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A Thermal Study of the Harmful Chemical Species of Charcoal and Their Transformation during Combustion
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 Title & Authors
A Thermal Study of the Harmful Chemical Species of Charcoal and Their Transformation during Combustion
Yoon, Hye-On; Kim, Ki-Hyun;
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 Abstract
Charcoal burning in the process of manufacture and ordinary use often release many constituent chemical species. As a result of open burning, the chemical composition as well as the physical properties of original material changes through the modification of surface properties of charcoal. Surface modification could be more responsible toward the outside elements for surface adsorption, it becomes easy to adsorb more toxic elements through surface adsorption. In this study, four kinds of commercially available charcoal were studied against the chemical and thermal stability along with the heavy metals and organic hazardous substances. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry, from room temperature to , were performed to study the weight loss and the changes in the behavior of those substances. According to TGA analysis, about 10% of weight loss was happened before . It was found that related weight loss of this temperature region may responsible to the gas phase organic matter. Natural charcoal, K1 and C1 show 15% of loss during the reaction heated to , while the artificial charcoal K2, C2 show the weight loss of about 20% was found. This is consistent with the main organic matter and VOC analysis results shown. Chemical composition based on the x-ray diffraction analysis was carried out. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the existence of chemical additive in the forms of , , and .
 Keywords
Charcoal;combustion;thermal analysis;phase change;hazardous materials;additive;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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