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Status and Efficiency of Wastewater Sea Outfalls in Korea
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 Title & Authors
Status and Efficiency of Wastewater Sea Outfalls in Korea
Kwon Seok-Jae; Seo Il-Won; Lee Joong-Woo; Kim Young-Do;
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This study provided the status and efficiency of the domestic wastewater sea outfalls based on the previous numerical and experimental studies for the analysis of the buoyant discharges from Rosette diffuser in shallow water. The VISJET model and the hybrid model proposed by Kim (2002) can be proper models for the domestic sea outfalls. The experimental results show that the merging height for MBR and MIR depends on the riser diameter and spacing between risers, and the bending characteristics of the buoyant discharges in still ambient water have significant impacts on the dilution. The current wastewater outfall systems in Korea are not effective for the environmental aspect due to the low discharge water depth. The strategies to reduce the contamination near the domestic wastewater outfalls were found to require the sufficient discharge water depth, proper diffuser location considering the tidal currents, enough riser diameter, and sufficient spacing between risers.
Sea outfalls;Wastewater;Rosette diffuser;Merging;Bending trajectory;Dilution;
 Cited by
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