JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Community Structure of Macrozoobenthos and Its Spatial Distribution in the Subtidal Region off the Namhaedo Island, South Coast of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Sea
  • Volume 21, Issue 1,  2016, pp.11-23
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oceanography
  • DOI : 10.7850/jkso.2016.21.1.11
 Title & Authors
The Community Structure of Macrozoobenthos and Its Spatial Distribution in the Subtidal Region off the Namhaedo Island, South Coast of Korea
LIM, HYUN-SIG; CHOI, JIN-WOO; CHOI, SANG-DUK;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
An ecological study on subtidal macrobenthic fauna was conducted off the Namhaedo Island, south coast of Korea from July 2012 to April 2013. A total of 247 species of macrobenthos occurred with a mean density of and a mean biomass of . Polychaetes was the richest and most abundant faunal group that comprised 37% in both total species number and density whereas echinoderms were biomass-dominant faunal group that accounted for 44% of the mean biomass. There was a seasonal variation in the species richness and abundance of macrobenthos with more species in winter and higher density in spring. Mean faunal density was relatively high at the stations near Namhaedo Island, but gradually decreased toward offshore stations. The most dominant species in terms of density was an amphipod species, Eriopisella sechellensis which occurred as a top ranker during three seasons except spring recorded the fourth rank. E. sechellensis showed its high density at the near shore stations of Namhaedo Island, but this species did not occur around the entrance of Gwangyang and Saryang Bays where Theora fragilis and Lumbrineris longifolia showed high densities. In particular, Tharyx sp., recorded high density between Gwangyang Bay entrance and offshore after Sea Prince oil spill, did not occur in the same area during this study period. The bottom temperature and sorting value of the surface sediments were highly correlated to the spatial distribution of macrobenthic fauna from the Bio-Env analysis. From the cluster analysis, the study area has five station groups with more similar faunal affinities from inner area toward offshore area. Based on the SIMPER analysis T. fragilis, Magelona japonica, E. sechellensis, L. longifolia and Paraprionospio cordifolia were mainly contributed to the classification of station groups. From the BPI, benthic communities in the entrance of Gwangyang Bay and Saryang Bay were considered to be in a slightly polluted condition in contrast to the normal healthy community at the offshore of Namhaedo Island. These results suggested that the benthic community of this area should be regularly monitored to assess the health status of this benthic ecosystem.
 Keywords
Macrobenthic community;Namhaedo Island;Eriopisella sechellensis;Theora fragilis;Sediment sorting value;Bottom water temperature;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
한국 서남해역 시아해의 조하대 저서동물 군집,임재근;임현식;

환경생물, 2016. vol.34. 4, pp.329-345 crossref(new window)
2.
낙동강 하구 조하대 대형저서동물의 군집구조,서진영;김정현;최진우;

한국해양학회지:바다, 2016. vol.21. 3, pp.112-124 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
국토해양부, 2010. 해양환경공정시험기준. 495pp.

2.
Choi, J.W., J.Y. Seo, 2007. Application of biotic indices to assess the health condition of benthic community in Masan Bay, Korea. Ocean and Polar Res. 29(4): 339-348. crossref(new window)

3.
Choi, J.W., O.H. Yu and W.J. Lee, 2003. The Summer spatial distributional pattern of macrobenthic fauna in Gwangyang Bay, southern coast of Korea. "The Sea" J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr. 8(1): 14-28.

4.
Choi, J.W., J.Y. Seo, H.S. Lim and H.C. Shin, 2006. Community structure of soft-bottom macrozoobenthic comminuties near the Sori-Keumo Islands, southern coast of Korea after the Sea Prince oil spill. J. Korean Fish. Soc. 34(3): 225-237.

5.
Clarke, K.R., P.J. Somerfield and R.N. Gorley, 2008. Testing of null hypotheses in exploratory community analyses: similarity profiles and biota-environment linkage. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 366: 56-69. crossref(new window)

6.
Dauvin, J.-C., 2008. Effects of heavy metal contamination on the macrobenthic fauna in estuaries: The case of the Seine estuary. Marine Pollut. Bull., 57: 160-169. crossref(new window)

7.
Hong, J.S. and J.W. Yoo, 1996. Salinity and sediment types as sources of variability in the distribution of the benthic macrofauna in Han River estuary and Kyonggi Bay. J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 31: 217-231.

8.
Jung, R.H. J.S. Hong and J.H. Lee, 1997. Spatial and seasonal patterns of polychaete community during the reclamation and dredging activities for the construction of the Pohang Steel Mill Company in Kwangyang Bay, Korea. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 30: 730-743.

9.
Kingston, P.E., I.M. Dixons, S. Hamilton and D.C. Moore, 1995. The impact of the Braer Oil Spill on the macrobenthic fauna of the sediments off the Shetland Islands. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 30: 445-449. crossref(new window)

10.
Kodama, K. J.H. Lee, M. Oyama, H. Shiraishi and T. Horiguchi, 2012. Disturbance of benthic macrofauna in relation to hypoxia and organic enrichment in a eutrophic coastal bay. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 76: 80-89.

11.
Lee, J.H., J.Y. Park, H.G. Lee, H.S. Park and D.S. Kim, 2003. Environmental assessment of the Shihwa Lake by using the benthic pollution index. Ocean and Polar Res. 25(2): 183-200. crossref(new window)

12.
Lim, H.S. 2015. Spatial distribution of soft bottom macrobenthos of Yeoja Bay in summer season, south coast of Korea. "The Sea" J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr. 20(2): 78-91.

13.
Lim, H.S. and J.S. Hong, 1997. Ecology of the macrozoobenthos in Chinhae Bay Korea 2. Distribution pattern of the major dominant species. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 30: 161-174.

14.
Lim, H.S. and J.S. Hong, 2002. Spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos along the salinity gradient and sedimentary environment in the Watancheon estuary, Beobsungpo, southwest coast of Korea. "The Sea" J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 4: 80-92.

15.
Lim, H.S. and J.W. Choi, 2001a. Macrobenthic community in the soft bottom around Sorido Island, southern coast of Korea. J. Korean Fish. Soc. 34(3): 225-237.

16.
Lim, H.S. and J.W. Choi, 2001b. Community structure of subtidal macrobenthos in Hampyung Bay during autumn in 1997, southwest coast of Korea. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 34: 326-339.

17.
Lim, H.S., J.W. Choi and S.D. Choi, 2012. Spatial distribution of macrobenthos in Sueocheon Stream estuary at the nothern part of Gwangyang Bay, Korea. "The Sea" J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 17: 76-86.

18.
Lim, H.S. and K.Y. Park, 1999. Community structure of the macrobenthos in the soft bottom of Youngsan River estuary, Korea. 1. Benthic environment. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 31: 330-342.

19.
Lim, H.S., H.S. Park, J.W. Choi, J.G. Je, 1999. Macrobenthic community of the subtidal soft bottom of Aeanggang Bay in the southern coast of Korea. J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 4: 80-92.

20.
Lim, H.S., R.J. Diaz, J.S. Hong, and L.C. Schaffner, 2006. Hypoxia and benthic community recovery in Korean coastal waters. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 52: 1517-1526. crossref(new window)

21.
Lim, J.G. and H.S. Lim, 2015. Subtidal Macrobenthic community in Shia Sea, southwest coast of Korea (in preparation).

22.
McManus, J.W. and D. Pauly, 1990. Measuring ecological stress: variations on a theme by R.M. Warwick. Mar. Biol., 106: 305-308. crossref(new window)

23.
Park, H.S., J.H. Lee and J.W. Choi, 2000. Spatio-temporal distribution of macrobenthic community on subtidal area around Mokpo. Korea. "The Sea" J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 5(2): 169-176.

24.
Pearson, T.H. and R. Rosenberg, 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 16: 229-311.

25.
Peng, S., R. Zhou, X. Qin, H. Shi and D. Ding, 2013. Application of macrobenthos functional groups to estimate the ecosystem health in a semi-enclosed bay. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 74: 302-310. crossref(new window)

26.
Shannon, C.E. and W. Wiener, 1963. The mathematical theory of communication. Urbna, Univ. of Illinois Press, p. 125.

27.
Shin, H.C. and C.H. Koh, 1990. Temporal and spatial variation of polychaete community in Kwangyang Bay, Southern Coast of Korea. J. Oceanol Soc. Korea, 25: 205-216.

28.
Shin, H.C. and C.H. Koh, 1993. Polychaetous community in the coastal zone off Samchunpo, southern sea of Korea. The J. Oceanolo. Soc. Korea, 28(4): 305-312.

29.
Yoo, J.W., Y.W. Lee, J.L. Ruesink, C.G. Lee, C.S. Kim, M.R. Park, K.T. Yoon, I.S. Hwang, J.H. Maeng, R. Rosenberg and J.S. Hong, 2010. Environmental quality of Korean coasts as determined by modified Shannon-Wiener evenness proportion. Environ. Monit. Assess., 170: 141-157. crossref(new window)

30.
Whittacker, R.J. (Ed.), 1975. Communities and Ecosystems, 2nd Edition. Macmillan, New York, pp. 1-385.

31.
Wildsmith, M.D., T.H., Rose, I.C., Potter, R.M. Warwick and K.R. Clarke, 2011. Benthic macroinvertebrates as indicators of environmental deterioration in a large microtidal estuary. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 62: 525-538. crossref(new window)