin KS, Woo KC, Paik IK 2009 Effect of dietary oligosaccharides on the performance, intestinal microflora and serum immunoglobulin contents in laying hens. Korean J Poult Sci 36(2):125-131. crossref(new window)

Kim DW, Hong EC, Ji SY, Lee WS, Bang HT, Kang HK, Kim HS, Kim SH 2015 Effects of dietary resveratrol on growth performance, blood biochemical parameter, immunoglobulin, and blood antioxidant activity in broiler chicks. Korean J Poult Sci 42(2):147-156. crossref(new window)

Kim JH, Na JC, Kim SH, Jang BG, Kang HS, Lee DS, Lee SJ, Jwa SH 2006 Effect of dietary medicinal plant byproducts on egg production and egg quality in laying hens. Korean J Poult Sci 33(2):121-126.

Kim OK, Ho JN, Nam DE, Jun WJ, Lee JM 2013 Anti-wrinkle activity of a Curdrania tricuspidata extract on ultravioletinduced photoaging. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 42(4): 608-614. crossref(new window)

Kim SH, Kim NJ, Choi JS, Park JC 1993 Determination of flavonoid by HPLC and biological activities from the leaves of Cudrania tricuspidata Bureau. J Korean Soc Food Nutr 22(1):68-72.

Kim SY, Lee WC, Kim HB, Kim AJ, Kim SK 1998 Antihyperlipidemic effects of methanol extracts from mulberry leaves in cholesterol induced hyperlipidemia in rats. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 27:1217-1222.

Lee JH, Kim KS, Shin SO, Cho JH, Chen YJ, Kim IH 2007 Effects of dietary pine cone meal on egg production, egg quality, serum cholesterol and cholesterol content and fatty acid composition of egg yolk in laying hens. Korea J Poult Sci 34(3):223-229. crossref(new window)

Lee JM, Lee SH, Kim HM 2000 Use of oriental herbs as medicinal food. Food Industry and Nutrition 5(1):50-56.

Lepage G, Roy CC 1986 Direct transesterification of all classes of lipids in a one-step reaction. J Lipid Res 27(1): 114-120.

Lokaewmanee K, Mompanuon S, Khumpeerawat P, Yamauchi KE 2009 Effect of dietary mulberry leaves(Morus alba L.) on egg yolk color. Japan Poultry Science 46:112-115. crossref(new window)

Mancini G, Carnonara AO, Heremans JF 1965 Immunochemical quantitation of antigens by single radial immunodiffusion. Immunochemistry 2:235-254. crossref(new window)

Nam JH, Park HS 1991 Plasma lipid-lowering effect of n6 and n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in rats fed high carbohydrate diet. Korean J Nutrition 24(5):420-430.

NRC 1994 Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. National Academy Press. Washington DC USA.

Oh UJ, Kim GP, Cho YW, Chung SH, Gu SJ 1999 Effect of beverage containing extract from mulberry leaves on serum glucose and lipid levels in db/db mouse. Annual Meeting of Korean Soc Food Sci Technol, Seoul, Korea p 430.

Otlersen T, Vance B, Doorenbos NJ, Chang BL, EI-Feraly FS 1977 The crystal structure of cudranone, 2,6,3'-trihydroxy-4-methoxy-2'-(3-methoxy-2-butemyl)-I, a new antimicrobial agent from Cudrania chochinensis. Acta Chem Scand B 31:434-436.

Park SB, Lee KJ, Lee WH, Ryu KS 2012 Effect of feeding Thymus vulgaris powder on the productivity, egg quality and egg yolk fatty acid composition in laying hens. Korean J Poult Sci 39(2):157-161. crossref(new window)

Park CI, Kim YJ 2012 Effects of dietary supplementation of powdered mulberry leaves on egg production, egg quality and blood characteristics in laying hens. Korean J Poult Sci 39(3):215-222. crossref(new window)

Park CI, Shon JC, Kim YJ 2010 Effects of dietary supplementation of mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts on performance and blood characteristics of chickens. Korean J Poult Sci 37(2):173-180. crossref(new window)

SAS 2002 SAS/STAT Software for PC. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.