JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Re-evaluation of Ammonium Data in Seawater: an Unique Short-Term Index
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Sea
  • Volume 21, Issue 2,  2016, pp.58-66
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oceanography
  • DOI : 10.7850/jkso.2016.21.2.58
 Title & Authors
Re-evaluation of Ammonium Data in Seawater: an Unique Short-Term Index
JEONG, YONG HOON; YANG, JAE SAM;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
We have evaluated the ammonium data in seawater as a potential short-term index for marine environment through the following steps. 1. reviewing of chemical characteristics of ammonium in seawater, 2. comparative relationships of ammonium data with other water quality indices such as DO, COD, and nutrients from Typical Marine Environment(TME) and Special Marine Environment(SME). Ammonium data generally represent negative correlation with DO, while positive correlation with COD. In particular, under frequent cases of seawater conditions showing similar concentration of COD or DO, we have limited choice of explanation for such situation. However ODIN(ODIN/RDIN) or RDIN(RDIN/TDIN) ratio could provide advanced information to understand these seawater conditions. Based on these results, we suggest ammonium data as a potential short-period index for transilient marine environment, such as benthic flux of bottom sediment, hypoxia, and algal bloom. Under overcoming several handicaps, ammonium data could be an useful tool for better understand short transformation of marine environment.
 Keywords
re-evaluation;short-term index;ammonium;seawater;hypoxia;algal bloom;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Bode, A., C.G. Castro, M.D. Doval and M. Varela, 2002. New and regenerated production and ammonium regeneration in the western Bransfield Strait region (Antarctica) during phytoplankton bloom conditions in summer. Deep-Sea Research II, 49: 787-804.

2.
Choi, M.Y., D.S. Moon, D.H. Jung and H.J. Kim, 2012. Seasonal distribution of water masses and spatio-temporal characteristics of nutrients in the coastal areas of Ganwon province of the Korean East Sea in 2009. J. Kor. Soc. Mar. Environ. Eng., 15: 76-88.

3.
Chung, C.S., G.H. Hong, S.H. Kim, Y.I. Kim, D.S. Moon, J.K. Park, Y.C. Park, J.H. Lee and H.J. Lie, 2000. The origin of dissolved inorganic nutrients by Kuroshio Intermediate Water in the eastern continental shelf of the East China Sea. J. Kor. Soc. Mar. Environ. Eng., 3: 13-23.

4.
Cortes, A. and W.H. Kim, 2009. Factors influencing the removal of nutrient by seawater. In: Proceeding of The Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety in Spring, pp. 145-147.

5.
Diaz, J.R. and R. Rosenberg, 1995. Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioral responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev., 33: 245-303.

6.
Hermandez-Leon, S., C. Almeida, M. Gomez, S. Torres, I. Montero and A. Portillo-Hahnefeld, 2001. Zooplankton biomass and indices of feeding and metabolism in island-generated eddies around Gran Canaria. J. Marine Systems, 30: 51-66. crossref(new window)

7.
Hermandez-Leon, S., C. Fraga and T. Ikeda, 2008. A global estimation of mesozooplankton ammonium excretion in the open ocean. J. of Plankton Research, 30: 577-585. crossref(new window)

8.
Jeong, Y.H., H.S. Kim and J.S. Yang, 2010. Statistical analyses of long-term water quality variation in the Geumgang-Reservoir: focused on the TP load by migrating birds excrement. J. Kor. Soc. Mar. Environ. Eng., 13: 223-233.

9.
Jeong, Y.H., Y.T. Kim, Y.Z. Chae, C.W. Rhee, K.R. Ko, S.Y. Kim, J.Y. Jeong and J.S. Yang, 2005. Analysis of long-term monitoring data from the Geum River estuary. The Sea, J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 10: 139-144.

10.
Jeong, Y.H., J.S. Yang and K. Park, 2014. Changes in water quality after the construction of an estuary dam in the Geum River Estuary Dam System, Korea. J. Coastal Res., 30: 1278-1286.

11.
Kim, S.-W., W.-J. Go, S.-S. Kim, H.-D. Jeong and K. Yamada, 2010. Characteristics of ocean environment before and after coastal upwelling in the southeastern part of Korean Peninsula using an in-situ and multi-satellite data. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, 16: 345-352.

12.
KORDI (Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute), 1997. Marine Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Technology; Development of Coastal Water Quality Assessment and Prediction Technology, Ministry of Environment, 356 pp.

13.
KORDI (Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute), 1999. Marine Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Technology; Development of Coastal Water Quality Assessment and Prediction Technology, Ministry of Environment, 258 pp.

14.
K-water, 2010. Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment Report on the Change of Sand Mining Site in Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), South Sea of Korea, 702 pp.

15.
K-water, 2012. Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment Report (2nd) on the Change of Sand Mining Site in Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), South Sea of Korea, 592 pp.

16.
Lee, H.-Y., 2008. Water Quality Simulations after Completion of Saemangeum Reservoir Construction, MS thesis, Kunsan National University, 95 pp.

17.
McCarthy, J.J. and T.E. Whitledge, 1971. Nitrogen excretion by anchovy (Engraulis mordax and E. ringens) and jack mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus). Fishery Bulletin, 70: 395-401.

18.
MEIS (Marine Environment Information System), 2013. http://www.meis.go.kr/rest/main.

19.
MOF (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries), 2013a. Korean Standard Method of Examination for Marine Environment, MOF Notification No. 2013-230.

20.
MOF (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries), 2013b. Marine Environmental Standards Pursuant to Article 8 of Marine Environment Management Act, MOF Notification No. 2013-186.

21.
MOF (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries), 2013c. Rules on Detail of Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment Report, MOF Notification No. 107.

22.
Moon, C.-H., C. Park and S.Y. Lee, 1993. Nutrients and particulate organic matter in Asan Bay. Bull. Korean Fish. Soc., 26: 173-181.

23.
Moon, C.-H., H.-S. Yang and K.W. Lee, 1996. Regeneration processes of nutrients in the polar front area in the East Sea. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 29: 503-526.

24.
Oh, H.K., 2003. A Study on the Improvement Effect of Sediment Quality by Using the Improvement Material, MS thesis, Yosu National University, 108 pp.

25.
Park, Y.C., 1987. Biochemical Study of Nitrogen Regeneration by Zooplankton in the Kyungki Bay, Yellow Sea, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation Report, 108 pp.

26.
Rahmadi, P., 2010. Oxidation Effects of Different Levels of Ozone on Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate and Dissolved Organic Carbon in Seawater, MS thesis, Pukyong National University, 52 pp.

27.
Wiggert, J.D., B.H. Jones, T.D. Dickey, K.H. Brink, R.A. Weller, J. Marra and L.A. Codispoti, 2000. The Northeast Monsoon's impacts on mixing, phytoplankton biomass and nutrient cycling in the Arabian Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 47: 1353-1385. crossref(new window)

28.
Wikipedia, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org.

29.
Willey, J.D. and H.W. Paerl, 1993. Enhancement of chlorophyll a production in Gulf Stream surface seawater by synthetic versus natural rain. Marine Biology, 116: 329-334. crossref(new window)

30.
Wu, R.S.S., 2002. Hypoxia: from molecular responses to ecosystem responses. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 45: 35-45. crossref(new window)

31.
Yang, J.S., 1991, Introduction to Oceanography, Jeongdam, 459 pp.

32.
Yang, J.S., J.Y. Jeong, J.Y. Heo, S.H. Lee and J.Y. Choi, 1999. Chemical mass balance of materials in the Keum River Estuary 1. Seasonal distribution of nutrients. The Sea, J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 4: 71-79.

33.
Yang, J.S., Y.H. Jeong and K.H. Ji, 2008a. Changes in the sensitive chemical parameters of the seawater in EEZ, Yellow Sea during and after the sand mining operation. The Sea, J. Korean Soc. Oceanogr., 13: 1-14.

34.
Yang, J.S., Y.H. Jeong, K.H. Ji, H.S. Kim, J.H. Choi and W.J. Kim, 2008b. The early-stage changes of water qualities after the Saemangeum sea-dike construction. J. Kor. Soc. Mar. Environ. Eng., 11: 199-213.