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A Study on the Effects of the Type of Mixed Manning and the Ratio of Foreign Crew, the Acceptance and Adaptation of Cross-Culture to the Group Cohesiveness, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Ship Organizations
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A Study on the Effects of the Type of Mixed Manning and the Ratio of Foreign Crew, the Acceptance and Adaptation of Cross-Culture to the Group Cohesiveness, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Ship Organizations
Heo, Ki-Young; Kim, Jin-Pil; Shin, Yong-John;
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This study establishes the research model and sets up the hypothesis in order to analyze the effect of the type of mixed manning and the ratio of foreign crew on the group cohesiveness, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in ship organizations and the moderating effect of the acceptance and adaptation of cross-culture. For statistical hypothesis testing, it conducts a questionnaire survey targeting mixed manning ships and examines empirically the inter-variables relation through the regression. The result of empirical research is that the group cohesiveness, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in the ship organization of Korean master(chief engineer) and foreign officers is higher than that of Korean master and officers. Moreover, it is found that the group cohesiveness of 31~50% foreign crew group is less than that of the others. However, There is no moderating effects of the acceptance and adaptation of cross-culture. Additionally, it demonstrates the higher job satisfaction and organizational commitment in the stronger cohesiveness groups. The finding suggests the rationale that shipping and ship management companies could raise the group cohesiveness, job satisfaction and organizational commitment by moderating the type of mixed manning and the ratio of foreign crew.
the type of mixed manning;the ratio of foreign crew;group cohesiveness;organizational commitment;job satisfaction;the acceptance and adaptation of cross-culture;
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