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Method Development for Determination of Multi-Mycotoxins in Chicken Liver and Kidney Tissues by LC-MS/MS
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Poultry Science
  • Volume 43, Issue 2,  2016, pp.111-118
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Poultry Science
  • DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2016.43.2.111
 Title & Authors
Method Development for Determination of Multi-Mycotoxins in Chicken Liver and Kidney Tissues by LC-MS/MS
Kim, Soohee; Kim, Kwang-Nam; Kim, Hyobi; Song, Jae-Young; Park, Sung-Won;
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Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by molds, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium, that have adverse effects on animals and humans. Aflatoxin, ochratoxin, zearalenone, fumonisin and deoxynivalenol are the mycotoxins of greatest agro-economic importance and cause acute disease called mycotoxicoses. Mycotoxicosis in poultry birds results in decreased meat/egg production, immunosuppressant, and hepatotoxicosis. Some of toxins or their metabolites may be retained in animal or human tissues and induce health problems. This study was designed to develop a sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous detection and quantification of mycotoxins, such as aflatoxin , aflatoxin , ochratoxin A, zearalenone, fumonisin B and deoxynivalenol, in chicken liver and kidney tissues. The mycotoxins were extracted and purified using modified QUECHERS methods, separated by LC and detected by an electrospray ionisation interface (ESI) and tandem MS. Good precision and linearity were observed for most of six mycotoxins. The recovery test for each mycotoxin in liver and kidney tissues mostly indicated good average recovery rates between 80.94% and 98.10% and the coefficient of variation mostly under 13.78%, except for aflatoxin and fumonisin . The limit of detection (LOD) for six mycotoxins was in liver tissues and in kidney tissues. The quantification limits (LOQ) for 6 mycotoxins were in the range in liver tissues and in kidney tissues, respectively. The developed multi-mycotoxin method in this study permits simultaneous, simple, and rapid determination of several co-existing mycotoxins in chicken liver and kidney tissues.
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