JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Current Situation and Policies of Shipping Industry in Vietnam
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Current Situation and Policies of Shipping Industry in Vietnam
Van Le, Thanh; Kim, Sung-June; Jeong, Jung-Sik;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The main aim of this paper, via the method of statistical data analysis, is to analyze the current situation of the shipping industry and policies of the shipping industry in Vietnam. Section 1 gives some key information about the current situation of the shipping industry in Vietnam such as: shipping companies and their fleets, seafarers and ports. In view of the many restrictions faced by the Vietnamese shipping industry, section 2 is used to disclose the policies issued by the Vietnamese government in order to help the domestic maritime industry develop further in the near future, and the outcomes of implementing these policies. Besides the fact that some of the measures were feasible and reasonable, some others were not as effective as they were supposed to be, or in fact the initial forecast of their effectiveness was far-fetched. In the last section, after analyzing reasons for the failures, the author proposes that focusing on coastal transportation routes, fleet and port restructuring and skilled labour training were truly necessary to the development of the industry in the immediate period. Furthermore, this paper is also expected to provide a basic foundation for further research by the authors about `the strategical approach for the development of shipping industry in developing countries: a case of Vietnam` in the near future.
 Keywords
shipping industry;seaborne trade;shipping company;sea-going fleets;seafarers;policy of sea transport;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Captain Tieu Van Kinh-The Chairman of Vietnam Captain Club (2013), Development of human resources for Vietnam maritime industry (Phat trien nguon nhan luc chat luong cao cho nganh Hang hai nuoc nha), in http://www1.vinamarine.gov.vn/MT/Detail.aspx?id=e334 ae46-5685-42a4-af41-7aaeb74573ef&CatID=127&NextTi me=13/11/2012%2009:54&PubID=135, accessed at May 1, 2014.

2.
Dang Van Uy (2007), science research paper-Research for enhancing the capacity of the Vietnam maritime training centers to develop Vietnam's maritime human resource in the period 2010-2020 (Nghien cuu nang cao nang luc dao tao hang hai cac cap cua Viet Nam nham phat trien nguon nhan luc cho nganh hang hai giai doan 2010-2020).

3.
Decree No.16/2008/QD-TTg (2008) and Decree No.70/2013/QD-TTg (2013), Decrees on publishing classification of Vietnam ports (Nghị dinh ve viec cong bo danh muc phan loai cang bien Viet Nam).

4.
GlobalSecurity.org (January 2014), Vietnam Shipbuilding Industry Corp. (Vinashin), in http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/vietnam/vinashin.htm, accessed at May 1, 2014

5.
Kamarajar Port Limited website (2014), Landlord Port, in http://www.ennoreport.gov.in/landlord.htm, accessed at May 1, 2014.

6.
Lotus port website (2014), About us, in http://www.lotusport.com/gioi-thieu/54/so-luoc-cong-ty. html, accessed at May 1, 2014.

7.
Ministry of Transport of Vietnam (July 2009), Statement No.5213/TTr-BGTVT of proposing the master plan on development of Vietnam's ocean shipping up to 2020 and orientation towards 2030.

8.
Ministry of Transport of Vietnam (2014) 70 years of development history of Vietnam Transport sector (Lich su 70 nam phat trien cua nganh GTVT Viet Nam),in http://www.mt.gov.vn/PrintView.aspx?ArticleID=2080, accessed at Oct. 20, 2014.

9.
SBIC website (2014), sea transport, in http://sbic.com.vn/Auxiliary/Van-tai-bien.html?p=45, accessed at May 1, 2014.

10.
Thanh-Nien-News website (2013), Market share of Vietnam shipping lines sinking steadily: report, in http://www.thanhniennews.com/business/market-share -of-vietnam-shipping-lines-sinking-steadily-report-37 44.html, accessed at May 1, 2014.

11.
Thanh-nien-online website (2013), Ocean shipping is increasingly deadlocked (Van tai bien ngay cang be tac),http://www.thanhnien.com.vn/pages/20130814/ van-tai-bien-ngay-cang-be-tac.aspx, accessed at May 1, 2014.

12.
The World Bank website (2013), Annual GDP growth rate of Vietnam, in http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG, accessed at May 1, 2014.

13.
Trading Economic (2014), Vietnam interest rate, in http://www.tradingeconomics.com/vietnam/interest-rate, accessed at May 1, 2014.

14.
Trujillo, L. and Nombela, G. (1999), Privatization and Regulation of the Seaport Industry, p.34.

15.
Vietnamnet website (2007), Vietnam seaports have attracted to a big capital of foreign investors (Cang bien hap dan nguon von lon nuoc ngoai), in http://vnn.vietnamnet.vn/kinhte/2007/09/743905/, accessed at May 1, 2014.

16.
Vietnamnet website (2013), "Vietnam considers equalizing sea ports", inhttp://english.vietnamnet.vn /fms/business/74967/vietnam-considers-equitizing-sea -ports.html, accessed at Oct. 20, 2014

17.
Vietnamplus website (2012), Development of seaport system requires a long - term vision (Phat trien hethong cang can tam nhin dai han), in http://www.vietnamplus.vn/phat-trien-he-thong-cangbien- can-tam-nhin-dai-han/165470.vnp, accessed at May 1, 2014.

18.
Vietnam Maritime Administration (June 2013), Scheme: Adjustment of the master plan on development of Vietnam's ocean shipping up to 2020 and orientation towards 2030-mid-term report (De an: Lapdieu chinh quy hoach phat trien van tai bien Viet nam den nam 2020, dinh huong den nam 2030_Bao cao giua ky (tom tat), pp.5-7 & pp. 25-26.

19.
Vietnam Maritime Administration website (March 11, 2014), Measures to improve transport capacity and market share of Vietnam fleet and policies to restrict foreign vessels operating on domestic routes (Giai phap nang cao nang luc thi phan van tai cua doi tau bien Viet Nam va chinh sach han che tau nuoc ngoai van tai noi dia), in http://www.vinamarine.mt.gov.vn /Index.aspx ?page=detail&id=2028, accessed at May 1, 2014.

20.
Vietnam Maritime Administration website (May 2014), Measures for reduction of sea transport costs(Giam chi phi van tai trong hoat dong van tai bien: Mot so giai phap), in http://www.vinamarine.mt.gov.vn /Index.aspx? page=detail&id=2187, accessed at May 1, 2014.

21.
Vietnam Maritime Administration (March 18, 2014), Vietnam ocean shipping-20140318 (Van tai bien Viet Nam-20140318) p.7 & pp. 10-13.

22.
Vietnam Maritime University (2010), Research of Vietnam seafarers market in the context of international integration (nghien cuu thi truong thuyen vien Viet Nam trong dieu kien hoi nhap quoc te), p. 18.

23.
Vietnam Prime Minister (February 2013), Decision No.355/QĐ-TTg of the Prime Minister approving the strategy on development of Vietnam's transportation up to 2020 and orientation towards 2030.

24.
Vietnam Prime Minister (November 2009), Decision No.2190/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's seaport system till the year 2010.

25.
Vietnam Prime Minister (October 1999), Decision no.202/1999/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's seaport system till the year 2010.

26.
Vietnam Prime Minister (October 2009), Decision No.1601/QD-TTg approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's ocean shipping up to 2020 and orientation towards 2030.

27.
Vietnam Transport Ministry's website (2014), Only training under 'order' can help gain the quality of human resources (Dao tao theo dat hang moi nang duoc chat luong nhan luc), in http://giaothongvantai.com.vn/ giao-thong-phat-trien/201405/toa-dam-ket-noi-giua-d ao-tao-va-su-dung-lao-dong-nganh-gtvt-dao-tao-th eo-dat-hang-moi-nang-duoc-chat-luong-nhan-luc-48 8693/, accessed at May 1, 2014.

28.
Vinalines website (2014), Fleet details of Vinalines, http://www.vinalines.com.vn/?mod=news&view_cat_ name=doi-tau-vinalines-thong-tin-chi-tiet-doi-tau-vin alines, accessed at May 1, 2015.

29.
UNCTAD-United Nations Conference of Trade and Development (2008), Review of maritime transport 2008, p. 2.

30.
UNCTAD-United Nations Conference of Trade and Development (2012), Review of maritime transport 2012 -Foreword, p.xiii.

31.
UNCTAD-United Nations Conference of Trade and Development (2013), Review of maritime transport 2013, p. 2.