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Empirical Analysis on the Apportionment System of Causation Ratio in the Ship Collision
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 Title & Authors
Empirical Analysis on the Apportionment System of Causation Ratio in the Ship Collision
Kim, Tae-Goun; Hong, Sung-Hwa;
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 Abstract
In December 1998, Act on the investigation and inquiry into marine accidents was amended by inserting new Paragraph (2) of Article 4, which states "Where two or more persons are related to the occurrence of a marine accident when the Maritime Safety Tribunal(hereinafter referred to as the "MST") examines the causes of a marine accident as provides for under Paragraph (1), the MST may disclose the extent to which each responsible person is related to the cause of the marine accident". Based on this new Paragraph, the apportionment system of causation ratio in the ship collision was introduced in February 1999. However the apportionment system is adopted 12 years ago, public debate has continued about the positive and negative aspects of the system. Thus some groups advocate the system for the advantages, but other groups argue that this system should be abolished. Therefore, at first, this study analyzes the adopting background and the main reasons of the pros and cons discussion on the apportionment system of causation ratio in the ship collision. Then we conduct a survey analysis to investigate stakeholder`s satisfaction of this new system in the ship collision cases. Finally this study suggests the policy proposal to improve the apportionment system of causation ratio in the ship collision.
 Keywords
Marine Accidents;Ship Collision;Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal;Causation ratio of marine accidents;Act on the investigation and inquiry into marine accidents;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
항해사의 선박충돌회피 판단에 영향을 미치는 요인들의 분석,홍승권;

대한설비관리학회지, 2015. vol.20. 1, pp.3-10
 References
1.
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2.
Kim, I. H.(2003), "Fault ratio in the Collision Case and its relationship with the Marine Safety Tribunal's Decision", Korean Lawyers Vol. 562, pp. 91-112.

3.
Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (2013), Marine Accidents Statistics 2012, http://www.kmst.go.kr

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Lee, J. W.(2012), "A Suggestion on the Improvement of Marine Accidents Inquiry System", Journal of Legislation Research, Vol. 43, pp. 431-460.

5.
Park, J. P.(2007), "Significance of Legislation of the Standard of Apportionment of the Extent of the Cause in the Ship Collision", Maritime Safety, Vol. 35, pp. 53-56.

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Seo, D. H.(2007), Maritime Law.Marine Insurance Law-Case and Practice-, Bobmun Sa Press, p. 372.