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Seasonal Variation of Picocyanobacterial Community Composition in Seawaters Around Dokdo, Korea
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  • Journal title : The Sea
  • Volume 20, Issue 4,  2015, pp.192-198
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oceanography
  • DOI : 10.7850/jkso.2015.20.4.192
 Title & Authors
Seasonal Variation of Picocyanobacterial Community Composition in Seawaters Around Dokdo, Korea
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Picophytoplankton, a group of tiny microorganisms of less than , play an important role as a major primary producer in tropical open ocean as well as temperate coastal waters. Until now, more than 20 and 10 clades of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus, respectively, have been identified in various marine environments, and its biogeographical distribution have been well studied as well as ecological niches of its major clades. To understand a distribution of diverse picocyanobacterial clades and environmental factors regulating their distribution, picocyanobacterial abundance and genetic diversity was investigated in adjacent waters of Dokdo showing diverse physical properties not only by seasonal variation but also by diverse physical processes. Synechococcus abundances were low in winter and then exponentially increased as water temperature increased up to . Above , the abundances tended to be saturated. On the contrary, Prochlorococcus was undetected or occupied a minor fraction of picocyanobacteria in most seasons. In summer, however, Prochlorococcus belonging to HLII ecotype occupied a significant fraction (up to 7%) of picocyanobacteria. In spring and early summer, the steep increase of Synechococcus abundances were resulted from growth of cold water-adapted Synechococcus belonging to clades I and IV. In summer, diverse Synechococcus clades including warm and pelagic water-favoring clade II tended to replace clades I and IV with maintaining high abundance. The water-column stability as well as temperature were found to be important factors regulating the Synechococcus abundances. Moreover, inflow and mixing of distinct water masses with different origins exerted significant influence on the composition of Synechococcus in the study area. Thus, physical processes as well as natural seasonal variation of environmental factors should be considered to better understand ecology of planktonic organisms around Dokdo.
Diversity;Dokdo;East Sea;picocyanobacteria;Prochlorococcus;Synechococcus;
 Cited by
Spatial distribution of cold-adapted Synechococcus during spring in seas adjacent to Korea,;;;;;;;;;;;;

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