Aldridge JM 3rd, Atkins TA, Gunneson EE, Urbaniak JR. Anterior release of the elbow for extension loss. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004; 86: 1955-1960.
An KN, Morrey BF, Chao EY. The effect of partial removal of proximal ulna on elbow constraint. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1986; 209: 270-9
Ball CM, Meunier M, Galatz LM, Calfee R, Yamaguchi K. Arthroscopic treatment of posttraumatic elbow contracture. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2002; 11: 624-629
Cooney WP. Contractures of the elbow. In: The elbow and its disorders (Ed. Morrey BF). W.B Sanders Co. Philadelphia 1993;2:464-475
Deland JT, Garg A, Walker PS. Biomechanical basis for elbow hinge-distractor design. C l i n Orthop Relat Res. 1987; 215: 303-312.
Figgie MP, Inglis AE, Mow CS, Figgie HE 3rd. Total elbow arthroplasty for complete ankylosis of the elbow. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989;71: 513-520.
Gates HS 3rd, Sullivan FL, Urbaniak JR. Anterior capsulotomy and continuous passive motion in the treatment of post-traumatic flexion contracture of the elbow. A prospective study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1992; 74: 1229-1234
Jupiter JB, O'Driscoll SW, Cohen MS. The assessment and management of the stiff elbow. Instr Course Lect. 2003; 52: 93-111
Mansat P, Morrey BF. The column procedure: a limited lateral approach for extrinsic contracture of the elbow. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998 ; 80: 1603-1615.
Marti RK, Kerkhoffs GM, Maas M, Blankevoort L. Progressive surgical release of a posttraumatic stiff elbow. Technique and outcome after 2-18 years in 46 patients. Acta Orthop Scand. 2002; 73: 144-150
Mohan K. Myositis ossificans traumatica of the elbow. Int Surg. 1972;57: 475-478.
Morrey BF, Askew LJ, Chao EY. A biomechanical study of normal functional elbow motion. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981; 63: 872-877.
Morrey BF. Post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. Operative treatment, including distraction arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990; 72: 601-618.
Morrey BF. Posttraumatic stiffness: distraction arthroplasty. Orthopedics. 1992; 15: 863-869.
Nicholson GP. Arthroscopic capsular release for stiff shoulders: effect of etiology on outcomes. Arthroscopy. 2003; 19: 40-49.
O'Driscoll SW, Morrey BF, Korinek S, An KN. Elbow subluxation and dislocation. A spectrum of instability. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 ;280:186-197.
Redden JF, Stanley D. Arthroscopic fenestration of the olecranon fossa in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the elbow. Arthroscopy. 1 9 9 3 ; 9:14-16.
Regan WD, Reilly CD. Distraction arthroplasty of the elbow. Hand Clin. 1993; 9: 719-28.
Sojbjerg JO . The stiff elbow. Acta Orthop Scand. 1996; 67: 626-631.
Sojbjerg JO, Ovesen J, Nielsen S. Experimental elbow instability after transection of the medial collateral ligament. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987; 218: 186-190.
Vardakas DG, Varitimidis SE, Goebel F, Vogt MT, Sotereanos DG. Evaluating and treating the stiff elbow. Hand Clin. 2002; 18: 77-85.
Wada T, Ishii S, Usui M, Miyano S. The medial approach for operative release of post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000; 82: 68-73.