Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Considerations in Establishing a Decision-Making process for Korea's Places of Refuge
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Considerations in Establishing a Decision-Making process for Korea's Places of Refuge
Lee, Chang-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
To minimize secondary damages from marine environment pollution resulting from marine accidents, International Maritime Organization(IMO) adopted "Guidelines on Places of Refuge(POR) for ships in need of assistance" as Resolution A.949(23) in it is 23rd General Assembly in 2003 and recommends Parties to the Organization designate PoR. This resolution suggests that they establish a "Decision-Making process" so as to provide reasonable PoR when disabled ships request use of PoR. Korea has not been performed introduce a PoR system in the country. Therefore, there is no decision-making process to deal with ships which need PoR. When Korea implements the PoR system in the future, the nation should establish a Decision-Making process to provide reasonable PoR in case ships in need of assistance request for PoR. In order to present what should be considered in the process of establishing a Decision-Making process for PoR in Korea in the future, in this study presents matters which should be considered in the process of founding PoR Decision-Making processes. When Korea tries to conduct POR system so that other countries' PoR Decision-Making process and the relating process of IMO and REMPEC (Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea) were investigated and analyzed. In addition, in times of marine accident in Korea's sea areas, Korea's action manuals for marine accident which regulates management for an accident is analyzed and articles will be presented to be taken into account during establishing final PoR Decision-Making process.
Places of Refuge(PoR);Decision-Making process;Ships in need for assistance;Marine accident;Marine pollution;
 Cited by
Alaska Regional Response Team(2007), Guidelines for Places of Refuge Decision-Making.

Aldo, C. and Olof, L.(2006), Places of Refuge for Ships, Emerging environmental Concerns of a Maritime Custom. Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Anthony, M.(2011), "Shelter from the Storm - the problem of places of refuge for ships in distress and proposals to remedy the problem", Ph.d. thesis, University of Wollongong

Eric, V. H.(2010), Places of Refuge, International Law and the CMI Draft Convention, Lloyd's List, London.

International Maritime Organization(2003), Guidelines on Places of Refuge for Ships in Need of Assistance, Resolution A.949(23).

Jeong, J. S. et al.(2012), "An International Tendency on Designating of Ship's Refuge", Journal of the Korea Ship Safety Technology Authority, No.32. pp. 45-56.

Lee, C. H. and Park, S. H.(2014), "A Study on the Development of Designated Model of Places of Refuge location from IMO Recommendations", Journal of Navigation & Port Research, Vol. 38, No 4, pp. 357-366. crossref(new window)

Lee, C. H., Park, S. H. and Jeong, J. S.(2012), "A Study on the Introduction Plan of the Places of Refuge in Domestic Areas based on the Analysis of Foreign Cases", Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 18, No 3, pp. 235-241. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries(2013a), An Action Manual for Crisis Management regarding Marine Accidents (ships).

Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries(2013b), A Massive Action Manual for Crisis Management regarding Large scale Marine Pollution Accident.

Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea(2007), Guidelines on the decision making process for granting access to a place of refuge for ships in need of assistance, REMPEC, UNEP(DEPI)MED IG. 17/10 Annex V, 2007; 257-273.

Transport Canada(2007), National Places of Refuge Contingency Plan.