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The Community Structure of Macrozoobenthos and Its Spatial Distribution in the Subtidal Region off the Namhaedo Island, South Coast of Korea
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  • Journal title : The Sea
  • Volume 21, Issue 1,  2016, pp.11-23
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oceanography
  • DOI : 10.7850/jkso.2016.21.1.11
 Title & Authors
The Community Structure of Macrozoobenthos and Its Spatial Distribution in the Subtidal Region off the Namhaedo Island, South Coast of Korea
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An ecological study on subtidal macrobenthic fauna was conducted off the Namhaedo Island, south coast of Korea from July 2012 to April 2013. A total of 247 species of macrobenthos occurred with a mean density of and a mean biomass of . Polychaetes was the richest and most abundant faunal group that comprised 37% in both total species number and density whereas echinoderms were biomass-dominant faunal group that accounted for 44% of the mean biomass. There was a seasonal variation in the species richness and abundance of macrobenthos with more species in winter and higher density in spring. Mean faunal density was relatively high at the stations near Namhaedo Island, but gradually decreased toward offshore stations. The most dominant species in terms of density was an amphipod species, Eriopisella sechellensis which occurred as a top ranker during three seasons except spring recorded the fourth rank. E. sechellensis showed its high density at the near shore stations of Namhaedo Island, but this species did not occur around the entrance of Gwangyang and Saryang Bays where Theora fragilis and Lumbrineris longifolia showed high densities. In particular, Tharyx sp., recorded high density between Gwangyang Bay entrance and offshore after Sea Prince oil spill, did not occur in the same area during this study period. The bottom temperature and sorting value of the surface sediments were highly correlated to the spatial distribution of macrobenthic fauna from the Bio-Env analysis. From the cluster analysis, the study area has five station groups with more similar faunal affinities from inner area toward offshore area. Based on the SIMPER analysis T. fragilis, Magelona japonica, E. sechellensis, L. longifolia and Paraprionospio cordifolia were mainly contributed to the classification of station groups. From the BPI, benthic communities in the entrance of Gwangyang Bay and Saryang Bay were considered to be in a slightly polluted condition in contrast to the normal healthy community at the offshore of Namhaedo Island. These results suggested that the benthic community of this area should be regularly monitored to assess the health status of this benthic ecosystem.
Macrobenthic community;Namhaedo Island;Eriopisella sechellensis;Theora fragilis;Sediment sorting value;Bottom water temperature;
 Cited by
한국 서남해역 시아해의 조하대 저서동물 군집,임재근;임현식;

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