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Investigation of Teaching Practices using Smart Technologies and Science Teachers` Opinion on Their Application in Science Education
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Investigation of Teaching Practices using Smart Technologies and Science Teachers` Opinion on Their Application in Science Education
Yang, Chanho; Jo, Minjin; Noh, Taehee;
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In this study, we analyzed the teaching practices of science teachers using smart technologies and investigated their difficulties in implementing smart education and their educational needs. We also studied their opinions on the application of smart technologies in science education. The participants were seven science teachers who participated in the smart education study group of a science teacher association in Seoul. We elaborated on the characteristics of smart education in science education during comprehensive analyses of instructional materials used in science classes and the initial interviews. We then analyzed the second interviews by categorizing their responses inductively. All the science teachers used the `instant access as needed`, but their interactions, simply answering students` questions, were found to be at a low level. They did not effectively use the `collaborative interaction with SNS or wiki-based service` for the support for interactive learning. While most collected learning results of their students and provided feedback in the aspect of `individualization according to leaner level`, they were not aware of `context, situation, and location of learners` in smart education. While all the teachers extended learning opportunities by using learning resources widely in smart education, most were not aware of `support for self-directed learning`. Most teachers believed that smart education should be developed to help students learn interactively and in a self-directed manner. They also provided many opinions on teacher training programs and environmental support for smart education. Based on the results, some considerations for implementing smart education in science instructions effectively are discussed.
smart education;smart technology;science teacher;educational needs;
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