Gas-Flow Sensor using Optical Fiber Bragg Grating(FBG)

Title & Authors
Gas-Flow Sensor using Optical Fiber Bragg Grating(FBG)
Shim, Joon-Hwan; Cho, Seok-Je; Yu, Yung-Ho; Sohn, Kyung-Rak;

Abstract
We have proposed and demonstrated an gas-flow sensor using optical fiber bragg grating(FEG). The flow sensor has no electronics and no mechanical parts in its sensing part and the structure is th11s simple and immune to electromagnetic interference(EMI). The FEG sensor was consisted qf the sensing element and a coil heater. The metal coil was used to supply the current to the FEG. While some currents supply to the coil, the refractive index of the FEG under the coil is changed and thus the wavelength shift of fiber optic sensor was induced In this work, the wavelength shift according to flow-rate was experimentally studied and was used to evaluate the gas flow-rate in a gas tube. As a result, it was possible to measure the flow-rate in a linear range from 5 to $\small{20{\ell}/min}$ with a resolution of approximately $\small{1{\ell}/min}$ at the applied currents of 100 mA and 120 mA. The measured sensitivities were $\small{15.3\;pm/\ell/min}$ for 100 mA and $\small{20.2\;pm/\ell/min}$ for 120 mA.
Keywords
Gas flow sensors;Flow sensors;Optical fiber sensors;Fiber bragg grating;
Language
English
Cited by
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