Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Doam Bay, Southwestern Coast of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Sea
  • Volume 20, Issue 4,  2015, pp.159-168
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oceanography
  • DOI : 10.7850/jkso.2015.20.4.159
 Title & Authors
Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Doam Bay, Southwestern Coast of Korea
  PDF(new window)
Forty-four surface sediments from Doam Bay were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), total metal (Al, Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) and further chemical partitioning of metals were carried out in some samples. The TOC (0.32~3.10%) and TN (0.03~0.26%) values of the samples were similar to those of other coastal area. The C/N ratios ranged from 7.9 to 11.9 with an average 9.3 which revealed that contribution of terrestrial organic matters was relatively rare. Contents of analysed metals showed a level lower than threshold effects level (TEL) in sediment quality guidelines. Based on the chemical speciation of metals, the lattice fractions were found in the order Cr > Cu > Ni > Zn > Pb > Mn, while Mn and Pb are the ratio of the non-lattice fractions accounted for more than 50%. The average baseline values were obtained relative cumulative frequency curves and linear regression analysis. The respective baseline concentrations for Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Cr and Mn were 11.8, 23.1, 26.8, 76.6, 56.7, 585 mg/kg, respectively. Based on geoaccumulation index () with a baseline values of Mn showed that face the contamination phase from estuarine stations. However, in case of Zn and Pb, although there is no sign of contamination, it could be release from sediment when there is a change in the environment, which is caused from the high ratio of non-lattice fractions.
Doam bay;sediments;TOC;TN;heavy metals;speciation;baseline concentration;
 Cited by
Ashagrie, Y., W. Zech and G. Guggenberger, 2005. Transformation of a Podocarpus falcatus dominated natural forest into a monoculture Eucalyptus globules plantationat Munesa, Ethiopia: soil organic C, N and S dynamics in primary particle and aggregatesize fractions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environ., 106: 89-98. crossref(new window)

Bordovskiy, O.K., 1965. Accumulation and transformation of organic substances in marine sediments. Mar. Geol., 3: 3-114. crossref(new window)

Cho, Y.G. and C.B. Lee, 2012. Heavy Metal contamination in surface sediments from Masan and Jinhae bay, southeast coast of Korea. J. KOSMEE, 15: 302−313.

Cho, Y.G. and K.Y. Park, 1998. Heavy metals in surface sediments of the Youngsan estuary, west coast of Korea. J. Environ. Sci., 7: 549−557.

Cho, Y.G., C.B. Lee and C.H. Koh, 2000. Heavy metals in surface sediments from Kwangyang bay, south coast of Korea. J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 5: 131−140.

Cho, Y.G., C.B. Lee and M.S. Choi, 1999. Geochemistry of surface sediments off the southern and western coasts of Korea. Mar. Geol., 159: 111−129. crossref(new window)

Cho, Y.G., C.B. Lee, and M.S. Choi, 1994. Characteristics of heavy metal distribution in surface sediments from the South Sea of Korea. J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 29: 338−356.

Choi, M.C., H.B. Moon, S.S. Kim and J.S. Park, 2005. Evaluation of sewage pollution by Coprostanol in the sediments from Jinhae bay, Korea. J. Kor. Fish. Soc., 38: 118−128.

Choi, M.H., 2004. Economic value of the Korean mudflat wetland. J. Wetlands Res., 6: 89-104.

Crompton, T.R., 2015. Determination of Metals in Natural Waters, Sediments, and Soils. Elsevier, 318 pp.

Cuong, D.T., and J.P. Obbard, 2006. Metal speciation in coastal marine sediments from Singapore using a modified BCR-sequential extraction procedure. Appl. Geochem. 21: 1335−1346. crossref(new window)

Davutluoglu, O.I., G. Seckin, C.B. Ersu, T. Yilmaz and B. Sari, 2011. heavy metal content and distribution in surface sediments of the Seyhan river, Turkey. J. Environ. Management, 92: 2250−2259. crossref(new window)

Dong, D., Y.M. Nelson, L.W. Lion, M.L. Shuler and W.C. Ghiorse, 2000. Adsorption of Pb and Cd onto metal oxides and organic material in natural surface coatings as determined by selective extraction: new evidence for the importance of Mn and Fe oxides. Water Res., 34: 427−436. crossref(new window)

Folk, R.L. and W.C. Ward, 1957. Brazos river bar; A study in the significance of grain size parameter, J. Sed. Petrol., 27: 3-26. crossref(new window)

Folk, R.L., 1974. Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks. Hemphill Publishing Company, Austin, Texas, 182 pp.

Forstner, U. and W. Salomons, 1980. Trace metal analysis on polluted sediments. I. Assessment of sources and intensities. Environ. Technol. Lett., 1: 494-505. crossref(new window)

Ganeshram, R.S., S.E. Calvert, T.F. Pedersen and G.L. Cowie. 1999. Factors controlling the burial of organic carbon in laminated and bioturbated sediments off NW Mexico: implications for hydrocarbon preservation. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 63: 1723-1734. crossref(new window)

Gibbs, R.J. 1977. Transport phase of transition metals in the Amazon and Yukon rivers. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 88: 829-843. crossref(new window)

Hong, J.T., B.S. Na, J.Y. Kim, Y.K. Koh, S.T. Youn, S.E. Shin, H.G. Kim, B.C. Moon and K.H. Oh, 2007. Sedimentary geochemical characteristics and environmental impact of sediments in Tamjin river and Doam bay. J. Environ. Impact Assess. 16: 393-405.

Horowitz, A.J., 1985. A Primer on Trace Metal Sediment Chemistry. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, pp. 36−46.

Horowitz, A.J., 1991. A Primer on Sediment-Trace Element Chemistry. Lewis Publishers, INC., 136 pp.

Hwang, D.W., H.G. Jin, S.S. Kim, J.D. Kim, J.S. Park and S.G. Kim, 2006. Distribution of organic matters and metallic elements in the surface sediments of Masan harbor, Korea. J. Kor. Fish. Soc., 39: 106−117.

Ingram, R.L., 1971. Sieve Analysis. In: Procedures in Sedimentary Petrology, edited by Carver, R.E., Wiley-Inter Science, New York, 49-67.

Ju, J.M., C.E. Chung and H.B. Yoo, 2002. Dynamics of zooplankton community in upper Tamjin river system, Korea. J. Sci. Edu. Chonnam Nat'l Univ., 26: 201−224.

Kim, D.H., G.S. Kim and H.S. Cho, 2001. Estimate to the capacity of self purification in tidal flats of Kangjin bay, Korea. Collection of Dissertations of Mokpo National Maritime University, pp. 173−184.

Kim, J.B., 2005. Role of Intertidal flats for the supply of food of fisheries organisms in Doam-Bay and near naro-do of the South Sea of Korea: Community Composition and Food Sources. Ph.D. Thesis, Pukyong National University, 166 pp.

Kitano, Y. and R. Hujiyoshi, 1980. Selective chemical leaching of cadmium, copper, manganese and iron in marine sediments. Geochem J., 14: 133−122.

Klamer, J.C., W.J.M. Hegeman and F. Smedes, 1990. Comparison of grain size correction procedures for organic micropollutants and heavy metals in marine sediments. Hydrobiologia, 208: 213−220. crossref(new window)

Koh, Y.K., S.T. Toun and K.H. Oh, 2008. Sponge spicules and silicoflagellates in surface sediments of Doam bay, Jeonnam Province. J. Sci. Edu. Chonnam Nat'l Univ., 32: 83−91.

Lee, S. and J.A. Fuhrman, 1987. Relationships between biovolume and biomass of naturally derived marine bacterioplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 53: 1298−1303.

Lee, S.H. and J.A. Fuhrman, 1987. Relationship between biovolume and biomass of naturally derived marine bacterioplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiology, 53: 1298−1303.

Li, X. and I. Thornton, 2001. Chemical partitioning of trace and major elements in soils contaminated by mining and smelting activities. Appl. Geochem., 16: 1693−1706. crossref(new window)

Lim, D.I., J.Y. Choi, H.S. Jung, H.W. Choi and Y.O. Kim, 2007. Natural background level analysis of heavy metal concentration in Korean coastal sediments. Ocean & Polar Res., 29: 379−389. crossref(new window)

Liu, H.C., C.F. You, B.J. Huang and C.A. Huh, 2013. Distribution and accumulation of heavy metals in carbonate and reducible fraction of marine sediment from offshore mid-western Taiwan. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 73: 37−46. crossref(new window)

Luoma, S., 1990. Processes affecting metal concentrations in estuarine and coastal marine sediments. In: Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment, edited by Furness R.W. and P.S., Rainbow, CRC Press Inc., pp. 51-66.

Martin, J.M. and M. Whitfield, 1983. The significance of the river input of chemical elements to the ocean. In: Trace Metals in Sea Water, edited by Wong, C.S., E.A. Boyle, K.W. Bruland, J.D. Burton and E.D. Goldberg, New York: Plenum, pp. 265−296.

Matschullat, J., R. Ottenstein and C. Reimann, 2000. Geochemical background-can we calculate it?, Environ. Geol., 39: 990−1000. crossref(new window)

Mayer, L.M., 1994. Relationships between mineral surfaces and organic carbon concentrations in soils and sediments. Chem. Geol., 114: 347-363. crossref(new window)

Meyers, P.A., 1994. Preservation of elemental and isotopic source identification of sedimentary organic matter. Chem. Geol., 114: 289-302. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Environment, 1999. Methodologies for the Quality Assessment of Benthic Environment of Korean Coastal Waters. 786 pp.

MLTM(Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs), 2010. Maritime Environment Pollutant' Testing Method, pp. 363−365.

MLTM(Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs), 2010. National Survey of Coastal Wetland: Precision Investigation, pp. 29−52.

MOF(Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries), 2000. Studies for Sustainable Use of Tidal Flats in Korea(II), pp. 97−99.

MOLIT(Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport), 1994. Technical Reports, 1101: 132−149.

Montoura, R.F., C.A. Dickson and J.P. Riley, 1978. The complexation of metals with humic materials in natural waters. Estuar. Coast. & Mar. Sci., 6: 387−408. crossref(new window)

Muller, G., 1979. Schwermetalle in den sedimenten des Rheins Vernderungen seit 1971. Umschau, 79: 778−783.

Na, B.S., 2002. Distribution and Geochemical Characteristics of Surface Sediments in Doam Bay. Graduate School, Chonnam Nat,l Univ., Gwangju, 88 pp.

Nam, D.W., S.S. Cha, C.G. Choi, J.B. Lee and H.Y. Lee, 2009. Ichthyofauna and habitat type of the fish in Tamjin river system, Korea. J. Environ. Sci., 18: 1001−1010.

Newman, B.K. and R.J. Watling, 2007. Definition of baseline metal concentration for assessing metal enrichment of sediment from the south-eastern Cape coastline of South Africa. Water SA, 33: 675−691.

Park, T.Y., 1999. A Study on the management planning for the conservation and environmentally friendly use of Korean coastal wetlands. J. Kor. Environ. Res. Tech., 2: 64−73.

Rath, P., U.C. Panda, D. Bhatta and D.C. Sahu, 2009. Use of sequential leaching, mineralogy, morphology and multivariate statistical technique for quantifying metal pollution in highly polluted aquatic sediments-A case study: Brahmani and Nandira rivers, India. J. Hazard. Mater., 163: 632−644. crossref(new window)

Salomons, W. and U. Forstner, 1984. Metals in the Hydrocycle. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 349 pp.

Schropp, S., G. Lewis, H. Windom, J. Ryann, F. Caldner and L. Burney, 1990. Interpretation of metal concentrations in estuarine sediments of Florida using aluminum as a reference element. Estuaries, 13: 227−235. crossref(new window)

Siegel, F.R., 1995. Environmental geochemistry in development planning: An example from the Nile delta, Egypt. Geochem. Exploration, 55: 265−273. crossref(new window)

Summer, J.K., T.L. Wade, V.D. Engle and Z.A. Malaeb, 1996. Normalization of metal concentration in estuarine sediments from the Gulf of Mexico. Estuaries, 19: 581−594. crossref(new window)

Teng, Y.G. and Y.P. Huang, 2009. Geochemical baseline of trace elements in the sediment in Dexing area, South China. Environ. Geol., 57: 1649−1660. crossref(new window)

Turekian K.K. and K.H. Wedepohl, 1961. Distribution of the elements in some major units of the earth's crust, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 72: 175−192. crossref(new window)

Volkman, J.K., D. Rohjans, J. Rullkötter, B.M. Scholz-Böttcher and G. Liebezeit, 2000. Sources and diagenesis of organic matter in tidal flat sediments from the German Wadden Sea. Cont. Shelf Res., 20: 1139-1158. crossref(new window)

Wang, S., Y, Jia, S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Wang, Z. Zhao and B. Liu, 2010. Fractionation of heavy metals in shallow marine sediments from Jinzhou bay, China. J. Environ. Sci., 22: 23−31. crossref(new window)

Woo, J.S., H.S. Choi, H.J. Lee and T.H. Kim, 2014. Organic matter in the sediments of Youngsan river estuary: Distribution and sources. J. Environ. Sci. Int., 23: 1375−1383. crossref(new window)

Yang, Y., F. Chen, L. Zhang, J. Liu, S. Wu and M. Kang, 2012. Comprehensive assessment of heavy metal contamination in sediment of the Pearl river estuary and adjacent shelf. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 64: 1947−1955. crossref(new window)