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In vivo 3D Kinematics of Axis of Rotation in Malunited Monteggia Fracture Dislocation
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  • Journal title : Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
  • Volume 17, Issue 1,  2014, pp.25-30
  • Publisher : Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
  • DOI : 10.5397/cise.2014.17.1.25
 Title & Authors
In vivo 3D Kinematics of Axis of Rotation in Malunited Monteggia Fracture Dislocation
Kim, Eugene; Park, Se-Jin; Jeong, Haw-Jae; Ahn, Jin Whan; Shin, Hun-Kyu; Park, Jai Hyung; Lee, Mi Yeon; Tsuyoshi, Murase; Sumika, Ikemototo; Kazuomi, Sugamoto; Choi, Young-Min;
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 Abstract
Background: Normal elbow joint kinematics has been widely studied in cadaver, whilst in vivo study, especially of the forearm, is rare. Our study analyses, in vivo, the kinematics of normal forearm and of malunited forearm using a three-dimensional computerized simulation system. Methods: We examined 8 patients with malunited Monteggia fracture and 4 controls with normal elbow joint. The ulna and radius were reconstructed from CT data placing the forearm in three different positions; full pronation, neutral, and full supination using computer bone models. We analyzed the axis of rotation 3-dimentionally based on the axes during forearm rotation from full pronation to full supination. Results: Axis of rotation of normal forearm was pitch line, with a mean range of 2 mm, from full pronation to full supination, connecting the radial head center proximally and ulnar fovea distally. In normal forearm, the mean range was 1.32 mm at the proximal radioulnar joint and 1.51 mm at the distal radioulnar joint. However in Monteggia fracture patients, this range changed to 7.65 mm at proximal and 4.99 mm at distal radoulnar joint. Conclusions: During forearm rotation, the axis of rotation was constant in normal elbow joint but unstable in malunited Monteggia fracture patients as seen with radial head instability. Therefore, consideration should be given not only to correcting deformity but also to restoring AOR by 3D kinematics analysis before surgical treatment of such fractures.
 Keywords
Forearm;Monteggia fracture;Axis of rotation;Kinematics;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
3D analysis of motion in the non-united elbow and deformity in the malunited forearm using a computerized simulation system, BMC Proceedings, 2015, 9, Suppl 3, A93  crossref(new windwow)
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