Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Case Study on the Evacuation Times on a Training ship
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Case Study on the Evacuation Times on a Training ship
Hwang, Kwang-Il;
  PDF(new window)
The residential comfort and safety on ship are more focused than ever, in accordance with the increase of the crews` onboard time and interest in cruiser sailing. To grasp the safety characteristics on ships against various scenarios of evacuations, this study performed experiments and simulations for the evacuation times on a training ship. Through the experiments, the average walking speed is 3.0m/s on 100% visibility, and 1.2m/s on 8% visibility, but the speeds go down 1.3m/s and 0.7m/s, respectively, when obstacles are happened without any previous notification. From the simulation, it is clearly reconfirmed that the worse visibility and many people make evacuation time comparatively longer. And unlike the common expectation of the effect of emergency announcement, the difference of evacuation times between cases of announcement and non-announcement is negligible on this study. From the survey after experiments, it is known that experiment participants feel unsafe and fear when the evacuation routes are longer in bad visible condition, even if they know the perfect evacuation route. And the survey results also show that the evacuees give more careful consideration to make a evacuation route decision under bad visibility.
Marine;Safety;Evacuation;Risk Management;Simulation;
 Cited by
Choi, B. I., Han, Y. S., Oh, C. B., Kim, M. B., Kim, C.(2007), "The Assessment of Fire Suppression Capability of Water-Mist System for Machinery Engine Room", Journal of Korean Institue of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol.21, No.2, pp.111-117

Han, W. H. and Cho, D. H. (2005), "Smoke Movement Characteristics in the Ship's Indoor Spaces with Fire Size and Location", Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol.11, No.1, pp.53-59

Hwang, K. I., Shin, D. K., Kim, Y. J., Uoun, J. H., Lee,S. I. and Hong, W. H. (2009), "A Case Study on the Passengers’ Evacuation Times according to the Fire Smoke Density on a ship", Journal of Korean Society of Marine Engineering, Vol. 33, No.2, pp.336-343 crossref(new window)

IMO, MSC/Circ.1033 (2002), "Interim Guidelines for Evacuation Analyses for New and Existing Passenger Ships"

Lee, D. K., Kim, H. T. and Park, J. H. (2003), " Human Behavioral Experiment for Evacuation Analysis", Journal of the Society of Naval Architecture of Korea,Vol.40, No.2, pp.41-48 crossref(new window)

NIST (2009), Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 5)User’s Guide

Safety at Sea Ltd. (2009) ; EvE User Manual - Example Evacuation Analysis of IMO Ship

Safety at Sea Ltd. (2009) ; Evi - Guidance for Validating/Verifying Evi to MSCCirc.1033, Annex 3